The Use and Misuse of Psychiatric Drugs: An Evidence-Based Critique / Edition 1

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Overview

The message of this book is that psychiatrists have some very good drugs, but can expect bad results when they are over-used, prescribed outside of evidence-based indications, or given to the wrong patients. While acknowledging that many current agents are highly effective and have revolutionized the treatment of certain disorders, Joel Paris criticizes their use outside of an evidence base. Too many patients are either over-medicated or are misdiagnosed to justify aggressive treatment.  Dr. Paris calls for more government funding of clinical trials to establish, without bias, the effectiveness of these agents.  He has written this book for practitioners and trainees to show that scientific evidence supports a more cautious and conservative approach to drug therapy. 

 

After describing the history of psychopharmacology, including its early successes, Dr. Paris reviews the relationship between psychiatry and the pharmaceutical industry. This problem has received considerable popular attention in recent years and Dr. Paris documents initiatives to increase transparency and decrease the influence of pharmaceutical marketing on diagnosis and prescribing habits.  



Dr Paris then examines some major controversies. One is the fact that newer drugs have not been shown to be superior to older agents. Another is that while the number of prescriptions for antidepressants has increased dramatically, meta-analyses show that their value is more limited than previously believed. Still another is the widespread prescription of mood stabilizers and antipsychotic drugs for patients, including children and adolescents, who do not have bipolar illness. Polypharmacy is an especially contentious area: very few drug combinations have been tested in clinical trials, yet many patients end up on a cocktail of powerful drugs, each with its own side effects.  

 

Dr Paris briefly considers alternatives to pharmacology and again calls for more clinical trials of these approaches.  He also discusses the current trend to medicalizing what many would describe as normal distress and states succinctly: Some things in life are worth being upset about.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

The Use and Misuse of Psychiatric Drugs deserves a place in every health sciences library.” (Metapsychology Online Reviews, 8 January 2013)

"In the book’s foreword, Tyrer describes this book as a ‘‘well balanced sober account of a serious issue that affects almost all of us in one way or another’’ and I would agree with that. The book is well written, easy to read, and makes good bedtime reading despite the serious nature of its topic. Epidemiologists will find it useful as background to the use of these medications, even if observational studies were neglected. ... Paris is not afraid to tackle controversial topics and make forceful

statements about issues where improvement is needed. I highly recommend this book to anyone who would like to know more about this topic." (Annals of Epidemiology, 2012)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470745717
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 10/12/2010
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 224
  • Product dimensions: 4.90 (w) x 7.70 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Joel Paris is a professor of psychiatry and former department chair who has taught in a large university for 40 years. A researcher (with over 150 publications), a clinician, and the editor of a major journal, he has written/edited 12 books.  He writes in a way that can readily be understood by clinicians. 


Joel Paris is an active researcher, primarily in personality disorders and child & adolescent psychiatry, and both this and his considerable practical expertise enable him to argue  intelligently both for and against the use of psychotropic medications.  His background as a medical investigator and broad experience in teaching young psychiatrists about the use of drugs help him to make neutral judgments about complex issues.



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Table of Contents

Introduction


I Overview


1 The history of psychopharmacology


2 The science of psychopharmacology


3 The pharmaceutical industry


II Drugs in practice


4 Antipsychotics: for better and for worse


5 Mood stabilizers and mood instability


6 Antidepressants and anxiolytics


7 Prescribing for children and adolescents


8 The path to polypharmacy


III Perspectives


9 Alternatives to drugs


10 Medicalizing distress


11 The future of psychopharmacology


Bibliography


Index


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