A User's Guide to Engineering / Edition 1

A User's Guide to Engineering / Edition 1

by James N. Jensen
     
 

With an informal and engaging writing style, A User’s Guide to Engineering is an exploration of the world of engineering for future and current engineers.

This title is part of Prentice Hall’s ESource series. ESource allows professors to select the content appropriate for their freshman/first-year engineering course. Professors can adopt

See more details below

Overview

With an informal and engaging writing style, A User’s Guide to Engineering is an exploration of the world of engineering for future and current engineers.

This title is part of Prentice Hall’s ESource series. ESource allows professors to select the content appropriate for their freshman/first-year engineering course. Professors can adopt the published manuals as is or use ESource’s website www.prenhall.com/esource to view and select the chapters they need, in the sequence they want. The option to add their own material or copyrighted material from other publishers also exists.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780131480254
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Publication date:
11/17/2005
Series:
ESource Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
384
Sales rank:
505,947
Product dimensions:
8.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Meet the Author

James Jensen is currently Associate Professor of Civil Engineering and Director of the Environmental Science Program at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Dr. Jensen received his B.S. in Engineering and Applied Sciences from the California Institute of Technology in 1980. He received an MSPH in 1983 and Ph.D. in 1988 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His teaching responsibilities are in the area of environmental engineering, with emphasis on environmental chemistry and physicochemical processes. Dr. Jensen's current research interests are aimed at the fundamental chemistry and application of chemical oxidants in natural and engineered systems. Dr. Jensen has served as the Chairman for the Standard Methods Joint Task Group on Oxidant Demand/Requirement. His research work has been funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, industry, and utilities.

Table of Contents

0 Introduction

Welcome to Engineering

How to Use This Book

Engineering Case Studies

Acknowledgments

Part I: Exploring Engineering

Chapter 1: Introduction to Exploring Engineering

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Welcome to Engineering

1.3 How to Discover Engineering

1.4 The Grand Challenges

1.5 Engineering Education: What You Should Expect

1.4.1 Eaton’s first rule: “ ... make practical applications of all the sciences ...”

1.4.2 Eaton’s second rule: “... take the place of the teacher ... [in] exercises.”

1.4.3 Eaton’s third rule: “... attend to but one branch of learning at the same time...”

1.4.4 Eaton’s fourth rule: “Let the amusements and recreation of students be of a scientific character.”

1.4.5 Eaton’s fifth rule: “Let every student daily criticize those whose exercise he has attended ...”

1.6 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 2: What is Engineering?

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Defining Engineering

2.3 Engineering as an Applied Discipline

2.3.1 Knowledge generation versus knowledge implementation

2.3.2 The role of engineering

2.4 Engineering As Creative Problem Solving

2.4.1 Solving problems

2.4.2 Standard approaches to solving problems

2.4.3 Creative approaches to solving problems

2.5 Engineering as Constrained Optimization

2.5.1 Constraints

2.5.2 Feasibility

2.6 Engineering as Helping Others

2.7 Engineers as Communicators

2.8 Engineering as a Profession

2.9 What Engineering is NOT

2.10 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 3: Engineering Careers

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Engineering Jobs

3.2.1 Availability of jobs

3.2.2 Introduction to engineer¿ing jobs

3.2.3 Engineers in industry

3.2.4 Engineers in service

3.2.5 Engineers in government

3.2.6 Other engineering jobs

3.2.7 Engineering education as a route to other fields

3.3 Job Satisfaction in Engineering

3.3.1 What does “job satisfaction” mean to you?

3.3.2 Engineering salaries

3.4 Future of Engineering Employment

3.5 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 4: Engineering Disciplines

4.1 Introduction

4.2 How Many Engineering Disciplines Exist?

4.3 Chemical Engineering

4.3.1 Technical areas

4.3.2 Applications

4.3.3 Curriculum

4.4 Civil Engineering

4.3.1 Technical areas

4.3.2 Applications

4.3.3 Curriculum

4.5 Electrical Engineering

4.5.1 Technical areas

4.5.2 Applications

4.5.3 Curriculum

4.6 Industrial Engineering

4.6.1 Technical areas

4.6.2 Applications

4.6.3 Curriculum

4.7 Mechanical Engineering

4.7.1 Technical areas

4.7.2 Applications

4.7.3 Curriculum

4.8 Major Engineering Subdisciplines

4.8.1 Introduction

4.8.2 Materials engineering

4.8.3 Aeronautical, astronautical, and aerospace engineering

4.8.4 Environmental engineering

4.8.5 Agricultural engineering

4.8.6 Biomedical engineering

4.9 How Do New Engineering Disciplines Evolve?

4.9.1 Introduction

4.9.2 Creation of new field by budding

4.9.3 Creation of new field by merging

4.10 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Part II: Engineering Ethics

Chapter 5: Introduction to Engineering Ethics

5.1 Introduction

5.2 What is Ethics?

5.3 Importance of Engineering Ethics

5.4 Approaches to Engineering Ethics

5.5 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 6: Professional Ethics

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Academic Ethics

6.3 NSPE Code of Ethics

6.3.1 Introduction

6.3.2 Fundamental Canons

6.4 Other Engineering Code of Ethics

6.4.1 Additional Principles

6.4.2 Discrimination and Harassment

6.4.3 Continuing Education on Ethics

6.4.4 Ethics and Engineering Education

6.5 Examples of Engineering Ethics

6.5.1 Not Reporting Violations

6.5.2 Whistle-Blowing

6.6 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 7: Beyond Professional Ethics

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Appropriate Technology

7.2.1 Introduction

7.2.2 Example

7.2.3 Appropriate Technology and Engineering

7.3 Environmental Ethics, Sustainability, and Industrial Ecology

7.3.1 Introduction

7.3.2 Sustainability

7.3.3 Industrial Ecology

7.4 Accessibility

7.5 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Part III: Engineering Profession

Chapter 8: Professional Life of Engineers

8.1 Introduction

8.2 What is a Profession?

8.3 Engineering as a Profession

8.3.1 Introduction

8.3.2 Judgment and Discretion in Engineering

8.3.3 Admission to the Profession

8.3.4 Self Policing

8.4 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 9: Professional Life

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Professional Benefits

9.2.1 Introduction

9.2.2 Job Satisfaction

9.2.3 Variety of Career Oppertunities

9.2.4 Challenging Work

9.2.5 Intellectual Development

9.2.6 Potential to Benefit Society

9.2.7 Financial Security

9.2.8 Prestige

9.2.9 Professional Environment

9.2.10 Technological and Scientific Discovery

9.2.11 Creative Thinking

9.3 Professional Obligations

9.3.1 Introduction

9.3.2 Continuing Education

9.3.3 Giving Back to the Profession

9.4 Practical Issues

9.5 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 10: Professional Registration

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Why Become a Professional Engineer?

10.3 The Registration Process

10.3.1 Overview

10.3.2 The Accredited Degree

10.3.3 Fundamentals of Engineering Examination

10.3.4 Experience

10.3.5 Principles and Practice Examination

10.4 After Registration

10.5 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Part IV: Engineering Problem Solving

Chapter 11: Introduction to Engineering Problem Solving and the Scientific Method

11.1 Introduction

11.1.1 Engineering problems

11.1.2 The art and science of engineering problem-solving

11.1.3 Engineering solution methods

11.2 Approaches to Engineering Problem Solving

11.2.1 Introduction

11.2.2 Scientific method

11.2.3 Engineering analysis method

11.2.4 Engineering design method

11.2.5 Need for innovation

11.3 Introduction to the Scientific Method

11.3.1 Introduction

11.3.2. Scientific problem-solving process

11.4 Problem Definition

11.4.1 Introduction

11.4.2 Inclusive and exclusive definitions

11.4.3 Disadvantages of definitions that are not specific

11.5 Formulate a Hypothesis

11.5.1 Introduction

11.5.2 Hypotheses as testable statements

11.6 Test the Hypothesis

11.6.1 Testing a hypothesis by experiment

11.6.2 Testing a hypothesis by analysis

11.7 Drawing Conclusions from Hypothesis Testing

11.7.1 Rejecting a hypothesis

11.7.2 Conditionally accepting a hypothesis

11.8 Examples of the Use of the Scientific Method

11.9 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 12: Engineering Analysis Method

12.1 Introduction

12.1.1 Introduction to the engineering analysis method

12.1.2 Solving analysis problems

12.2 Gathering Data

12.2.1 Introduction

12.2.2 Data collection

12.3 Selecting the Analysis Method

12.3.1 Introduction

12.3.2 Selection of physical laws

12.3.3 Translation into mathematical expressions

12.4 Estimate the Solution

12.4.1 Introduction

12.4.2 Example

12.5 Solving the Problem

12.5.1 Solving mathematical expressions by isolating the unknown

12.5.2 “Golden Rule” of expression manipulation

12.5.3 Manipulating inequalities

12.5.4 Hints for manipulating equations

12.6 Check the Results

12.6.1 Introduction

12.6.2 Use logic to avoid Aphysical answers

12.6.3 Using logic to check expression manipulation

12.6.4 Using estimation to check solutions

12.6.5 Using units to check solutions

12.7 Units

12.7.1 Introduction

12.7.2 Dimensional analysis

12.7.3 Units and functions

12.7.4 Units conversion

12.8 An Example of the Engineering Analysis Method

12.9 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 13: Engineering Design Method

13.1 Introduction

13.1.1 Introduction to engineering design

13.1.2 Solving design problems

13.2 Generating Multiple Solutions

13.2.1 Introduction

13.2.2 Brainstorming

13.2.3 Methods for generating new ideas

13.3 Analyzing Alternatives and Selecting a Solution

13.3.1 Analyzing alternatives

13.3.2 Selecting a solution

13.4 Implementing the Solution

13.5 Evaluating the Solution

13.6 Design Example

13.7 Design Parameters

13.7.1 Introduction

13.7.2 Example

13.7.3 Uses of design parameters

13.8 Innovations in Design

13.8.1 Introduction

13.8.2 Need for innovation

13.8.3 Design innovation by concurrent engineering

13.8.4 Design innovation by reengineering

13.8.5 Design innovation by reverse engineering

13.8.6 How to innovate

13.8.7 Translating failure into success through innovation

13.9 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Part V: Engineering Problem-Solving Tools

Chapter 14: Introduction to Engineering Problem-Solving Tools and Using Data

14.1 Introduction

14.1.1 Engineering problem-solving tools

14.1.2 Using data

14.2 Accuracy and Precision

14.2.1 Introduction

14.2.2 Accuracy

14.2.3 Precision

14.3 Rounding and Significant Digits

14.3.1 Introduction

14.3.2 Counting the number of significant digits

14.3.3 Exceptions to the rule: numbers with no decimal point and exact numbers

14.3.4 Reporting measurements

14.3.5 Rounding and calculations

14.4 Measures of Central Tendency

14.4.1 Introduction

14.4.2 Arithmetic mean

14.4.3 Median

14.4.4 Mode

14.4.5 Geometric mean

14.4.6 Harmonic mean

14.4.7 Quadratic mean

14.5 Measures of Variability

14.5.1 Introduction

14.5.2 Variance

14.5.3 Standard deviation

14.5.4 Relative standard deviation

14.5.5 Variability and data collection in engineering

14.6 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 15: Engineering Models

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Why Use Models?

15.3 Types of Models

15.3.1 Introduction

15.3.2 Conceptual models

15.3.3 Physical models

15.3.4 Mathematical models

15.3.5 Other kinds of models

15.4 Using Models and Data to Answer Engineering Questions

15.4.1 Interplay of models and data

15.4.2 Potential errors

15.4.3 Model fits

15.4.4 Using calibrated models

15.4.5 Determining model fit

15.4.6 Are engineering models real?

15.5 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 16: Computing Tools in Engineering

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Computer Hardware

16.2.1 Computer types

16.2.2 Microprocessors

16.2.3 Memory and mass storage

16.2.4 Input, output, and communication devices

16.3 General Computer Software

16.3.1 Introduction

16.3.2 Operating systems

16.3.3 Communications software

16.3.4 Spreadsheet software

16.4 Engineering and Science Specific Software

16.4.1 Introduction

16.4.2 Programming software

16.4.3 Trends in programming software

16.4.4 Symbolic math software

16.4.5 Computer-aided design

16.4.6 Discipline-specific software

16.5 The Internet

16.5.1 Introduction

16.5.2 Structure of the Internet

16.5.3 Uses of the Internet

16.6 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 17: Feasibility and Project Management

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Technical Feasibility

17.3 Engineering Economics

17.3.1 Costs of engineering projects

17.3.2 Time value of money

17.3.3 Calculating the present and future value of money

17.3.4 Uniform series

17.3.5 Engineering economics calculations

17.4 Economic Feasibility

17.4.1 Introduction

17.4.2 Comparing alternatives

17.4.3 Example

17.5 Fiscal Feasibility

17.5.1 Introduction

17.5.2 Bonds

17.5.3 Example

17.6 Social, Political, and Environmental Feasibility

17.7 Project Management

17.7.1 Introduction

17.7.2 Project planning

17.7.3 Project scheduling

17.7.4 Critical path method

17.8 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Part VI: Technical Communications

Chapter 18: Introduction to Technical Communication

18.1 Introduction

18.2 Role of Technical Communication in Engineering

18.2.1 Technical communication as a professional skill

18.2.2 Technical communication and employment

18.3 Misconceptions About Technical Communication

18.3.1 Misconception #1: Technical communication is inherently boring

18.3.2 Misconception #2: Engineering communication is passive

18.3.3 Misconception #3: Technical communication is best left to non-engineering specialists

18.3.4 Misconception #4: Good technical communicators are born, not made

18.4 Critical First Steps

18.4.1 Presentation goals

18.4.2 Target audience

18.4.3 Constraints

18.5 Organization

18.5.1 Outlines

18.5.2 Signposting

18.6 Using Tables and Figures to Present Data

18.6.1 Use of tables and figures

18.6.2 Common characteristics of tables and figures

18.7 Tables

18.8 Figures

18.8.1 Scatter plots

18.8.2 Bar charts

18.8.3 Pie charts

18.9 Creativity in Technical Presentations

18.9.1 Creative conciseness

18.9.2 Thinking visually

18.10 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 19: Written Technical Communications

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Overall Organization of Technical Documents

19.2.1 Introduction

19.2.2 General organization

19.2.3 Abstract

19.2.4 Introduction

19.2.5 Methods

19.2.6 Results and discussion

19.2.7 Conclusions and recommendations

19.2.8 References

19.2.9 Signposting in technical writing

19.3 Organizing Parts of Technical Documents

19.3.1 Paragraph organization

19.3.2 Sentence organization

19.3.3 Word choice

19.4 Grammar and Spelling

19.4.1 Subject-verb match

19.4.2 Voice

19.4.3 Tense

19.4.4 Pronouns

19.4.5 Adjectives and adverbs

19.4.6 Capitalization and punctuation

19.4.7 Spelling

19.4.8 Citation

19.4.9 Other problem areas

19.4.10 Proofreading

19.5 Types of Engineering Documents

19.5.1 Introduction

19.5.2 Reports

19.5.3 Letters

19.5.4 Memorandums

19.5.5 Email

19.6 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Chapter 20: Oral Technical Communications

20.1 Introduction

20.2 Before the Talk: Organization

20.3 Before the Talk: Designing Visual Aids

20.3.1 Number of visual aids

20.3.2 Types of visual aids

20.3.3 Content of visual aids: word slides

20.3.4 Content of visual aids: data slides

20.3.5 Special notes about computer-based presentations

20.4 Before the Talk: Preparing to Present

20.4.1 Practicing oral presentations

20.4.2 Memory aids

20.5 During the Talk

20.5.1 Pre-talk activities

20.5.2 Group presentations

20.5.3 Nervousness

20.5.4 What to say

20.5.5 How to say it

20.6 After the Talk

20.7 Summary

Summary of Key Ideas

Problems

Appendix A: Review of Physical Relationships
A.1 Introduction
A.2 Definitions
A.2.1 Kinematic parameters
A.2.2 Fundamental forces
A.2.3 Other forces
A.2.4 Energy, work, and power
A.3 Decomposition by Vectors
A.3.1 Position vectors
A.3.2 Other vectors
A.4 Conservation Laws
A.5 Gradient-driven Processes

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