User's Guide to the Early Language and Literacy Classroom Observation Tool, K-3 (ELLCO K-3) / Edition 1

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Trusted by schools across the country, ELLCO helps build better literacy programs by assessing the quality of both the classroom environment and teachers' practices. With ELLCO, educators reliably gather the essential data needed for professional development and program improvement that lead to better literacy outcomes for young children. These two NEW editions of ELLCO are even better because they're Age-specific. Assessment is effective and accurate with the new ELLCO editions, designed especially for preschool and early elementary environments. ELLCO Pre-K prompts users to look for preliteracy activities like storybook reading, circle time conversations, and child-originated storywriting, while ELLCO K-3 has been reworked to reflect the evolving literacy skills of K-3 students. Streamlined. Each new edition of ELLCO has just two parts: a classroom observation to gather critical information about 5 key elements of the literacy environment, and a teacher interview, which supplements the observation with educators ' firsthand reflections. Easier to administer. Users will get complete information about conducting classroom observations, scoring accurately, and limiting bias. They'll also get helpful descriptors for all 5 levels of the rating scale. Informed by user feedback. The new editions of ELLCO were created using feedback from the education professionals who know the tool best. With these new editions of the assessment tool thousands trust, preschools and elementary schools will have the information they need to determine the effectiveness of their classroom environments, strengthen the quality of their programs and teaching practices, and improve young children's early literacy outcomes.
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Editorial Reviews

Clinical Professor and Director of Language Acquisition Preschool, Department of Speech Language Hearing, University of - Betty Bunce
"Captures the essence of good teaching where indirect as well as direct styles of interaction are valued and where children are supported in developing their own knowledge."
Professor, College of Education and Human Ecology, The Ohio State University - Laura Justice
"This exemplary resource is a must–have . . . I use it all the time and find the data it provides to be valid and reliable indices of the early childhood classroom environment."
Ethnographer, Consultant for Documentation and Professional Development, Early Reading First grant, Northeastern Illinoi - Cynthia Gehrie
"An organizing and validating instrument that helps classrooms to transform into zones of inquiry and conscious communication."
Executive Director, Early Childhood Leadership Institute - Maurice R. Sykes
"The perfect tool . . . for those of us who seek to close the opportunity–to–learn gap during the early learning years."
The Midwest Book Review
"Offer[s] classroom teachers a fresh approach to developing and promoting the literacy skills of young children."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781557669483
  • Publisher: Brookes Publishing
  • Publication date: 5/1/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 40
  • Sales rank: 1,145,049
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 0.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Christopher E. Smith, M.A., is a research project coordinator at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. He has conducted numerous staff trainings and workshops as a consultant to schools and agencies across the U.S. He is presently working on research that explores the relationships between biological setting events and problem behavior.
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Table of Contents

About the Authors ix

Acknowledgments xi

1 Introduction to the ELLCO K-3 1

Research Literature Base for the ELLCO K-3 2

Key Components of Early Reading 3

Key Components of Early Writing 4

Organization of the ELLCO K-3 5

Underlying Assumptions of the ELLCO K-3 6

Who Should Use the ELLCO K-3? 7

How Does the ELLCO K-3 Compare with the ELLCO Toolkit, Research Edition? 7

Contents of the User's Guide 8

References 9

2 Effective Elements of Early Literacy: Kenny's Story 13

Vignette 1 Entering 14

Vignette 2 Analyzing the Discovery 14

Vignette 3 Reading Group 15

Vignette 4 End of the Day 17

References 18

3 Structure of the ELLCO K-3 19

Overall Structure and Levels 19

Anchor Statements 20

Descriptive Indicators 21

Evidence Section 22

Teacher Interview 23

4 How to Conduct an ELLCO K-3 Observation 25

Guidelines for Observing in Classrooms 25

Scheduling and Duration of Observations 25

Conducting Observations with Professionalism and Respect 26

Preparing for the Observation 26

Taking Evidence and Rating Items 27

Focusing on the Evidence 27

Rating Strategies 27

Avoiding Bias 28

Considering Grade Level and Timing 29

The Teacher Interview 31

Completing the Score Form 31

5 A Review of Sample Items 35

Recording Evidence 35

Understanding the Rubrics 35

From Evidence to Rubric to Rating 39

Example 1 Item 8, Discourse Climate 39

Example 2 Item 15, Strategies to Build Reading Comprehension 42

Example 3 Item 16, Writing Environment 43

6 Using the ELLCO K-3 for Professional Development 47

Tips for Incorporating the ELLCO K-3 into Language and Literacy Practices 48

Step 1 Create a Positive Climate for Teacher Development48

Step 2 Preview the ELLCO K-3 Together 49

Step 3 Conduct an Initial Observation 50

Step 4 Share Results 51

Step 5 Generate Goals 51

Beginning Steps Toward Change 52

Section I Classroom Structure (Organization, Contents, Management, Professional Focus) 52

Section II Curriculum (Integration of Language and Literacy, Independence, Diversity) 53

Section III The Language Environment (Discourse Climate, Extended Conversations, Vocabulary) 54

Section IV Books and Reading (Characteristics, Sounds to Print, Fluency, Vocabulary, Comprehension) 54

Section V Print and Writing (Environment, Instruction, Student Writing) 55

References 56

7 Using the ELLCO K-3 in Research 57

Training 57

Practicing and Calibrating Ratings 58

Interrater Reliability 58

Recalibration in the Field 58

References 59

Technical Report on the ELLCO Toolkit, Research Edition 61

Note for the Reader 61

Psychometric Properties of the Literacy Environment Checklist 63

Interrater Reliability 64

General Statistics 64

Reliability Analysis 65

Measuring Stability and Change 65

Psychometric Properties of the Classroom Observation 66

Interrater Reliability 67

General Statistics 67

Reliability Analysis 68

Measuring Stability and Change 69

Correlation with Another Widely Used Measure 71

Predicting Child Outcomes 71

Psychometric Properties of the Literacy Activities Rating Scale 72

Interrater Reliability 73

General Statistics 73

Reliability Analysis 74

Measuring Stability and Change 74

Correlations Among the ELLCO Toolkit (Research Edition) Measures 75

Addendum 77

References 80

Resources 81

Web Sites 81

Web Resources 85

Research Articles, Books, and Book Chapters 86

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