Vanuatu In Depth: A Peace Corps Publication [NOOK Book]

Overview

Vanuatu is an independent republic consisting of 83 islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It is located about 3,500 miles southeast of Hawaii and about 1,500 miles northeast of Australia. The capital and largest city is Port Vila, located on the island of Efaté. From the late 19th century until it gained independence in 1980, Vanuatu was governed jointly by France and Great Britain.

Archeological and linguistic evidence supports the ...
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Vanuatu In Depth: A Peace Corps Publication

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Overview

Vanuatu is an independent republic consisting of 83 islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It is located about 3,500 miles southeast of Hawaii and about 1,500 miles northeast of Australia. The capital and largest city is Port Vila, located on the island of Efaté. From the late 19th century until it gained independence in 1980, Vanuatu was governed jointly by France and Great Britain.

Archeological and linguistic evidence supports the commonly held theory that people speaking Austronesian languages first came to the islands about 4,000 years ago. Lapita pottery has been found dating back to 3400 BP, and a graveyard dating back to that time was discovered in the Teouma area on the island of Efate. This was the first of its kind to be discovered in the Pacific.

The first island in the Vanuatu group to be visited by Europeans was Espiritu Santo when, in 1606, Portuguese explorer Pedro Fernandez de Queiros spied what he thought was a southern continent. Europeans did not return until 1768, when Louis Antoine de Bougainville “rediscovered” the islands. In 1774, Captain James Cook named the islands the New Hebrides, a name that lasted until independence.

The majority of Vanuatu’s population (78.5 percent) lives in isolated rural areas. The two urban centers have rapidly increased in size, with 15.7 percent of the population residing in Port Vila and 5.8 percent in Luganville. Port Vila, a small but cosmopolitan capital city, contrasts sharply with the rest of the country, with an economy that caters to a significant number of tourists and foreign residents. Much of the tourism economy benefits business owners who come from overseas.

In making the delicate transition from a largely self-sufficient, agriculture-based economy to one that is more market oriented, Vanuatu is at a pivotal point in its young history. While traditional values and kastom (i.e., custom in Bislama) continue to influence society, the pull of the new economy and the lifestyles that come with it have led to a weakened community-based social safety net. The challenge for Ni-Vanuatu is how to strike a healthy balance between the traditional community support system and the rising expectations for jobs, education, health care, and other public services.
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Product Details

  • BN ID: 2940149218356
  • Publisher: Pennyhill Press
  • Publication date: 3/4/2014
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 137 KB

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