Varieties of Ethical Reflection brings together new cultural and religious perspectives—drawn from non-Western, primarily Asian, philosophical sources—to globalize the contemporary discussion of theoretical and applied ethics. The work pushes ethics beyond a Western philosophical tradition tending toward universalism to infuse and broaden modern ethical theory with relativistic Asian ethical principles. The contributors introduce multicultural concepts and ideas from the Chinese Taoist, Confucian and Neo-Confucian, Indian and East Asian Buddhist, and Hindu traditions, focusing on such areas of moral controversy as the clash between women's rights and culture; universal human rights; abortion and euthanasia in a non-Western setting; and the standardization of medical practice across cultures.
Part 1 Introduction Part 2 Ethics in Comparative Context Chapter 3 Self-Fulfillment Through Selflessness: The Moral Teachings of the Daode Jing Chapter 4 Ethical Insights from Chu Hsi Chapter 5 Concrete Ethics in Comparative Perspective: Zhuangzi Meets William James Chapter 6 Preparing for Something that Never Happens: The Means/Ends Problem in Modern Culture Part 7 Ethics in Cultural Context—Variety or Relativism? Chapter 8 Pluralism in Practice: Incommensurability and Constraints on Change in Ethical Discourses Chapter 9 The Moral Interpretation of Culture Part 10 Ethics in a Diverse World of Conflict—Gender, Law, and Medicine Chapter 11 Ethics in the Female Voice: Murasaki Shikibu and the Framing of Ethics in Japan Chapter 12 The Enlightenment Paradigm of Native Right and Forged Hybridity of Cultural Rights in British India Chapter 13 Suicide, Assisted Suicide, and Euthanasia: A Buddhist Perspective Chapter 14 In Extremis: Abortion, Suicide, and Death from a Buddhist Perspective Chapter 15 Good Clinical Practice? Can East Asia Accommodate Western Standards?