Veinte poemas de amor y una cancion de desesperada y cien sonetos de amor

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Overview

Premio Nobel de Literatura

“El más grande poeta del siglo xx en cualquier idioma”. —Gabriel García Márquez

Un gran éxito desde el mismo momento de su publicación en 1924 cuando el autor contaba con tan solo diecinueve años, Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada causó un fuerte revuelo en la conservadora sociedad chilena debido a su franco retrato de la relación del autor con dos mujeres. Se ...

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Overview

Premio Nobel de Literatura

“El más grande poeta del siglo xx en cualquier idioma”. —Gabriel García Márquez

Un gran éxito desde el mismo momento de su publicación en 1924 cuando el autor contaba con tan solo diecinueve años, Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada causó un fuerte revuelo en la conservadora sociedad chilena debido a su franco retrato de la relación del autor con dos mujeres. Se convirtió inmediatamente en una de las colecciones de poesía más leídas, estableciendo a Neruda como una de las más singulares voces de la poesía en español del siglo XX. Incluso leído hoy, sigue sorprendiendo por su sincera descripción del amor y el sexo.
 
Tan pasional y hermosa como Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada, Cien sonetos de amor incluye algunos de los más sensuales e intensos poemas de Pablo Neruda. Aunque publicada treinta y cinco años más tarde, retiene la ingenuidad y la intensa pasión del joven Neruda, mezclada con la sagaz mirada de un hombre que lo ha visto todo.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780307474742
  • Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 1/12/2010
  • Language: Spanish
  • Series: Vintage Espanol Series
  • Edition description: Spanish-language Edition
  • Pages: 151
  • Sales rank: 225,144
  • Product dimensions: 4.20 (w) x 6.30 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Pablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda, seudónimo de Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes, nació en Parral, Provincia de Linares, Chile, en 1904. Pasó la mayor parte de su infancia y adolescencia en Temuco, donde escribió sus primeros poemas. A partir de 1927 ocupó varios cargos consulares, primero en Asia y entre 1934 y 1938 en España, donde se hizo amigo de los escritores españoles de la Generación del 27. En 1940 se instaló en México y posteriormente, regresó a su patria donde, en 1945, fue elegido senador y recibió el Premio Nacional de Literatura. En 1971 fue nombrado embajador en París por el gobierno de Salvador Allende. Considerado uno de los mayores y más influyentes poetas de su siglo, fue reconocido con el Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1971. Tras menos de dos años en París, regresó a Santiago, donde murió en 1973.   

Biography

Pablo Neruda (1904-1973), whose real name is Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto, was born on 12 July, 1904, in the town of Parral in Chile. His father was a railway employee and his mother, who died shortly after his birth, a teacher. Some years later his father, who had then moved to the town of Temuco, remarried Doña Trinidad Candia Malverde. The poet spent his childhood and youth in Temuco, where he also got to know Gabriela Mistral, head of the girls' secondary school, who took a liking to him. At the early age of thirteen he began to contribute some articles to the daily "La Mañana," among them, Entusiasmo y Perseverancia -- his first publication -- and his first poem. In 1920, he became a contributor to the literary journal "Selva Austral" under the pen name of Pablo Neruda, which he adopted in memory of the Czechoslovak poet Jan Neruda (1834-1891). Some of the poems Neruda wrote at that time are to be found in his first published book: Crepusculario (1923). The following year saw the publication of Veinte poemas de amor y una canción desesperada, one of his best-known and most translated works. Alongside his literary activities, Neruda studied French and pedagogy at the University of Chile in Santiago.

Between 1927 and 1935, the government put him in charge of a number of honorary consulships, which took him to Burma, Ceylon, Java, Singapore, Buenos Aires, Barcelona, and Madrid. His poetic production during that difficult period included, among other works, the collection of esoteric surrealistic poems, Residencia en la tierra (1933), which marked his literary breakthrough.

The Spanish Civil War and the murder of García Lorca, whom Neruda knew, affected him strongly and made him join the Republican movement, first in Spain, and later in France, where he started working on his collection of poems España en el corazón (1937). The same year he returned to his native country, to which he had been recalled, and his poetry during the following period was characterized by an orientation towards political and social matters. España en el corazón had a great impact by virtue of its being printed in the middle of the front during the civil war.

In 1939, Neruda was appointed consul for the Spanish emigration, residing in Paris, and, shortly afterwards, consul general in Mexico, where he rewrote his "Canto general de Chile," transforming it into an epic poem about the whole South American continent, its nature, its people and its historical destiny. This work, entitled Canto general, was published in Mexico 1950, and also underground in Chile. It consists of approximately 250 poems brought together into fifteen literary cycles and constitutes the central part of Neruda's production. Shortly after its publication, Canto general was translated into some ten languages. Nearly all these poems were created in a difficult situation, when Neruda was living abroad.

In 1943, Neruda returned to Chile, and in 1945 he was elected senator of the Republic, also joining the Communist Party of Chile. Due to his protests against President González Videla's repressive policy against striking miners in 1947, he had to live underground in his own country for two years until he managed to leave in 1949. After living in different European countries he returned home in 1952. A great deal of what he published during that period bears the stamp of his political activities; one example is Las uvas y el viento (1954), which can be regarded as the diary of Neruda's exile. In Odas elementales (1954-1959) his message is expanded into a more extensive description of the world, where the objects of the hymns -- things, events and relations -- are duly presented in alphabetic form.

Neruda's production is exceptionally extensive. For example, his Obras completas, constantly republished, comprised 459 pages in 1951; in 1962 the number of pages was 1,925, and in 1968 it amounted to 3,237, in two volumes. Among his works of the last few years can be mentioned Cien sonetos de amor (1959), which includes poems dedicated to his wife, Matilde Urrutia, Memorial de Isla Negra, a poetic work of an autobiographic character in five volumes, published on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday, Arte de pajáros (1966), La Barcarola (1967), the play Fulgor y muerte de Joaquín Murieta (1967), Las manos del día (1968), Fin del mundo (1969), Las piedras del cielo (1970), and La espada encendida.

Pablo Neruda died in 1973.

© The Nobel Foundation 1971

Good To Know

Always a political activist, Neruda was an anarchist for a time, but joined the Communist Party of Chile in 1945. He actually ran for president of Chile but eventually left the race to support Salvador Allende.

He had three wives throughout his lifetime: Mar a Antonieta Hagenaar, Delia de Carril, and Matilde Urrutia. He married Mar in 1930, but they divorced in 1936. He lived with Carril from the 1930s until they divorced in 1955 (they married in 1943). In 1966, he married Urrutia.

Neruda owned three homes in Chile that are open today as museums: "La Chascona" in Santiago, "La Sebastiana" in Valpara, and "Casa de Isla Negra" in Isla Negra, where he and his third wife, Matilde Urrutia, are buried.

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    1. Also Known As:
      Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto (real name)
    1. Date of Birth:
      July 12, 1904
    2. Place of Birth:
      Parral, Chile
    1. Date of Death:
      September 23, 1973
    2. Place of Death:
      Santiago, Chile

Table of Contents

Contenido

Los veinte poemas     3

La canción desesperada    33

Cien sonetos de amor    37
mañana    41
mediodía    73
tarde    95
noche    121

Índice de primeros versos    143

Índice general    149

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Customer Reviews

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Sort by: Showing all of 4 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted March 5, 2014

    Una muy buena lectura, esa poesía, la manera de expresar ese sen

    Una muy buena lectura, esa poesía, la manera de expresar ese sentimiento y que estremecía a ese muchacho Neruda. Lo recomiendo el ejercicio de leerlo con su respectiva persona amada y deja un excelente sabor de boca.

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  • Posted May 5, 2010

    I Also Recommend:

    excelent

    excelete, una lectura unica, me encanta....es romantico y a la vez dramatico, cada vez que lo lees encuntras algo nuevo de ese amor desesperado...muy bueno

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  • Posted April 15, 2010

    A great collection

    This is a great collection of poems from one of or possibly the single most famous Chilean poet. Pablo Neruda won a Nobel Prize for Literature with his poetry. He writes poems that are full of depth and passion. You read his poetry and truly feel what he is feeling, even if it is something that you do not usually feel. There is no way to escape his tantalizing imagery. I highly recommend reading them in Spanish if you know it, as the beauty of a work read in its original language is more perfect than any translation can aspire to be. Of course if you do not speak Spanish I would advocate looking for a well recommended translation. I do not personally know of a good translation for Neruda's work since I have always read it in the original language. I would also recommend that you look into another Chilean great, Gabriela Mistral, if you have a chance.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted June 29, 2010

    No text was provided for this review.

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