Versailles: A Novelby Kathryn Davis
Versailles is the story of an expansive spirit locked in a pretty body and an impossible moment in history. As the novel begins, fourteen-year-old Marie Antoinette is traveling from Austria to France to meet her fiancé, the mild, abstracted Louis. He will become the sixteenth Louis to reign in France, and Antoinette will be his queen, hemmed in by towering… See more details below
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Versailles is the story of an expansive spirit locked in a pretty body and an impossible moment in history. As the novel begins, fourteen-year-old Marie Antoinette is traveling from Austria to France to meet her fiancé, the mild, abstracted Louis. He will become the sixteenth Louis to reign in France, and Antoinette will be his queen, hemmed in by towering hairdos, the xenophobic suspicion of her subjects, the misogyny of her detractors, the larger-than-life figures of Mirabeau, Du Barry, Robespierre, and the manifold twists and turns of the palace she calls home.
The novel moves from room to room, from garden to fountain, occasionally breaking into playlets in which we glimpse characters struggling to mind their step in the great ballroom of the world. Driving our tour is the relentless engine of time, that friend to youth, for whom anything is possible. Antoinette gives birth to four children, two of whom will outlive her; she falls in love; she dies at the guillotine. A meditation on time and the soul’s true journey within it, Versailles is at once wittily entertaining and astonishingly wise.
"Elegant . . . a persuasive and sympathetic portrait of Antoinette."Katharine Weber The Los Angeles Times
"Davis has a poetic sensibility, a canny eye for details . . . Davis gives us . . . the stuff of true art."David Guy The Washington Post
"Davis is so skilled at draping . . . gemlike images around her story . . ."John Freeman Minneapolis Star-Tribune
"An elegant novel . . . the voice Davis has given [Antoinette] is by turns sage, mercurial, and ravishing." The New Yorker
A reflective, mysterious novel about human development.
The New York Times Book Review
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Read an Excerpt
My soul is going on a trip. I want to talk about her. I want to talk about her. Why would anyone ever want to talk about anything else?
My soul is a girl: she is just like me. She is fourteen years old and has been promised in marriage to the French Dauphin, who also has a soul though more visible and worldly, its body already formed (so I’ve been told) from layers of flesh and fat. In France they piss into chamber pots made of lapis and dine on common garden slugs. In France their hands smell like vanilla and they shoot their flcches d’amour indiscriminately in all directions, flowing to their taste for books pernicious to religion and morals.
My soul is also powerful, but like a young girl it has wishes and ideasyes! a soul can have ideas like a mind does. “Antonia, Antonia, you must pay attention,” I can still hear Abbé Vermond implore me, waving a book in my face when all I wanted to do was dance dance dance, as if he actually believed that to be light of heart is the same as being light of head.
We traveled in a carriage coated with glass and lined with pale blue satin, beautifully swift, magnificently sprung. The end of April and the clouds compact and quick-moving, the fields turning from pale to deeper green, and the fruit trees’ veiled heads humming with bees. From Vienna to Molck, from the valley of the Danube to the Castle of Nymphenburg, whose inhabitants behaved like swine. Bells pealed all along our route and uniformed men shot off guns; little girls tossed flower petals in our path. The white horses of the Danube were here one minute, gone the next; one minute we slipped into the Black Forest’s long cool shadows, the next out onto a hot sunny plain.
“The world where you must pass your life is but transitory,” or so advised my papa from beyond the grave. “There is naught save eternity that is without end.” In my lap I had my dear little pug, the smell of whose ears will always be sweeter to me than all the perfumes of Araby and the scent of heliotrope combined.
Twenty thousand horses stabled along the road from Vienna to Strasbourgno sooner did one of our steeds begin to lather up and stumble than it was ground into cat meat and a new one found to take its place. Serving women, hairdressers, dressmakers, surgeons, furriers, chaplains, apothecaries, cooks. Each night we managed to consume 150 chickens, 270 pounds of beef, 220 pounds of veal, 55 pounds of bacon, 50 pigeons, 300 eggs.
I was eager to please, though that meant something other than acquiesce to another’s desire. Pleasing meant my own desire: the place where my body and soul met, like the musician’s bow bearing down on the string, teasing a sound out: ah ah ah ah ah!
My soul thought she’d be happy, and then, one day, she’d die.
What does this mean?
One day Antoinette will not exist, though her soul will continue to flourish.
And WHO IS THAT? WHAT IS THAT?
By the time we stopped for supper at the Abbey of Schuttern I had no appetite at all, even though the nuns tried tempting me with pilchards and apricots and kugelhopf; I admit I wept a little. It was the sixth of May; we’d been on the road for over two weeks. From my bedroom window I could see the Rhine, which looked wide and flat and the color of lead, and the light on it looked like the pilchards had, silver and skinny and unappetizing. I heard a door creak, the sound of footsteps. Angry voices arguing below, fighting over the wording in the marriage contract, by which I was to be deeded away like a cottage or a plot of land to the people of France. A fork of lightning over the Rhine, and the Lorelei’s long ghostly arm lifting to meet it . . .
But Mama would never let me get away with such silly thoughts I missed her so much I thought I’d die. “You must eat everything on your plate, Antonia. No picking and choosing. Why have you not eaten all your fish? How many times must I tell you that the child who gives in to foolish fears will never amount to much as an adult. Come here, let me take a good look at you” peering at me through a magnifying glass. “You seem so small for your age. How is your health?” Her white white hair and her white white teeth, one of which she’d had pulled while giving birth to me. Antoinette and a decayed molar, both of us rejected by my mother’s body about eight o’clock in the evening, All Souls’ Day, 1755.
It was getting dark; the moon was coming up over the river. At home Carlotta would be saying her prayers and Maxie sneaking cheese to his pet mouse, poor Anna lying there with her hands folded across her chest like an effigy of herself, unable to stop coughing. Joseph and Christina, Elizabeth and Karl. Amalia, Leopold, Johanna, Josepha. Mama sitting in her private apartments, sipping her warm milk and signing state papers. Her head shorn and the walls draped in black ever since Papa’s death, whiiiiich she recorded in her prayer book, “Emperor Francis I, my husband, died on the 18th of August at half past nine o’clock. Our happy marriage lasted 29 years, six months and six days, 1,540 weeks, 10,781 days, 258,774 hours” despite his numerous and humiliating infidelities.
At least I had my little pug with me, Gott sei dank! Tomorrow I would stop speaking German forever, but not tonight. I could see where we were headed and it was black as pitch.
The approach to Versailles from the east is through forests of royal hunting preservesthe Bois de Boulogne, Saint-Cloud, home to wild pigs and guinea fowl as well as the lesser forms of human lifealternating with stretches of open farmland. Here the wheat is grown that will be harvested in late summer and ground into the loaves of bread that will be viewed with “mystical respect” by the King of France himself.
The baker who bakes bread must do it properly, according to the legal standard, which states that it shall be made of the best wheat on the market or within two deniers of that price. And if it is found to be poorly baked or too small in size, the baker shall pay a fine of five sols and the bread shall be given to the poor . . .
The sky is gray. It is raining. The approach to Versailles from the east is through dense shadowy forests, the branches of the trees heavy and wet and dripping, and behind every tree a wild animal, a cutpurse, a whore. No wolves, thoughthe wolves are all dead and gone, hunted out of existence by Louis XIII, quite the hungry old wolf himself.
Over the Seine and onto the Avenue de Paris, the centermost of the three tree-lined roads comprising the famous patte-d’oie, or goosefoot, that converges at the palace gate. Rain is beading on the gold blade at the tip of each of the gate’s gold rails, beading up and then streaming down to pool darkly, muddily, on the ground. No matter how frugal the reigning monarch, there never seems to be enough money. The fountains appear broken, their basins clogged with debris, and in the gardens several statues have fallen off their pedestals and are lying on their sides in the wet grass like drunkards.
A dark morning and overcast, but on the approach to the chateau no one has lit a single lantern.
The goosefoot was the idea of Le Nôtre, the Sun King’s beloved gardener; he wanted to impress on the landscape the same cross the architect traces in the soil to indicate the main axes of a building. Versailles is actually a little out of alignment. The brass meridian marker traverses the Chamber of the Pendulum Clock diagonally rather than north to south, a fact no one likes to talk about because solar symbolism is crucial to the King’s sense of cosmic destiny. How happy it makes him to watch the sun rise above his forecourt and set beneath his gardens! They extend on either side of the Grand Canal, endlessly unrolling toward the western horizon, where they at last slip through a gap between two poplars and plunge off the edge.
An unfortunate site for the seat of Bourbon power, really: a hillock of unstable sand in the middle of a swamp in a wind tunnel of a valley.
Of course subsequent French theoreticians have embraced the idea of Versailles’s misalignment, perhaps in the same spirit with which they consider frog legs a culinary triumph.
It’s always better to make something out of nothingthat’s the French way.
And then the bed curtains part. How many nights? A thousand and one, give or take a few?
Though instead of telling tales I scratch my husband’s flea bites, the only itch he’ll let me scratch, poor thing. The bed curtains part and in he comes, my very own King of France, just as he did that first night so many years ago, his little eyes blinking uncontrollably in what I took to be a colossal effort to see me in all my tender dishabille, though I now know he was merely trying to stay awake. The sound of wind, of rain pattering onto the leaves of the orange trees, and, even at so late an hour, feet racing up and down the Stairways of the Hundred Steps.
Versailles in the springbeloved Versailles!frogs croaking deep within the basins of her fountains, in the puddles left by the afternoon’s storm. The anguished cry of a star-crossed lover, a few far-off rumbles of thunder like dice flung across a gaming table. All the remembered sounds of my earliest acquaintance with the place, but muffled, muffled, and then, for the briefest fraction of an instant, vivid again . . .
It was my wedding night. I had just stepped out of my bridal gown embroidered with white diamonds the size of hazelnuts. The bed curtains parted and there was my new husband’s face, strangely bridelike itself in its frame of white organdy and displaying the same slack-jawed expression I’d noticed earlier that evening on his grandfather’s face, bored to deathas any sensible person would beby the endless hands of cavagnole and endless trays of hors d’oeuvres, though without the old King’s dark catlike eyes, his interest in female anatomy, my breasts in particular. The old King was looking straight at them as he warned his grandson not to overeat and made no effort to conceal his annoyance when Louis sagely observed that he always slept better on a full stomach.
Which is probably why he chose to bring a plum tart with him into the nuptial chamber, holding it tenderly on his palm like a pet. He took his place on the right side of the bed and, without saying a word, began to cut the tart into many tiny pieces with the same pocketknife I’d seen him use on the Host. Singing off key, a song about the hunt, lalalalala, and then waving the blade in my face, grudgingly, as if to suggest that if I were really hungry I could scrape clean the knifeno thank you!with my teeth.
A tall fellow, Louis, a regular hop-pole, narrowly built and long- boned, though you could hardly tell since the lanky youth he might’ve been if he hadn’t been forced to be King when all he really wanted was to draw maps and forge locks had already gotten swaddled in layers and layers of flesh.
If he seemed sullen on our wedding night it wasn’t so much because he didn’t want to share the tart with me. It wasn’t even the bed he didn’t want to share. It was the life.
Sweet smell of orange blossoms mixed with other less intoxicating smells, smoke in the wall hangings, shit in the hallways. Shit, not excrement, for that is how I am, have always been and always will beI adore the vernacular!
Lean close to a man and you can smell it on him, no matter how diligently he strives to hide it. Lean close and you can also see a constellation of flea bites on the delicate skin behind the ear, but try to kiss him therejust go ahead and tryand he’ll brush your lips away like you’re the flea.
Ma petite puce, I teased, practicing my French, and through clenched teeth he replied, Laissez-moi, which I knew enough to know meant Leave me alone. Not even a flicker of humor, or that widening of the wings of the nostrils that, in my brother Karl at least, always meant he was suppressing a laugh. I crooked a finger and began to scratch first one bite, then another, until I had him moaning with pleasure. Louder, I prompted, because of course I knew they were all there, the Queen’s Guard and a thousand revelers, laughing and drinking and fornicating on the other side of the Bull’s Eye window, waiting for some sign that the Dauphin wasn’t, to use his grandfather’s phrase, a “laggard in the service of Aphrodite.” In those days I was also compared to Hebe, Psyche, Antiope, Flora, and Minerva, though in the case of the last less due to her braininess than the way she started life as one colossal headache.
Eventually I drew blood. Voilr! I said. Just a measly drop or two but once the court laundresses spread the word, let the court gossips draw their own conclusions.
Twenty-eight by thirty-four toises. Thirty-two by forty. Invite carriages into the courtyard. No! Keep the horses out . . .
It was an endearing quality of the Sun King that he couldn’t make up his mind.
From the beginning, of course, he knew he wanted Versailles to be the hub of the universe, and that the original chateau, a modest brick “hunting lodge” built to provide his father with the ideal setting (i.e. as far from his wife as possible) for post-hunt parties and amorous adventures, was really much too small.
On this point Louis XIV and his advisors were in perfect accord: the hub of the universe had to be a whole lot bigger. Where they hit a snag, however, was in determining the limits of filial devotion: just because he was Sun King, the advisors pointed out, didn’t mean his sentimentality should be given free rein, particularly if it meant trying to find some way to cram his father’s chateau into the heart of the new building like a “precious jewel,” rather than tear it down like the architectural catastrophe everyone agreed it was. Tear it down? Louis roared. Am-poss-EEE-bluh! But to have to build around the old chateau would be like building around a sinkhole in a bog, the advisors whined.
It was May 1668. The Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle had just been signed and, as usual after signing a treaty, the Sun King was filled with a deep need either to start another war or begin building a monument to his own brilliance. At such moments he couldn’t be stopped. Go ahead and try tearing my father’s house down, he replied. As fast as you do, I’ll be rebuilding it, brick by brick and stone by stone. At which point the advisors gave up. Okay, they said. Keep the stupid house. Or words to that effect.
But when you insist on cleaving to the past, no matter how enchanted your memory of it might be (through the window a round white moon and a white spray of stars and swaying among the silver branches of the lindens hundreds of yellow lanterns, and a beautiful woman with round white breasts swinging to and fro on a golden swing, playing a lute and singing, il y a longtemps que je t’aime, over and over, t’aime t’aime, as the horses whinny and stamp their hooves on the marble paving stones and the nightingales go chook chook chook . . .) you have to endlessly revise the present to accommodate it.
Construction began in October; the following June the King wrote a memorandum. “His Majesty wishes to make use of everything newly made,” he said, by which he evidently meant that having at last seen what the beautiful and the ugly looked like sewn together (to paraphrase Saint- Simon), he’d changed his mind and wanted the old chateau razed to the ground.
But Kings are almost never left to their own devices, and Louis was lucky enough to have Jean-Baptiste Colbert as his Overseer of Buildings. Colbert, like many cold-blooded people (his emblem was a grass snake), understood the value of collaboration. Immediately he called in his fiddlers threeLe Vau, Le Brun, and d’Orbay and together they came up with the idea of the Envelope, a revolutionary design that sprawled in the Italian manner rather than towering in the French (so as not to dwarf the old chateau but rather to embrace it, albeit diffidently), the excessive length of its walls disguised by the insertion at regular intervals of columns and pilasters, the flatness of its roof by the addition of an ornate balustrade likewise interrupted at intervals by giant sculptures of Kings riding into battle, or by cloaks and flags and sunbursts, or by gods having their way with mortal women. Like a burned-out husk of a palace, observed Saint-Simon. Or maybe more like one whose roof and final story were always just about to be built and never finished. A monument to vastness and constriction. One hundred toises from the Place d’Armes to the first of two ornate golden fences, fifty toises from the first fence to the second, forty-two toises across the Royal Court and up six long steps to the Marble Court, then thirty-four to the front entrance of the Old Chateau, looking less like a precious stone set in the heart of the new building than like the monstrously big head of a monstrously long-armed baby reaching out to draw you in. According to Jean-Baptiste Colbert, this was as it should be: the King’s power had to be monstrous and his palace a grasping triumph of advertising, every gorgeous thing in it, every stick of inlaid furniture, every silk swag or linen napkin, every blown-glass goblet or emerald pendant, of French manufacture.
A toise equals six feet; that is, two manly strides or at least eighteen of the tiny gliding footsteps required to perfectly execute the “Versailles Walk,” in which the soles of a woman’s slippersa queen’s diamond-soled slippers, for example, invisible beneath the hem of her Rose Bertin gownwere made to glide soundlessly across the marble so she’d look like she was floating, like she wasn’t entirely human but part queen, part ghost, in preparation for things to come.
I was a pretty girl; I glittered like the morning star. My red lips would open and it was anyone’s guess what would come out. A burst of song. Something by Gluck, a pretty girl in pain maybe, impaled on the horn of the moon. The Kings of France, starting with Charlemagne. A joke.
You can make yourself remember almost anything, as long as it isn’t too boring.
Louis XIII. Louis XIV. Louis XV.
The Old Rogue. The Sun King. Beloved.
Louis Louis Louis Louis. Louis as far as the eye could see. And what would my Louis be called?
Often when my tutor was talking to me I’d picture my brain like a storm drain in a Paris street, but whenever we put on plays I always took the biggest part and never needed prompting. War broke out after Prussian troops marched into Saxony in August of 1756. War broke out, not, How sweet the breeze, how bright the stars, here in the pine grove.
At a moment’s notice I could dress like a lady’s maid or a courtesan or a Greek goddess. Put on an accent, sway my hips. At a moment’s notice I could assume a new identity, as opposed to being forced to be a witness to history. I didn’t really want to be a witness to anything, except maybe my own life as I watched it play like dappled sun across the faces of friends and loved ones.
Whereas seeing your life reflected in the face of an enemy Madame Du Barry’s face, to be specificis more like enduring an interminable account of, say, the Punic Wars. You are denied a role, your lips criticized for being too thick, your eyes for being without eyelashes. You die before the curtain comes up.
The Du Barry had a lavishly decorated suite of rooms at the palace, linked by a secret staircase to the King’s, and for the most part she remained there, nestled in his lap like a large pink baby, dispensing advice on matters of the gravest political consequence. That she hadn’t a clue, that before she was Louis XV’s mistress she’d been a streetwalker, and not an especially good-looking one at that, was completely beside the point.
The King adored her. “Royal,” she called him. “My thweet.” The lisp was said to be an affectation. On fine afternoons she’d sashay forth to take the air, her Bengali page, Zamor, trailing behind in his pink velvet jacket and trousers and his snow white turban. Sometimes he would protect her big round head from rain or sun with a frilled parasol. Sometimes she would stumble, either because she was drunk, or because she insisted on wearing shoes that were too small, or because her legs were worn out from parting for the King.
Everyone knew he couldn’t get enough of her; needless to say that was all she needed to lord it over me and my poor indifferent Louis. Just as everyone knew she was the sworn enemy of the King’s chief minister, Choiseul, who’d urged an alliance between France and Austria for years, as well as my marriage to the Dauphin.
Boring boring boring. Could it possibly be more boring, aside from the people themselves, or the way I felt myself slipping between events like a goldfish between lily roots?
“The King’s character resembles soft wax on which the most dissimilar objects can be randomly traced,” Choiseul once observed. And in fact, for all his good looks and winning ways, the King wasn’t particularly smart, his three specialties being coffee making, stag hunting, and knocking the top off soft-boiled eggs.
Copyright © 2002 by Kathryn Davis. Reprinted by permission of Houghton Mifflin Company.
Meet the Author
Kathryn Davis is the recipient of a Kafka Prize for fiction by an American woman and the 1999 Morton Dauwen Zabel Award, American Academy of Arts and Letters. Davis teaches at Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, New York and lives with her husband and daughter in Vermont.
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Kathryn Davis beautifully portrays the life of Marie Antoinette in her novel Versailles. From the time she is married to her death on the guillotine. It reads as if Marie Antoinette were relating the events of her brief life now, from heaven when she¿s had some time to think things over. Because she is dead, her perspective is in tangible. Therefore, the book was set up with her wandering in and out of what happened, through prose, poetry and playwriting; conversations at which she wasn¿t present; the many rooms and garden pathways and stairways of Versailles; and the motions of history. It flows perfectly through all the many rooms in the palace of Versailles, and stairs, and the occasional play without skipping a beat. This alive book is full of history and is entertaining, and amazingly live.
I don't think I am sticking out my neck by saying that this book is fascinating and insightful. Although it shouldn't be read as a history lesson, it does provide such lessons obliquely. It reads as if written in French and then beautifully translated into English. If you know French, you can easily reverse-translate it as you go along. See the film "Marie Antoinette" with Norma Shearer right after reading the book.
This is not the usual story told by a historical figure. There's a twist in the way the tale is told. Not that easy to follow, if told be truth. Yet it is intriguing and touching. It's easier to read if you have some knowledge on Marie Antoinette and the French Revolution. I did enjoy this book but I was puzzled at times.
I was hoping for something more historical. This novella seems to be a flippant assortment of tales from the queen's life. While the author is clever in telling the story as a tour of Versaille, the fact that the chapters are no more than 3-7 pages long does not give an ample sense of either Versailles or the wife of Louis XVI. Quite a disappointment. I would not recommend this book.
This book MIGHT be a must for poetic Marie Antoinette fans, but was very hard to follow and sort-of-say boring.
The comlexity of events and personalities that caused the Storm of Revolution to commence in 1789 is far beyond Miss Davis' light weight grasp of the subject. Her fantasy confection gives Marie Antoinette the predictable persona of a XXth century woman from rich suburbs, country clubs and designer boutiques. Is the author inable or simply clueless as to the genuine nature of the Aristocratic and Royal players who inhabited the late 18th century? Perhaps it explains why the characters are of "20th century experience" dressed in and surrounded by a mediocre period stage set. Miss Davis commits a great act of hubris by attempting to suppose the inner thoughts and secrets of this Hapsburg Archduchess who became Queen of France. The many insults and indignities Marie Antoinette suffered ended Oct 1793. It is a blessing that she will never suffer from reading this poorly crafted make believe story.
Nothing new or even very deep. Just a very pretty retelling of the Marie Antoinette story.Something like a ice cream sundae on a hot afternoon
This book is beautifully written, and the author makes it clear that it is a work of fiction. This is not meant as a biography of Marie Antoinette's life, but a fictional account of the goings-on of her mind.
I really enjoyed this book. The language is rich and the images fascinating. Its purpose is not historic, though the title may lead you to think so, but rather poetic. It has an immediacy, a deftness in rendering of thought into form, that makes you feel each word, and revisit sentences and paragraphs as you read.