Vietnam: The History of an Unwinnable War, 1945-1975by John Prados
Pub. Date: 03/24/2009
Publisher: University Press of Kansas
The Vietnam war continues to be the focus of intense controversy. While most people—liberals, conservatives, Democrats, Republicans, historians, pundits, and citizens alike—agree that the United States did not win the war, a vocal minority argue the opposite or debate why victory never came, attributing the quagmire to everything from domestic politics
The Vietnam war continues to be the focus of intense controversy. While most people—liberals, conservatives, Democrats, Republicans, historians, pundits, and citizens alike—agree that the United States did not win the war, a vocal minority argue the opposite or debate why victory never came, attributing the quagmire to everything from domestic politics to the press. The military never lost a battle, how then did it not win the war?
Stepping back from this overheated fray, bestselling author John Prados takes a fresh look at both the war and the debates about it to produce a much-needed and long-overdue reassessment of one of our nation's most tragic episodes. Drawing upon several decades of research-including recently declassified documents, newly available presidential tapes, and a wide range of Vietnamese and other international sources—Prados's magisterial account weaves together multiple perspectives across an epic-sized canvas where domestic politics, ideologies, nations, and militaries all collide.
Prados patiently pieces back together the events and moments, from the end of World War II until our dispiriting departure from Vietnam in 1975, that reveal a war that now appears to have been truly unwinnable—due to opportunities lost, missed, ignored, or refused. He shows how—from the Truman through the Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations—American leaders consistently ignored or misunderstood the realities in Southeast Asia and passed up every opportunity to avoid war in the first place or avoid becoming ever more mired in it after it began. Highlighting especially Ike's seminal and long-lasting influence on our Vietnam policy, Prados demonstrates how and why our range of choices narrowed with each passing year, while our decision-making continued to be distorted by Cold War politics and fundamental misperceptions about the culture, psychology, goals, and abilities of both our enemies and our allies in Vietnam.
By turns engaging narrative history, compelling analytic treatise, and moving personal account, Prados's magnum opus challenges previous authors and should rightfully take its place as the most comprehensive, up-to-date, and accurate one-volume account of a war that—judging by the frequent analogies to the current war in Iraq—has not yet really ended for any of us.
Table of Contents
Note to the Reader
April 1971: Veterans at War
1. A Splendid Little War
March-July 1954: Dien Bien Phu, Geneva, and the Harnessing of American Power
2. Many Roads to Quagmire (1954-1960)
3. Loose the Fateful Lightning (1961-1964)
August 1965: The Last Mystery of the Tonkin Gulf
4. Burnished Rows of Steel (1964-1965)
5. A Hundred Circling Camps (1965-1967)
6. Trampling Out the Vintage (1967)
January-May 1968: Tet Mau Than
7. Terrible Swift Sword (1968-1969)
8. Crush the Serpent under Heel (1969)
9. Dim and Flaring Lamps (1969-1971)
10. Die to Make Men Free (1970)
A New ARVN?
11. Sound Forth the Trumpet (1971)
12. Evening Dews and Damps (1971-1972)
13. Sifting Out the Hearts of Men (1972)
14. The Truth Comes Marching Home
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In recent years with an influx of de-classified information from the U.S, the Communists and memoirs from former S. Vietnamese soldiers and officials, we get a much better and clearer of the Vietnam War and its aftermath. This give rise to the "revisionist" historians who shows the Vietnam War in a much different light, dispelling many of the myths from the left. John Prados' "Vietnam: The History of an Unwindable War, 1945-1975? seems like an attempt to hold back the more accurate view of the Vietnam War and resuscitate the old leftist view of the Vietnam War. Prados argues that America failure in Vietnam was due to the lack of understanding of the Vietnamese revolution. Prados portrayed Ho as a "nationalist", the George Washington of Vietnam. Yet Ho Chi Minh in his twelve volumes "Ho Chi Minh Toan Tap"[Ho Chi Minh Complete Works] documents Ho extensive works for the Third International and even how much Ho was paid each month by Moscow for his works. These documents made it clear that Ho was a devout Communist since the early 1920's and not a "nationalist" forced to allied himself with the Communist. Prados claimed that the Tet offensive was a defeat for the U.S. The bombing of Kampuchea was branded as secret and illegal and the U.S and ARVN incursion into Kampuchea in 1970 to break up North Vietnamese sanctuaries was presented as a move that widened the war. Prados ignore the fact that the Sihanouk was openly helping the North Vietnamese, the Khmer army helps transport weapons and materials for the North Vietnamese. Sihanouk were pay for his "cooperation" of up to 10% of the values of the materials shipped to the Vietnamese Communist forces in Kampuchea. The Khmer Rouge first started arm insurgency in the 1950's under the name Khmer Issarak. The Khmer Communists harass South Vietnamese forces along the Vietnam-Kampuchea border long before the U.S-ARVN Cambodia incursion. If anyone is to blame for the Kampuchea debacle it's Sihanouk, who thought he could "play" his enemies not knowing it was he who was being play. Prados was quick to insinuate that the ARVN was drafting younger recruits although there is absolutely no evidence that the ARVN was using children as a tool of war. However, the North Vietnamese have no qualm in using children as part of their war effort with the creation of the Doi Thieu Nien Nhi Dong Cuu Quoc in 1941 which later become the Doi Thanh Nien Tien Phong. Children were used by the Communists to retrieved bombs and anti-personnel mines with their bared hands,Communist documents boasted about their system of using children soldiers Communist books are full of glorious story about children as young as 8 or 10 killing and dying for Uncle Ho such as "child hero" Ho Van Nhanh near Dong Tam who uses his bare hand to retrieves several thousands mines which he gave to the local guerrillas and they in turn uses it to kill 300 Yankees. Overall, this is book is a poor attempt to push an old, outdated view of the Vietnam War. For an extended look at my book review check out my blog at: http://vpham1.cnc.net/wordpress/