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Violence: The Enduring Problem / Edition 1

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Overview


“Violence and disorder constitute the primal problem of American history, the dark reverse of the coin of freedom and abundance.”—David T. Courtwright

Beginning with a definition of violence and then introducing their primary theme, the interconnectedness of all violent crime, authors Alex Alvarez and Ronet Bachman employ the most up-to-date research, theories, and cases in their broad, interdisciplinary analysis of the patterns and correlates of violence. With a highly engaging writing style, the authors of Violence: The Enduring Problem explore a number of different types of both individual and collective violent acts and examine the linkages, behaviors, ideas, perceptions, and justifications that connect these different types of violence. Inspired generally by the fear of the pervasive violence in the world and more specifically by the recent Virginia Tech massacre, the text also addresses legislative, social, and political efforts to curb violent behavior.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive yet accessible understanding of the nature and patterns of violence: Using an interdisciplinary approach to provide a more thorough and complete analysis of human behavior leading to violence, the book draws from a number of different disciplines including criminology and criminal justice, sociology, psychology, political science, and public health.
  • Highlights commonalities between various forms of violence: Introducing the idea of the “unity of human aggression,” Alvarez and Bachman postulate that acts of violence share a significant number of core defining traits that join them together, such as rationalization or justification by the perpetrator, the predictive nature of past violence for future violence, the “spillover theory” of violence, and the “brutalization hypothesis,” among others. By examining both individual and collective forms of violence the text illustrates the linkages between violent acts.
  • Exposes readers to a wide range of aggressive behaviors: The book includes both contemporary and historical sources to explore a variety of types of interpersonal and group violent crimes, including homicide, assault, rape, domestic violence, robbery, genocide, riot, lynching, and terrorism among others.
  • Offers policy connections and implications: By reviewing legislative, social, and political responses to violence, the authors help readers understand the direct impact of violence on society at large.
  • Boasts extensive pedagogical tools: The text includes tables, charts, photographs, “In Focus” boxes, and other visual aids to illustrate key concepts discussed in the book.
Intended Audience
This is an ideal core text for undergraduate and graduate courses such as Violence and Abuse, Sociology of Violence and Abuse, Violence in America, and Violent Crime in departments of criminology, criminal justice, sociology, political science, and social work.
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Editorial Reviews

John R.M. Lawrence
"This guide provides an excellent overview of the state research on interpersonal violence."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412916851
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 11/2/2007
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 360
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Alex Alvarez earned his PhD in sociology from the University of New Hampshire in 1991 and is a Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Northern Arizona University. From 2001 until 2003 he was the founding Director of the Martin-Springer Institute for Teaching the Holocaust, Tolerance, and Humanitarian Values. His main areas of study have been in the areas of minorities, crime and criminal justice, and the areas of collective and interpersonal violence. He has published on Native Americans, Latinos, and African Americans, fear of crime, sentencing, as well as on justifiable and criminal homicide, and genocide. His scholarship has appeared in edited volumes and a range of journals. His first book, Governments, Citizens, and Genocide (Indiana University Press, 2001) was a nominee for the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences book of the year award in 2002, as well as a Raphael Lemkin book award nominee from the International Association of Genocide Scholars Book in 2003. His second book, Murder American Style (Wadsworth, 2002) was co-authored with Ronet Bachman. In 2009 he published Genocide Crimes with Routledge. He also served as an editor for the journal Violence and Victims, and is an editorial board member for the journals War Crimes, Genocide, and Crimes Against Humanity: An International Journal and Idea: A Journals of Social Issues. He is currently co-editor of the new journal Genocide Studies and Prevention, and also serves as a co-editor of the H-Genocide List Serve Discussion network.

Ronet Bachman, Ph.D., is a Professor in the Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice at the University of Delaware. She is co-author of Statistical Methods for Crime and Criminal Justice, Third Edition. (McGraw-Hill, 2008), and co-editor of Explaining Crime and Criminology: Essays in Contemporary Criminal Theory (Roxbury, 2000). In addition, she is co-author of Murder American Style (Wadsworth, 2002), Culture, Stress and Aggression (Yale U. Press, 2004), and co-author of Violence: The Enduring Problem (SAGE, 2014) as well as SAGE’s successful research methods texts in criminology and criminology and criminal justice. She has written numerous articles and papers that examine the epidemiology and etiology of violence, with a particular emphasis on women, the elderly, and minority populations. She is currently the Co-Pl of a National Institute of Justice—funded study to examine the trajectories of drug-involved offenders 10 years after release from prison using a mixed-method design.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
1. As American as Apple Pie
Chapter Introduction
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
2. Explaining Violence
Chapter Introduction
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
3. Aiding and Abetting Violence
Chapter Introduction
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
4. Assault and Murder: A Continuum of Violence
Chapter Introduction
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
5. Violence in the Home
Chapter Introduction
In-Focus Box: The Story of Amy Jones
In-Focus Box:When Mothers Kill
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
6. Stranger Danger
Chapter Introduction
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
7. Rape and Sexual Assault
Chapter Introduction
In-Focus Box: Rape at the University of Colorado
In-Focus Box: Rape in Prison
In-Focus Box: The Story of Maria--A Survivor of Rape and Genocide
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
8.Mob Violence
Chapter Introduction
In-Focus Box: The New York Draft Riots
In-Focus Box: Vigilantism in Flagstaff
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
9. Terrorism
Chapter Introduction
In-Focus Box: 9/11 and Al Qaeda
In-Focus Box: Portrait of a Terrorist
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
10. Genocide
Chapter Introduction
In-Focus Box: Genocide Convention
In-Focus Box: The Genocide in Darfur
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
11. Towards Violence Prevention
Chapter Introduction
Conclusions
Discussion Excercises
Key Terms
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