Violence as Worship: Religious Wars in the Age of Globalization

Violence as Worship: Religious Wars in the Age of Globalization

by Hans Kippenberg
     
 

ISBN-10: 0804768730

ISBN-13: 9780804768733

Pub. Date: 03/07/2011

Publisher: Stanford University Press

Today's religious violence challenges our understanding of religion. Do we need special notions such as 'cult' and 'fundamentalism' to come to terms with it? Does monotheism, with its claim to exclusivity, necessarily generate intolerance? Kippenberg rejects the idea that violence and religion are inherently connected and instead considers the actions, motives, and

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Overview

Today's religious violence challenges our understanding of religion. Do we need special notions such as 'cult' and 'fundamentalism' to come to terms with it? Does monotheism, with its claim to exclusivity, necessarily generate intolerance? Kippenberg rejects the idea that violence and religion are inherently connected and instead considers the actions, motives, and self-perceptions of real people. He shows that the violent outcomes of the American tragedies of Jonestown and Waco were not inevitable. In both cases, law enforcement, the media, and anti-cult networks believing in the necessity of liberation by force stood in opposition to communities who chose to idealize martyrdom. The same pattern applies to other major cases of religious violence since the 1970s: the Iranian revolution; the birth of Hezbollah in Lebanon; the conflict between Jews, Muslims, and American Protestants that grew out of disputes between Israel and its neighboring states; and the attacks of 9/11. In the age of globalization, religious ties fill the vacuum left by the weakening of traditional loyalties and by states that do not foster social solidarity. Lest we believe we are condemned to a violent future, Violence as Worship concludes with a discussion on prevention. Religion may inspire many conflicts, but it is also a resource that can be mobilized to avert them.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780804768733
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
Publication date:
03/07/2011
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
296
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii

1 Introduction: Violence as Communal Religious Action 1

2 The Growth of Religious Communities in the Age of Globalization 19

3 Conflicts with Alternative Religious Communities in the United States in 1978 and 1993 40

4 Every Day 'Ashura, Every Tomb Karbala: Iran, 1977-1981 56

5 "The Party of God" Intervenes in the War: Lebanon, 1975-2000 76

6 Israel's Wars of Redemption 94

7 Fighting for Palestine as Waqf 117

8 American Evangelicals Prepare the Eschatological Battlefield in Palestine 141

9 September 11, 2001: A Raid on the Path of God 158

10 The U.S. War on Terror: War Without Limits or Borders 182

11 Concluding Remarks: Wars of Religion in the Age of Globalization 197

Notes 213

Select Bibliography 245

Index 279

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