Violence in War and Peace: An Anthology / Edition 1

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"Drawing from a remarkable range of sources, the editors juxtapose the routine violence of everyday life against the sudden outcropping of unexpected, extraordinary violence such as the Holocaust, the Rwandan genocide, the state violence of Argentina's Dirty War, revolution, vigilante "justice," and organized criminal violence." In Violence in War and Peace, Scheper-Hughes and Bourgois offer a thought-provoking tool for students and thinkers from all walks of life. It is an exploration of violence at the broadest levels: personal, social, and political.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“This comprehensive anthology is a must read. Recognizing and understanding the continuum of violence is a critical step in meaningfully addressing the fact that violence is not specific, for example, to war, but intimately woven throughout the fabric of society.”

Jody Williams, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (1997)

“This remarkable work explores the sources and surfaces of violence — public, private, political, symbolic, psychic. Scheper-Hughes and Bourgois transform our most fundamental understanding of what it means to be a victim, an agent, or a witness. In these times of war and violence, this book has a resonance that echoes from the classroom to the state house and the street.” Homi K. Bhabha, Rothenberg Professor of Literature, Harvard University

Violence in War and Peace brings together among the most profound empirical and philosophical texts on modern violence. Scheper-Hughes and Bourgois have created a volume that challenges fundamental issues concerning the crisis of humanity that violence exposes. This critical and politically responsible book should be read by students and researchers alike.”Bruce Kapferer, University of Bergen and James Cook University

"It showcases the great relevance of ethnographic research and writing—compared to other approaches—for thinking about violence and suffering. This collection will be an invaluable resource for teachers and learners, a comprehensive anthology for introductory classes, or a companion volume for more in-depth seminars ... the reader will find some of the best attempts of the best of the last century to translate pain, uncertainty, and absurdity of violence into an at least somewhat understandable format."

Anthropological Quarterly

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Nancy Scheper-Hughes is Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley where she also directs doctoral studies in "Medicine, Science and the Body". As a critical anthropologist and outspoken public intellectual, Scheper-Hughes's lifework concerns the violence of everyday life from analyses of madness among "leftover" bachelors farmers in rural Ireland; the madness of hunger and the experience of mothering in Northeast Brazil; AIDS and sexual citizenship in Cuba, Brazil and the United States; violence, 'truth' and justice in the New South Africa; death squads, democracy, and the execution of Brazilian street children, to the global traffic in human organs. She is best known for her ethnographies, Death Without Weeping (l992) and Saints, Scholars and Schizophrenics (l979, new, updated edition 2000). She has been the recipient of many awards and prizes including a Guggenheim, the Staley Prize, the Margaret Mead Award, the Wellcome Medal, the Bryce Wood Book Award, the Harry Chapin Media Award, and the Pietre Prize.Philippe Bourgois is Professor and Chair of the Medical Anthropology Program at the University of California, San Francisco. His most recent book, In Search of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio (1995) was awarded the C. Wright Mills Prize and the Margaret Mead Prize. He has conducted fieldwork in Central America on political violence, ethnic conflict, immigration and labor relations, and street children and has published several dozen academic and popular media articles on political and intimate violence as well as on substance abuse, inner-city poverty and ethnic conflict.

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Table of Contents

About the Editors
Introduction: Making Sense of Violence 1
Pt. I Conquest and Colonialism 33
1 From Heart of Darkness 35
2 Culture of Terror - Space of Death: Roger Casement's Putumayo Report and the Explanation of Torture 39
3 From Ishi in Two Worlds: A Biography of the Last Wild Indian in North America 54
4 Ishi's Brain, Ishi's Ashes: Anthropology and Genocide 61
5 Tribal Warfare 69
6 From The Bushman Myth: The Making of a Namibian Underclass 74
Pt. II The Holocaust 77
7 Right of Death and Power Over Life 79
8 The Gray Zone 83
9 From Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil 91
10 Initiation to Mass Murder: The Jozefow Massacre 101
11 From This Way for the Gas, Ladies and Gentlemen 109
12 From Maus: A Survivor's Tale, II: And Here My Troubles Began 118
Pt. III The Politics of Communal Violence 121
13 From "Hellhounds" 123
14 From Purity and Exile: Violence, Memory, and National Cosmology among Hutu Refugees in Tanzania 129
15 From We Wish To Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families: Stories from Rwanda 136
Pt. IV Why Do People Kill? 143
16 Behavioral Study of Obedience 145
17 Grief and a Headhunter's Rage 150
18 Why Did You Kill?: The Cambodian Genocide and the Dark Side of Face and Honor 157
Pt. V The State Amok: State Violence and Dirty Wars 169
19 Talking Terror 171
20 Bodies, Death, and Silence 175
21 Living in a State of Fear 186
22 Killing Priests, Nuns, Women, Children 196
23 The Fear of Indifference: Combatants' Anxieties about the Political Identity of Civilians during Argentina's Dirty War 200
24 On Cultural Anesthesia: From Desert Storm to Rodney King 207
25 The New War Against Terror: Responding to 9/11 217
26 Violence Foretold: Reflections on 9/11 224
Pt. VI Violence and Political Resistance 227
27 Preface to Frantz Fanon's Wretched of the Earth 229
28 From On Violence 236
29 Dirty Protest: Symbolic Overdetermination and Gender in Northern Ireland Ethnic Violence 244
30 Who's the Killer? Popular Justice and Human Rights in a South African Squatter Camp 253
Pt. VII Peacetime Crimes: Everyday Violence 267
31 Terror as Usual: Walter Benjamin's Theory of History as State of Siege 269
32 Symbolic Violence 272
33 Two Feet Under and a Cardboard Coffin: The Social Production of Indifference to Child Death 275
34 On Suffering and Structural Violence: A View from Below 281
35 Suffering Child: An Embodiment of War and Its Aftermath in Post-Sandinista Nicaragua 290
36 "The Lower Classes Smell," from The Road to Wigan Pier 297
37 US Inner-city Apartheid: The Contours of Structural and Interpersonal Violence 301
38 Denaturalizing Disaster: A Social Autopsy of the 1995 Chicago Heat Wave 308
39 The New "Peculiar Institution": On the Prison as Surrogate Ghetto 318
Pt. VIII Gendered Violence 325
40 Language and Body: Transactions in the Construction of Pain 327
41 From The Massacre at El Mozote: A Parable of the Cold War 334
42 Gendered and Symbolic Violence 339
43 The Everyday Violence of Gang Rape 343
44 Hooking Up: Protective Pairing for Punks 348
45 Sex and Death in the Rational World of Defense Intellectuals 354
Pt. IX Torture 363
46 From The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World 365
47 From Trauma and Recovery: The Aftermath of Violence - From Domestic Abuse to Political Terror 368
48 The Wet Bag and Other Phantoms 372
49 The Treatment of Children in the 'Dirty War': Ideology, State Terrorism, and the Abuse of Children in Argentina 378
Pt. X Witnessing/Writing Violence 389
50 From Maus: A Survivor's Tale, II: And Here My Troubles Began 391
51 Missing the Revolution: Anthropologists and the War in Peru 395
52 From War Stories: The Culture of Foreign Correspondents 402
53 With Genet in the Palestinian Field 410
54 The Anthropologist as Terrorist 416
55 An Alternative Anthropology: Exercising the Preferential Option for the Poor 420
56 The Continuum of Violence in War and Peace: Post-Cold War Lessons from El Salvador 425
Pt. XI Aftermaths 435
57 The Witness 437
58 Colonial War and Mental Disorders 443
59 From The Soft Vengeance of a Freedom Fighter 453
60 Undoing: Social Suffering and the Politics of Remorse in the New South Africa 459
61 From When Victims Become Killers: Colonialism, Nativism, and the Genocide in Rwanda 468
62 From The Burden of Memory: The Muse of Forgiveness 475
Index 478
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