Virtual Art: From Illusion to Immersion

Virtual Art: From Illusion to Immersion

by Oliver Grau
     
 

Although many people view virtual reality as a totally new phenomenon, it has its foundations in an unrecognized history of immersive images. Indeed, the search for illusionary visual space can be traced back to antiquity. In this book,Oliver Grau shows how virtual art fits into the art history of illusion and immersion. He describes the metamorphosis of the

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Overview

Although many people view virtual reality as a totally new phenomenon, it has its foundations in an unrecognized history of immersive images. Indeed, the search for illusionary visual space can be traced back to antiquity. In this book,Oliver Grau shows how virtual art fits into the art history of illusion and immersion. He describes the metamorphosis of the concepts of art and the image and relates those concepts to interactive art, interface design, agents, telepresence,and image evolution. Grau retells art history as media history, helping us to understand the phenomenon of virtual reality beyond the hype.Grau shows how each epoch used the technical means available to produce maximum illusion. He discusses frescoes such as those in the Villa dei Misteri in Pompeii and the gardens of the Villa Livia near Primaporta, Renaissance and Baroque illusion spaces, and panoramas,which were the most developed form of illusion achieved through traditional methods of painting and the mass image medium before film. Through a detailed analysis of perhaps the most important German panorama, Anton von Werner's 1883 The Battle of Sedan, Grau shows how immersion produced emotional responses. He traces immersive cinema through Cinerama, Sensorama, Expanded Cinema, 3-D, Omnimax and IMAX, and the head mounted display with its military origins. He also examines those characteristics of virtual reality that distinguish it from earlier forms of illusionary art. His analysis draws on the work of contemporary artists and groups ART+COM, Maurice Benayoun, Charlotte Davies, Monika Fleischmann, Ken Goldberg, Agnes Hegedues, Eduardo Kac, Knowbotic Research, Laurent Mignonneau, Michael Naimark,Simon Penny, Daniela Plewe, Paul Sermon, Jeffrey Shaw, Karl Sims, Christa Sommerer,and Wolfgang Strauss. Grau offers not just a history of illusionary space but also a theoretical framework for analyzing its phenomenologies, functions, and strategies throughout history and into the future.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262572231
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
10/01/2004
Series:
Leonardo Book Series
Edition description:
Revised and Expanded Edition
Pages:
430
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Meet the Author

Oliver Grau is Professor for Image Science and Dean of the Department for Cultural Studies at Danube University. He is the author of Virtual Art: From Illusion to Immersion (2003) and editor of MediaArtHistories (2007), both published by the MIT Press.

Table of Contents

Series Foreword
Foreword
Acknowledgments
Ch. 1Introduction2
Ch. 2Historic Spaces of Illusion24
Ch. 3The Panorama of the Battle of Sedan: Obedience through Presence90
Ch. 4Intermedia Stages of Virtual Reality in the Twentieth Century: Art as Inspiration of Evolving Media140
Ch. 5Virtual Art - Digital! The Natural Interface192
Ch. 6Spaces of Knowledge212
Ch. 7Telepresence: Art and History of an Idea270
Ch. 8Evolution296
Ch. 9Perspectives338
References352
Author Index402
Subject Index408

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