Virtual Migration: The Programming of Globalization / Edition 1

Virtual Migration: The Programming of Globalization / Edition 1

by A. Aneesh
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0822336693

ISBN-13: 9780822336693

Pub. Date: 04/24/2006

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

Workers in India program software applications, transcribe medical dictation online, chase credit card debtors, and sell mobile phones, diet pills, and mortgages for companies based in other countries around the world. While their skills and labor migrate abroad, these workers remain Indian citizens, living and working in India. A. Aneesh calls this phenomenon

Overview

Workers in India program software applications, transcribe medical dictation online, chase credit card debtors, and sell mobile phones, diet pills, and mortgages for companies based in other countries around the world. While their skills and labor migrate abroad, these workers remain Indian citizens, living and working in India. A. Aneesh calls this phenomenon “virtual migration,” and in this groundbreaking study he examines the emerging “transnational virtual space” where labor and vast quantities of code and data cross national boundaries, but the workers themselves do not. Through an analysis of the work of computer programmers in India working for the American software industry, Aneesh argues that the programming code connecting globally dispersed workers through data servers and computer screens is the key organizing structure behind the growing phenomenon of virtual migration. This “rule of code,” he contends, is a crucial and underexplored aspect of globalization.

Aneesh draws on the sociology of science, social theory, and research on migration to illuminate the practical and theoretical ramifications of virtual migration. He combines these insights with his extensive ethnographic research in offices in three locations in India—in Delhi, Gurgaon, and Noida—and one in New Jersey. Aneesh contrasts virtual migration with “body shopping,” the more familiar practice of physically bringing programmers from other countries to work on site, in this case, bringing them from India to New Jersey. A significant contribution to the social theory of globalization, Virtual Migration maps the expanding transnational space where globalization is enacted via computer programming code.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822336693
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
04/24/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
208
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Acknowledgments....................ix
CHAPTER 1 Of Code and Capital....................1
CHAPTER 2 Programming Globalization: Visions and Revisions....................14
CHAPTER 3 Body Shopping....................37
CHAPTER 4 Virtual Migration....................67
CHAPTER 5 Action Scripts: Rule of the Code....................100
CHAPTER 6 Code as Money....................133
CHAPTER 7 Migrations: Nations, Capital, and the State....................153
APPENDIX A A Note on Method....................165
Tables....................171
Notes....................175
Bibliography....................179
Index....................191

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