Virtuous Reality: How America Surrendered Discussin of Moral Values to Opportunists, Nitwits, and Blockheads like WI

Overview

This book is for nervous parents, neo-Luddites, kids, journalists, rappers, intellectuals, digital wanna-bes, Webheads, MTV users and banners, Beavis & Butt-head fans, survivors of the 1996 presidential election and buyers of William Bennett's moral fables. Here's some of what it's about:. Public discussions of culture and new media are hysterical, confusing and irrational. We have to start over. We blame our ascending, technologically distributed culture - music, TV shows, movies, computers - for crime, ...
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1997 Hard cover 2nd printing New in new dust jacket. GIFT-ABLE AS NEW, GLOSSY 2nd printing, NEW w/DJ NEW as shown THIS PHOTO Sewn binding. Cloth over boards. 256 p. Contains: ... Illustrations. Audience: General/trade. Read more Show Less

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1997 Hard cover First edition. 2nd printing. New in new dust jacket. Remainder mark. Blue & peach paper over boards. 256 p. B&W photos. Author: "...pop culture, new media, the ... Internet and the technologies driving them all are not destroying civilization, making your kids dumb or causing violence or immorailty. " Read more Show Less

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Overview

This book is for nervous parents, neo-Luddites, kids, journalists, rappers, intellectuals, digital wanna-bes, Webheads, MTV users and banners, Beavis & Butt-head fans, survivors of the 1996 presidential election and buyers of William Bennett's moral fables. Here's some of what it's about:. Public discussions of culture and new media are hysterical, confusing and irrational. We have to start over. We blame our ascending, technologically distributed culture - music, TV shows, movies, computers - for crime, civic apathy and other social woes, while their complex causes and expensive solutions are ignored. Journalism has lost its moral moorings. Its new corporate owners have taken it far from its original purpose, as practiced by Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson, and transformed it into a timid, stuffy, "objective" and increasingly destructive entity. We need to understand the good things the information revolution is bringing and not just wring our hands over the bad. Consider the way interactivity is democratizing the spread of information. How the Internet is transforming science and research. How individuals can now carry on their own dialogues, instead of submitting to the suffocating dictates of three networks and a few newspapers. How citizens have the machinery to join in the discussions of political life. Children need more, not less, access to technology, culture and information. We have been led into a false choice - the old culture versus the new - by shallow politicians and manipulable journalists. Sensible people can pick what they want and need from both cultures, each offering vast amounts of both excellence and garbage.
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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly - Publisher's Weekly
The new media, led by the Internet, is weakening the control news outlets such as newspapers and television have over the delivery of information, observes Katz, who argues that in an effort to retain their influence, the old media guard has criticized the new technologies for lowering the standards of journalism and contributing to the breakdown of morality in America. He further claims that by continually criticizing Generation X, the old guard has helped fuel the culture wars in the country and that the established media should not be surprised that few young people read newspapers or watch TV news. But rather than distancing people from information, the new media is giving people a greater chance to make their voices heard, Katz says. It is this plethora of new outlets that scares not only the old media but conservatives like former Education Secretary William Bennett, who charge that the new media is encouraging today's youths to engage in all sorts of illegal and amoral activities such as gang violence and conceiving out-of-wedlock babies. Katz, the media critic for Wired magazine, rejects those arguments and cites a number of other factors contributing to problems of the young, such as one-parent homes, poor schools and the proliferation of drugs and guns. Readers who are already fans of the new media will agree with much of what Katz writes, but it is doubtful that he will convert those who think the new media is the enemy. (Feb.)
Library Journal
In many ways, Katz has the perfect credentials to write this book. He has been a reporter and editor for the Boston Globe and the Washington Post, a television producer, and a mystery novelist. Now he's media critic with the ultrahip cyberculture magazine Wired. His central arguments are that old media (newspapers, broadcast TV, etc.) can coexist with new media (the Internet and its online cousins), but not without big changes, and that kids are smarter than "mediaphobes" think and are not psychologically damaged by what they encounter in the media. What detracts from his views is an often self-righteous tone and a needlessly nasty edge to his attacks on values guru William Bennett. Only the most complete media and cyberspace collections will find this book to be crucial. For a readable look at the technical side of the media-cyberspace convergence, consult Being Digital (LJ 2/15/95) by fellow Wired contributor Nicholas Negroponte. [Previewed in Prepub Alert, LJ 9/15/96.]-Bruce D. Rosenstein, USA Today Lib., Arlington, Va.
Kirkus Reviews
A preachy, uninspired tract on the technological, moral, and media changes in America, by Wired magazine's media critic.

In his 1995 bestseller, Being Digital, Nicholas Negroponte established a difficult precedent: He showed that a writer for the hip magazine Wired could publish a forward-looking sermon on the digital revolution, and that people would care. Unfortunately, Katz fails in a similar endeavor. His exhortation on media old and new, and the backlash by conservatives against their purportedly nefarious impact on our culture, is redundant, dull, and, in parts, mean-spirited. Early on, Katz identifies his enemy as the Mediaphobe, the conservative moral hand-wringer who fears the changes brought by new technologies. From there, Katz moves briskly through discussions of paranoia about online sexual content, violence in the mass media, the Simpson trial, and the decline of the old media. Along the way, lots of obvious truths are served up as novel insights. For instance, the author presents all of the familiar figures and trends that signify the decline of newspapers. Since there's nothing really new here, Katz has to sharpen his rhetorical sword. The victim is William Bennett, "King of the Mediaphobes," whom he devotes an entire chapter to trashing. Without explaining the mystifying popularity of tomes such as The Book of Virtues, Katz writes that "it's hard to think of more irrelevant exercises for hard-pressed contemporary children . . . than these bloated collections of clichés." The rest of the chapter is just as ruthless, accusing Bennett of moral intimidation and hypocrisy. To be fair, there are some interesting points tucked into Katz's book, like a short discussion of pioneer journalist Thomas Paine and how he might view the Internet were he alive today.

Katz also makes good (but not very original) suggestions to the mainstream media on how it can reform itself. But most of Virtuous Reality comes off as old material repackaged and peppered with some vituperative commentary.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780679449133
  • Publisher: Random House Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 1/21/1997
  • Pages: 212
  • Product dimensions: 5.84 (w) x 8.60 (h) x 0.97 (d)

Meet the Author

Jon Katz
Jon Katz is a media critic and novelist. He is Contributing Editor of Wired Magazine and has written for GQ, The New York Times, Rolling Stone, New York and other magazines. He is a two-time finalist for the National Magazine Award. He was listed as one of the country's most influential media critics in a survey conducted by the Gannett Center's Freedom Forum Foundation in 1995.

He has published five novels. He was formerly Executive Producer of the CBS Morning News and a reporter and editor at The Washington Post, The Boston Globe, The Philadelphia Inquirer and The Dallas Times-Herald. He is the author of the "Media Rant" column on HotWired's The Netizen.

He lives in New Jersey with his wife and daughter, and is at work on his second nonfiction book.

Biography

"I really don't know anyone in media who's been given the freedom I've had to spout off on a wide range of subjects," Jon Katz wrote in his 1998 farewell column for HotWired. As a writer for web venues such as HotWired and Slashdot, Katz has waxed enthusiastic about Internet culture and championed "geek life." As a contributor to Wired and Rolling Stone, he's written articles on technology, politics and culture. And as a book author, he's penned mystery novels, memoirs and more, at the rate of nearly one per year since 1990.

Katz began his career in traditional media, as a reporter and editor for the Boston Globe and Washington Post and as a producer for the CBS Morning News. His experiences in television became fodder for fiction in his first novel, Sign Off, which Publishers Weekly called "an absorbing, well-paced debut" about the corporate takeover of a television network.

Disenchanted with the world of old media, Katz signed on to the cyber-revolution as a contributor to Wired magazine and its then-online counterpart, HotWired. As pundit and media critic, Katz became a prominent voice of the libertarian, countercultural, freewheeling spirit that prevailed on the Web in its early years. After HotWired underwent a corporate transformation, Katz moved to Slashdot, a free-for-all e-zine that allowed him to continue spouting off on a wide range of subjects (for Katz, "open source" is not just a method of software development, it's a metaphor for free expression).

Meanwhile, Katz began a series of "suburban detective" books featuring private investigator and family man Kit DeLeeuw, who operates out of a New Jersey mall. The intricately plotted mysteries serve as "a framework for the author's musings on suburban fatherhood, a subject on which he is wise and witty and honestly touching," wrote Marilyn Stasio in The New York Times.

In 1997, Katz's digital-age pontifications took book form in Virtuous Reality, which tackled censorship, online privacy and the shortcomings of the media. Katz struck a more personal chord with Geeks (2000), a work of gonzo ethnography that follows two computer-obsessed teenagers and their struggle to escape the Idaho boonies. "Katz's obvious empathy and love for his 'lost boys,' his ability to see shades of his own troubled youth in their tough lives, gives his narrative a rich taste that makes it unlike other Net books," said Salon writer Andrew Leonard.

Katz turned to himself as the subject for a meditation on middle age, Running to the Mountain (2000) which chronicles the three months he spent alone in a dilapidated cabin in upstate New York. The result is "a funny, moving and triumphant voyage of the soul," according to The Boston Globe.

Then there's Katz's other pet subject: dogs. In A Dog Year , Katz writes about a high-strung border collie -- a canine "lost boy" he adopted and gradually bonded with. "Dogs make me a better human," said Katz in an interview. Given his recent contributions to The Bark magazine, dogs may make Katz an even more versatile and prolific writer, if that's possible.

Good To Know

Katz is so persuaded of the power of interactivity that he's refused to have his work printed by publishers unless they'll run his e-mail address with it. His published e-mail addresses include jonkatz@slashdot.org, jonkatz@bellatlantic.net and jonkatz3@comcast.net.

After a Slate writer made a disparaging comment about Katz's basement, Katz wrote a column describing the basement office where he works. Its accoutrements include a wooden cherub, portraits of Thomas Paine and Abraham Lincoln, and a collection of gargoyles. A Haitian voodoo "frame thingy" (in Katz's words) graces his computer.

In our interview, Katz told us more fun facts: "I see every movie that comes out, usually alone in a megaplex. I love the New York Yankees because they win a lot. My one brilliant move in life was marrying my wife Paula."

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    1. Hometown:
      Montclair, New Jersey
    1. Date of Birth:
      August 8, 1947
    2. Place of Birth:
      Providence, Rhode Island
    1. Education:
      Attended George Washington University and The New School for Social Research

Read an Excerpt

New York Times columnist Bob Herbert was troubled. He'd encountered a poll showing that 60 percent of young Americans were unable to name the president who ordered the nuclear attack on Japan, and that 35 percent didn't know that the first A-bomb was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Writing in the familiarly schoolmarmish voice that serious newspapers and broadcasters prefer, Herbert fumed that America has become "a nation of nitwits."

In a different context, insulting and stereotyping an entire country might have provoked outrage. But given current attitudes about media and culture, the idea that we are too stupid to make the "correct" informational choices isn't even controversial. Young people, in particular, are routinely portrayed as ignorant, unacquainted with the basic elements of civilization, unlikely to become good capitalists in the global economy, ill prepared to survive in the adult world. The idea is so often repeated by the news media that it's become a widely accepted article of faith, a central tenet of modern journalism: We represent a superior culture; you'll be sorry for abandoning us. Left to your own devices, you'll read and watch moronic and pointless things and your children will go straight to screen hell.

Intimations of these conflicts go all the way back to the turn of the century, but the start of our cultural civil wars probably dates to 1954, when Dr. Fredric Wertham, a respected psychiatrist, told a congressional committee headed by crime-buster Estes Kefauver that comic books were a major cause of juvenile delinquency, violent crime and deviant sexuality. Wonder Woman promoted lesbianism, warned Wertham, and therelationship between Batman and Robin had "homosexual" overtones. Much worse was just around the corner, had the good doctor but known -- the advent of Elvis was mere months away.

A few decades later, we all know the litany: Nobody cares about "real" news anymore. Our standards of literacy, culture and taste have declined past the point of recognition. The tabloids are taking us to hell in an electronic handbasket, obsessed as they are with trashy stories like O.J., Amy Fisher and the Menendez brothers. Our children are mentally deficient, vulnerable to a host of predators lurking out there.

"We are surrounded by a deep and abiding stupidity," Herbert wrote in his op-ed column.

But give him credit for courage: Herbert then sat down, notebook in hand, to venture further than most of his disapproving peers would dare: he encountered the media's reigning cultural antichrist, Beavis & Butt-head. The program and its animated antagonists are a merciless spoof of MTV's own adolescent male audience -- their belches and bad manners, metalhead musical tastes and general revoltingness.

Herbert's encounter turned out badly. He wrote in his column that Beavis & Butt-head was so much worse than anything he could have imagined that he was rendered helpless; he sat before the TV screen in astonishment. "You can't," he wrote, "make notes about Beavis & Butt-head." It's true. You can't. And who but a New York Times columnist would even try? Presidents may sputter and fume impotently over the power of The New York Times, but the two cartoon creeps from MTV had reduced one of the paper's most prominent writers to bewildered paralysis.

Herbert's denunciation was quickly eclipsed, however, by subsequent alarms and attacks. A few months later, Senator Robert Dole gave his instantly famous "Hollywood" speech, signaling that popular culture would be a central issue in his presidential campaign. "A line has been crossed," he said, "not just of taste, but of human dignity and decency. You know what I mean. I mean Natural Born Killers. True Romance. Films that revel in mindless violence and loveless sex." (Independence Day, he subsequently declared, passed muster as sufficiently uplifting and patriotic. That it depicted the destruction of America's major cities did not seem to trouble him.)

Dole's speech was recognized as a formal declaration of war. Popular culture long ago stopped being viewed as mere entertainment; it's become a battleground.

The speech coincided, perhaps not accidentally, with a strange but skillful public campaign by two unlikely partners: African-American civil rights activist C. Dolores Tucker and conservative moral guardian William Bennett joined forces to attack Time Warner executives because the company's music division, especially its Interscope subsidiary, presented such controversial rap artists as Tupac Shakur and Snoop Doggy Dogg. One Wall Street analyst predicted that Tucker and Bennett's attacks on Warner Music would significantly destabilize the global music business. Shortly afterward, Time Warner announced that Interscope was for sale.

There was lots more. In a special report from Harvard's Neiman Foundation, one of the news media's most prestigious and influential gathering places, Neiman curator William Kovach wrote that radio and television companies, newspapers and newsmagazines had grown comfortable, if not complacent. "As if from nowhere, the great convergence of technology has blown that world apart," he lamented. "Today it seems anyone and everyone, from the phone company to a computer hacker in Oslo, is in the business of making news available."

The entry of "anyone and everyone" into the news business, primarily via cable and computer technology, has shaken the old order right down to its wingtips. For much of this century, news has been controlled by a handful of newspapers, newsmagazines and, more recently, broadcast networks. If citizens didn't like what they read or saw, they could write letters of complaint. A few paragraphs might get printed, or the writers might receive an innocuous form letter in return. Period. Consumers had no real access to media.

That has changed, suddenly and radically. Now anybody with a VCR, cable box or computer is a miniature media tycoon, a little Bill Paley. Millions of Americans are faxing, e-mailing and calling voice-mail boxes to sound off on every conceivable political issue. Tens of thousands of idiosyncratic Web sites and home pages have sprung up on the global computer network, the Internet. This is more freedom of the press than journalists conceive of in their worst nightmares.

The different ways in which information now travels seem to be sending much of the country into a kind of cultural nervous breakdown. Americans have an extraordinary love-hate relationship with the rich culture they've created. They buy, watch and read it even as they ban, block and condemn it.

That censorship almost never prevails against the new cultural forms it's designed to protect us from seems to escape our collective memory.

Take the baby boomers who embraced rock and roll, protested the Vietnam War and led the rebellions of the sixties. Now parents themselves -- and on edge after years of media warnings about crib death, child snatching, Lyme disease, sexual molestation and other perils, both real and inflated -- they're in a near panic about their children's safety. New forms of media are not exciting opportunities to be explored but simply additional dangers to be added to the list.

It seems they were only kidding about the Revolution. On the whole, they are at least as reflexively disapproving as their own parents were, joining forces with William Bennett and other self-serving blockheads to fuss about how tacky and dangerous popular culture is, clucking endlessly about Bart Simpson and Melrose Place.

With the vocal support of consummate boomer Bill Clinton, Congress came up with the now notorious Communications Decency Act (CDA), which was quickly and resoundingly overturned by the federal courts, and a technological fix -- the "V" (for "violence") computer chip, to be installed in all American television sets so that parents can block programs they don't want children to see. If parents think programming VCRs is tricky, wait till they set out to program control of the hundreds of thousands of hours of TV programming that now beam into households on schedules that vary weekly. The country's biggest provider of online computer services, America Online, has announced "blocking" software to "empower parents" to control what their children see via the Internet. A number of other high-tech firms are marketing software to limit kids' Internet access.

"Americans Despair of Popular Culture," reported a New York Times headline in 1995. A survey commissioned by the paper found that far more Americans -- 21 percent -- cited TV as the primary cause of teenage violence than blamed any other factor, including inadequate education, deteriorating family structures or drugs.

Meanwhile, Time magazine was publishing the results of a bitterly controversial survey on Internet pornography. Time's cover showed a wild-eyed, terrified child over a "Cyberporn" headline: "A New Study Shows How Pervasive and Wild It Really Is. Can We Protect Our Kids and Free Speech?" The number of broadcasts, articles and books decrying the dangers of new technology and new media must by now be well into the tens of thousands.

The 1990s are the decade of the Mediaphobe.
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Table of Contents

Introduction
1 A Brief and Idiosyncratic History 3
2 Enter the Mediaphobe - Stage Right and Stage Left 13
3 King of the Mediaphobes 21
4 The Big Ideas 39
5 Let's Talk (Calmly) about Talking Dirty 71
6 ... And about Violence 89
7 Media Then: Thomas Paine 109
8 Media Now: The Simpson Trial 129
9 Looking Forward 153
10 The Sensible Person 165
11 The Rights of Children 173
12 A Final Word 199
Index 203
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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 1, 2000

    Katz is one of America's most insightful media critics

    When you see the name Jon Katz, Todd Gitlin, Jeff Greenfield or Neil Postman attached to an article or book, drop everything you're doing and buy the magazine with the article or the book with the name. These men each have their finger on the pulse of America's media culture. Their writings are insightful, penetrating, witty and engaging. After reading my first Jon Katz book, VIRTUOUS REALITY, I was hooked. He brilliantly exposed the blowhard Bill Bennett for the bully and pseudointellectual he is. All of Katz' media books are gems as well as his columns for the Freedom Forum <www.freedomforum.org>.

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