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Virus dynamics: Mathematical principles of immunology and virology / Edition 1
     

Virus dynamics: Mathematical principles of immunology and virology / Edition 1

by Martin A. Nowak, Robert May
 

ISBN-10: 0198504179

ISBN-13: 9780198504177

Pub. Date: 01/25/2001

Publisher: Oxford University Press

We know, down to the tiniest details, the molecular structure of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Yet despite this tremendous accomplishment, and despite other remarkable advances in our understanding of individual viruses and cells of the immune system, we still have no agreed understanding of the ultimate course and variability of the pathogenesis of AIDS.

Overview

We know, down to the tiniest details, the molecular structure of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Yet despite this tremendous accomplishment, and despite other remarkable advances in our understanding of individual viruses and cells of the immune system, we still have no agreed understanding of the ultimate course and variability of the pathogenesis of AIDS. Gaps in our understanding like these impeded our efforts towards developing effective therapies and preventive vaccines. The authors describe the emerging field of theoretical immunology in this accessible and well-written text. Using mathematical modelling techniques, the authors set out their ideas about how populations of viruses and populations of immune system cells may interact in various circumstances, and how infectious diseases spread within patients. They explain how this approach to understanding infectious diseases can reveal insights into the dynamics of viral and other infections, and the interactions between infectious agents and immune responses. The book is structured around the examples of HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B virus, although the approaches described will be more widely applicable. The authors use mathematical tools to uncover the detailed dynamics of the infection and the dynamics of immune responses, viral evolution, and mutation. The practical implications of this work for optimization of the design of therapy and vaccines are discussed. The book concludes with a glance towards the future of this fascinating, and potentially highly useful, field of study.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780198504177
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
01/25/2001
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
8.90(w) x 5.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

1. Introduction: viruses, immunity, equations
2. HIV
3. The basic model of virus dynamics
4. Anti-viral drug therapy
5. Dynamics of hepatitis B virus
6. Dynamics of immune responses
7. How fast do immune responses eliminate infected cells?
8. What is a quasispecies?
9. The frequency of resistant mutant virus before anti-viral therapy
10. Emergence of drug resistance
11. Timing the emergence of resistance
12. Simple antigenic variation
13. Advanced antigenic variation
14. Multiple epitopes
15. Everything we know so far and beyond
Appendix A: Dynamics of resistance in different types of infected cells
Appendix B: Analysis of multiple epitope dynamics
References
Index

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