Vision Loss in Older Adults: Nursing Assessment and Care Management

Vision Loss in Older Adults: Nursing Assessment and Care Management

by Susan Houde
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0826102182

ISBN-13: 9780826102188

Pub. Date: 09/18/2006

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

Springer Publishing is happy to note the use of this title in the Nursing Education of America CEU classes!

This helpful and practical book provides an overview of vision problems in the older adult, ranging from retinopathies and age-related macular degeneration to cataracts and diabetic retinopathy. The contributions outline the prevention, assessment,

Overview

Springer Publishing is happy to note the use of this title in the Nursing Education of America CEU classes!

This helpful and practical book provides an overview of vision problems in the older adult, ranging from retinopathies and age-related macular degeneration to cataracts and diabetic retinopathy. The contributions outline the prevention, assessment, and management of the major causes of vision loss, supplying nurses with information about the psychological and social impact of vision loss on the older adult and their families. The chapters further discuss resources and assistive devices for those affected and conclude with a look at innovations in the treatment of conditions contributing to vision loss in the older adult population.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780826102188
Publisher:
Springer Publishing Company
Publication date:
09/18/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
232
Product dimensions:
6.04(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.49(d)

Table of Contents

    Contributors

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

  1. Vision Loss in the Older Adult: An Introduction, Susan Crocker Houde
  2. Impact of Vision Loss

    Ocular and Visual Changes with Aging

    Causes of Age-Related Vision Loss

    • Age-related macular degeneration

    The Role of the Professional Nurse: An Overview
  3. Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Ruth Remington
  4. Pathophysiology

    • AMD
    • Risk Factors

    Symptoms

    Diagnosis

    Medical Management

    • Antioxidant and Zinc Supplements
    • Laser Photocoagulation
    • Photodynamic Therapy
    • Procedures under Investigation

    Conclusion
  5. Cataracts, Pat Gillett, Kate Goldblum, and Joyce Powers
  6. Introduction

    Pathophysiology and Etiology

    Signs and Symptoms

    Diagnosis

    • Minimum evaluation
    • Additional evaluation

    Medical and Surgical Management

    • General considerations
    • Medical management
    • Surgical management

    Summary
  7. Glaucoma, Arlene McGrory
  8. Diagnosis

    • Intraocular Pressure
    • Optic Neuropathy
    • Visual Field Defects

    Pathophysiology and Risk Factors

    • Open-Angle Glaucoma
    • Angle-Closure Glaucoma

    Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma

    Early Detection of Glaucoma

    • Focused Health History in an Older Adult with Glaucoma
    • Eye Examination for the Detection of Glaucoma

    Referral to an Ophthalmologist

    Medical Management

    Laser Procedures

    Surgical Management

    Nurse's role in treatment

  9. Retinopathies, Judy Pentedemos
  10. Epidemiology

    • Diabetic Retinopathy
    • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Anatomy

    Diabetic Retinopathy

    • Pathophysiology of Diabetic Retinopathy
    • Assessing for Diabetic Retinopathy
    • Classification of Diabetic Retinopathy

    Hypertensive Retinopathy

    • Pathophysiology of Hypertensive Retinopathy
    • Assessing for Hypertensive Retinopathy

    Diagnostic Testing for Retinopathies

    Management of Retinopathies

    • Diabetes Management
    • Hypertension Management

    Surgical Interventions

    • Panretinal Photocoagulation, Focal Photocoagulation, Vitrectomy

    Conclusion
  11. Prevention of Age-related Vision Loss, Susan Crocker Houde
  12. Prevention of Diabetic Retinopathy

    Prevention of Cataracts

    • Sunlight Exposure
    • Cigarette Smoking
    • Antioxidants

    Prevention of Age-related Macular Degeneration

    • Antioxidants
    • Cigarette Smoking
    • Sunlight Exposure
    • Fats, Cholesterol, and Fish Intake
    • Statins and Aspirin Therapy

    Prevention of Glaucoma

    Conclusion

  13. Psychological and Social Impact of Age-Related Vision Loss, Karen Devereaus Melillo
  14. Psychological Impact

    Experience of Vision Loss

    Social Impact of Age-Related Vision Loss

    Successful Aging and Quality of Life with Vision Loss

  15. Nursing Care of Older Adults with Age-related Vision Loss, Pamela Z. Cacchione
  16. Vision Assessment

    • Vision Health History
    • Assessment of Visual Acuity
    • Assessment of Contrast Sensitivity
    • Assessment of Fields of Vision

    Nursing Models of Care for the Visually Impaired

    • Nagi Disablement Process Model
    • The Sensory Enhancement Model
    • Individualized Sensory Enhancement for the Elderly (I-SEE)

    Nursing Care of Eye Emergencies

    • Retinal Detachment
    • Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma
    • Temporal Arteritis
    • Cataract Surgery Complications

    Nursing Care by Setting

    • Home Care
    • Out Patient Clinic
    • Acute Care
    • Long-Term Care

    Care Planning for the Visually Impaired Older Adult
  17. Case Study

    • Meet Ms. V
    • Dual Sensory Impairment
    • Interdisciplinary Care

    Preventing Disability and Dire Outcomes of Low Vision in Older Adults
  18. Supporting Families of Older Adults with Age-related Vision Loss, Catherine S. Sackett and Betsy Campochiaro
  19. How Impaired Vision Affects Daily Life

    Emotions and Vision loss

    Why Should the Family be Part of the Treatment Team?

    How Can the Family Help?

    • The Scope of the Problem
    • Intervention Planning
    • Independence Needs
    • Socialization Needs
    • Finances
    • Safety Issues
    • Cooking
    • Cleaning

    The Health of the Family- the Process of Family Evaluation

    • Identifying the Caregiver
    • The invisible Caregivers: Children

    Effects of Caregiving on Health and Well-Being

    • Emotional stress
    • Anxiety
    • Multiple Roles
    • Depression

    What Helps Family Members?

    • Positive Aspects of Caregiving
    • Support Groups

    Seeking Support Effectively

    • Informal Help

    Formal Help

    • Provider Support
    • Respite Care
    • Occupational Therapy
    • Transportation

    Summary
  20. Assistive Devices and Resources for Older Adults with Age-Related Vision Loss, Betsy Campochiaro and Catherine Sackett
  21. Low Vision Rehabilitation

    What is Low Vision?

    The Referral Process

    The Rehabilitation Team

    The Low Vision Assessment and Plan

    Aids and Techniques

    • Sighted Guide
    • Canes and Guide Dogs
    • Optical Aids

    Non-Optical Aids

    The Nurses Role in Education and Support

    Resources

  22. Future Directions in the Care of Older Adults with Age-Related Vision Loss, Kate Goldblum, Pat Gillett, and Joyce Powers
  23. Age-Related Macular Degeneration

    • Recent Developments in Treatment
    • Therapeutic Options for the Future
    • Nursing Implications

    Cataracts

    • Recent Developments in Treatment
    • Therapeutic Options for the Future
    • Nursing Implications

    Glaucoma

    • Recent Developments in Treatment
    • Therapeutic Options for the Future
    • Nursing Implications

    Diabetic Retinopathy

    • Recent Developments in Treatment
    • Therapeutic Options for the Future
    • Nursing Implications

    Summary

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