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The neurobiology and psychology of attention have much to learn from each other. Neurobiologists recognize that responses in sensory cortex depend on the behavioral relevance of a stimulus, but have few ways to study how perception changes as a result. Psychologists have the conceptual and methodological tools to do just that, but are confounded by the multiple interpretations and theoretical ambiguities. This book attempts to bridge the two fields and to derive a comprehensive theory of attention from both neurobiological and psychological data.
It highlights situations where attention can be seen to alter both neural activity and psychophysical performance/phenomenal experience. This "bicultural" approach contributes not only to attention research but to the larger goal of linking neural activity to conscious experience.
The book focuses mainly on the effects of visual attention on the ventral and dorsal streams of visual cortex in humans and monkeys and the associated changes in visual performance. Several larger findings emerge: attention may involve more than one neural system; attention modulates all stages of cortical visual processing; the effect of attention is constrained by the intrinsic connectivity of cortex and the resulting contextual interactions; and the notion of a "saliency map" remains central to thinking about visual attention. The book also considers several approaches to evaluating the same variable through different methods, such as behavioral measurements, functional imaging, and single-unit recording.
Contributors: Narcisse P.
Bichot, Erik Blaser, Geoffrey M. Boynton, Jochen Braun, Maurizio Corbetta, Sean M.
Culhane, Florin Cutzu, Sophie Deneve, Robert Desimone, John Duncan, Sunil P. Gandhi,Charles D. Gilbert, David J. Heeger, James W. Holsapple, Alexander C. Huk, Minami Ito, Laurent Itti, Christof Koch, Peter E. Latham, Nilli Lavie, D. Kathleen Lee,Zhong-Lin Lu, John H.R. Maunsell, Carrie J. McAdams, Brad C. Motter, Alexandre Pouget, Adam Reeves, John H. Reynolds, Jeffrey D. Schall, Christian Scheier,Shinsuke Shimojo, Gordon L. Shulman, George Sperling, Kirk G. Thompson, John K.
Tsotsos, Katsumi Watanabe, Erich Weichselgartner, Gerald Westheimer.
|1||Imaging Expectations and Attentional Modulations in the Human Brain||1|
|2||Neuronal Correlates of Attention in Human Visual Cortex||25|
|3||Capacity Limits in Selective Attention: Behavioral Evidence and Implications for Neural Activity||49|
|4||Frontal Lobe Function and the Control of Visual Attention||69|
|5||Attentional Modulation of Contextual Influences||89|
|6||Effects of Attention on the Responsiveness and Selectivity of Individual Neurons in Visual Cerebral Cortex||103|
|7||Neural Mechanisms of Attentional Selection||121|
|8||From Attention to Action in Frontal Cortex||137|
|9||Separating Attention from Chance in Active Visual Search||159|
|10||Two Computational Models of Attention||177|
|11||Perceptual Consequences of Multilevel Selection||215|
|12||The Resolution of Ambiguous Motion: Attentional Modulation and Development||243|
|13||The Relevance of Fisher Information for Theories of Cortical Computation and Attention||265|
|14||From Foundational Principles to a Hierarchical Selection Circuit for Attention||285|