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This book follows a unique approach by placing a greater emphasis on visual learning as a means for environmental scientists to understand and connect with the central issues of environmental science. It vividly illustrates the overarching role that humans play in our planet's environmental problems and successes. In each chapter, What a Scientist Sees features are presented to highlight a concept or phenomenon from the perspective of a professional in the field. Process diagrams are also used to depict complex processes. Environmental scientists will be able to reinforce their understanding of the field and gain new insights with this second edition.
1. The Environmental Challenges We Face.
Introduction: A World in Crisis.
Human Impacts on the Environment.
Sustainability and Earthâs Capacity to Support Humans.
How We Handle Environmental Problems.
Case Study: The New Orleans Disaster.
2. Environmental Sustainability and Human Values.
Introduction: The Global Commons.
Human Use of the Earth.
Human Values and Environmental Problems.
An Overall Plan for Sustainable Living.
Case Study: Jakarta, Indonesia.
3. Environmental History, Politics, and Economics.
Introduction: Old Growth Forest of the Pacific Northwest.
Conservation and Preservation of Resources.
Case Study: Environmental Problems in Central and Eastern Europe.
4. Risk Analysis and Environmental Health Hazards.
Introduction: Pesticides and Children.
A Perspective on Risks.
Environmental Health Hazards.
Movement and Fate of Toxicants.
How We Determine the Health Effects of Pollutants.
The Precautionary Principle.
Case Study: Endocrine Disrupters.
5. How Ecosystems Work.
Introduction: Lake Victoriaâs Ecological Imbalance.
What is Ecology?
The Flow of Energy Through Ecosystems.
The Cycling of Matter in Ecosystems.
Interactions Among Organisms.
Case Study: Global Climate Change: Is There an Imbalance in the Carbon Cycle?
6. Ecosystems and Evolution.
Introduction: The Florida Everglades.
Earthâs Major Biomes.
Population Responses to Changing Conditions Over Time: Evolution.
Community Responses to Changing Conditions over Time: Succession.
Case Study: Wildfires.
7. Human Population Change and the Environment.
Introduction: Slowing Population Growth in China.
Human Population Patterns.
Demographics of Countries.
Stabilizing World Population.
Population and Urbanization.
Case Study: Urban Planning in Curitiba, Brazil.
8. Air and Air Population.
Introduction: Long-Distance Transport of Air Pollution.
Types and Sources of Air Pollution.
Effects of Air Pollution.
Controlling Air Pollutants.
Indoor Air Pollution.
Case Study: Curbing Air Pollution in Chattanooga.
9. Global Atmospheric Changes.
Introduction: Melting Ice and Rising Sea Levels.
The Atmosphere and Climate.
Global Climate Change.
Ozone Depletion in the Stratosphere.
Case Study: International Implications of Global Climate Change.
10. Freshwater Resources and Water Pollution.
Introduction: The Missouri River: A Battle Over Water Rights.
The Importance of Water.
Improving Water Quality.
Case Study: Water Pollution in the Great Lakes.
11. The Ocean and Fisheries.
Introduction: Depleting Bluefin Tuna Stocks.
The Global Ocean.
Major Ocean Life Zones.
Human Impacts on the Ocean.
Addressing Ocean Problems.
Case Study: Humans and the Antarctic Food Web.
12. Mineral and Soil Resources.
Introduction: Copper Basin, Tennessee.
Plate Tectonics and The Rock Cycle.
Economic Geology: Useful Minerals.
Environmental Implications of Mineral Use.
Soil Properties and Processes.
Soil Problems and Conservation.
Case Study: Industrial Ecosystems.
13. Land Resources.
Introduction: Korup National Park.
Land Use in the United States.
National Parks and Wilderness Areas.
Conservation of Land Resources.
Case Study: The Tongas Debate Over Clear-Cutting.
14. Agriculture and Food Resources.
Introduction: Maintaining Grain Stockpiles for Food Security.
World Food Problems.
The Principle Types of Agriculture.
Challenges of Agriculture.
Solutions to Agriculture Problems.
Controlling Agriculture Pests.
Case Study: DDT and the American Bald Eagle.
15. Biological Resources.
Introduction: Disappearing Frogs.
Species Richness and Biological Diversity.
Endangered and Extinct Species.
Conservation Policies and Laws.
Case Study: Reintroducing the California Condor.
16. Solid and Hazardous Waste.
Introduction: Reusing and Recycling Old Automobiles.
Reducing Solid Waste.
Managing Hazardous Waste.
Case Study: High-Tech Waste.
17. Nonrenewable Energy Resources.
Introduction: Addiction to Oil.
Oil and Natural Gas.
Case Study: The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
18. Renewable Energy Resources.
Introduction: Cleaner Cars, Cleaner Fuels.
Direct Solar Energy.
Indirect Solar Energy.
Other Renewable Energy Sources.
Energy Solutions: Conservation and Efficiency.
Case Study: Green Architecture.