Vitamin A Deficiency: Health, Survival, and Vision / Edition 1

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Overview


Many studies over the past decade and a half have indicated that vitamin A status is an important determinant of health. The World Bank now estimates that vitamin A intervention programs are some of the most cost-effective health strategies globally. This new book, written by leading investigators in the field, is the first to synthesize the many important studies to date. The authors identify and quantify the biological, clinical and public health impact of vitamin A deficiency on childhood growth, mortality and morbidity, including anemia and blindness. They deal with the epidemiologic and biological basis of these findings, and with the prevention and treatment of these disorders, particularly of measles, diarrhea and xeorophthalmia. Alternative approaches to identifying individuals and populations in need of intervention, alternative strategies for improving vitamin A and carotenoids, and the relationship between vitamin A and immunity are discussed. This comprehensive volume on a critically important and widespread nutritional deficiency will serve as a unique resource for nutritionists, physicians, public health workers and policy makers, and will be especially relevant to clinicians and researchers in international health.

The book contains predominantly black-and-white illustrations, with some color illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: John W. Chandler, MD, FACS (University of Washington School of Medicine)
Description: This is a comprehensive, scholarly, and scientifically sound description of the current understanding of this important, preventable condition. The authors nicely weave a very readable story with the vast scientific literature on the subject.
Purpose: The book discusses vitamin A deficiency in the context of child health and survival and clearly describes measures to prevent up to 10 million cases of blindness and save a million or more lives each year. The authors so clearly and convincingly describe the consequences of vitamin A deficiency that its prevention should be the paramount goal of leaders throughout the world.
Audience: Dr. Sommer is a noted authority on this subject and has conducted seminal research on vitamin A deficiency. His description of the goal and intended audience for the book is as follows: "That this book will prove useful to pediatricians, nutritionists, ophthalmologists, scientists and public health practitioners and officials engaged in designing and implementing programs aimed at curbing vitamin A deficiency and its consequences and reducing the terrible and needless loss of sight and life." It cannot be said any better.
Features: Much scientific data are shown in figures and tables. Thirty-two color plates superbly document the ocular consequences of vitamin A deficiency. Each chapter is extensively referenced with historic and contemporary papers. The book is divided into sections on the consequences of vitamin A deficiency, mechanisms, treatment, and assessment and prevention. The detailed table of contents makes it easy to find specific subjects.
Assessment: For individuals with an interest in any aspect of vitamin A deficiency or a broad interest in public health or child health, this is an important book. Drs. Sommer and West have written a book of high scientific quality that also tells a compelling story that must be understood and acted on by scientists, physicians, and public officials throughout the world.
John W. Chandler
This is a comprehensive, scholarly, and scientifically sound description of the current understanding of this important, preventable condition. The authors nicely weave a very readable story with the vast scientific literature on the subject. "The book discusses vitamin A deficiency in the context of child health and survival and clearly describes measures to prevent up to 10 million cases of blindness and save a million or more lives each year. The authors so clearly and convincingly describe the consequences of vitamin A deficiency that its prevention should be the paramount goal of leaders throughout the world. "Dr. Sommer is a noted authority on this subject and has conducted seminal research on vitamin A deficiency. His description of the goal and intended audience for the book is as follows: ^^That this book will prove useful to pediatricians, nutritionists, ophthalmologists, scientists and public health practitioners and officials engaged in designing and implementing programs aimed at curbing vitamin A deficiency and its consequences and reducing the terrible and needless loss of sight and life.^^ It cannot be said any better. "Much scientific data are shown in figures and tables. Thirty-two color plates superbly document the ocular consequences of vitamin A deficiency. Each chapter is extensively referenced with historic and contemporary papers. The book is divided into sections on the consequences of vitamin A deficiency, mechanisms, treatment, and assessment and prevention. The detailed table of contents makes it easy to find specific subjects. "For individuals with an interest in any aspect of vitamin A deficiency or a broad interest in public health or child health,this is an important book. Drs. Sommer and West have written a book of high scientific quality that also tells a compelling story that must be understood and acted on by scientists, physicians, and public officials throughout the world.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195088243
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 2/28/1996
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 464
  • Product dimensions: 6.75 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 1.02 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Background 3
2 Child Survival 19
3 Infectious Morbidity 62
4 Xerophthalmia and Keratomalacia 99
5 Anemia and Iron Metabolism 150
6 Growth 163
7 Contributory and Precipitating Events 191
8 Biochemistry of Vitamin A and Carotenoids 221
9 The Relationship between Immunocompetence and Vitamin A Status 251
10 Treatment of Vitamin A Deficiency and Xerophthalmia 277
11 Assessment of Vitamin A Status 299
12 Epidemiology of Deficiency 335
13 Dietary Intervention 355
14 Supplementation 388
15 Fortification of Dietary Items with Vitamin A 410
Index 433
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