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VMware View 5: Building a Successful Virtual Desktop

Overview

VMware View 5 for the Desktop

DELIVER HIGH-VALUE VIRTUAL DESKTOP INFRASTRUCTURE AND A SUPERIOR USER EXPERIENCE

Companies that have already realized the benefits of VMware server virtualization are now discovering that

VMware View 5 offers equally powerful opportunities on the client side. VMware View 5 is a...

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Overview

VMware View 5 for the Desktop

DELIVER HIGH-VALUE VIRTUAL DESKTOP INFRASTRUCTURE AND A SUPERIOR USER EXPERIENCE

Companies that have already realized the benefits of VMware server virtualization are now discovering that

VMware View 5 offers equally powerful opportunities on the client side. VMware View 5 is a comprehensive

enterprise-class solution. But, until now, crucial information about it has been scattered throughout dozens

of technical documents. In VMware View 5, leading desktop virtualization expert Paul O’Doherty combines

this critical information with deep insights and best practices from his extensive enterprise deployment

experience.

O’Doherty walks through every step, from the earliest planning phases through configuration,

implementation, and management. He addresses important considerations ranging from changes to

end-user experience through support and performance management. You’ll learn how to plan and smoothly

stage virtual desktop infrastructure deployments, and avoid pitfalls associated with latency, scalability,

storage, and networking.

Whether you’re an architect, system administrator, or virtualization consultant, this guide’s proven

techniques can help you dramatically improve IT productivity as you build environments that are far more

flexible and easier to manage.

COVERAGE INCLUDES

  • Understanding the business value of desktop virtualization, and how VMware View delivers it
  • Engaging end users in the process of delivering desktop services
  • Using vSphere virtual infrastructure to add even more value to the virtual desktop
  • Properly installing and configuring VMware View environments, including View Persona
  • Virtualizing applications with ThinApp
  • Building and tuning virtual desktops for optimal performance
  • Managing ThinApp packages and pools in complex enterprise environments
  • Protecting virtualized desktops against malware with VMware vShield EndPoint
  • Delivering a rich, high-performance user experience
  • Using Offline Desktops to serve tablets and other mobile devices
  • Migrating from older versions of View
  • Providing high availability and addressing single points of failure
  • Monitoring and actively managing virtual desktops by integrating vCenter Operations Manager with VMware View Adapter

Paul O’Doherty is a Cloud Solution Manager at Onx.com, and has spent 20 years designing, implementing,

and managing IT infrastructures in highly available computing environments. His experience with virtualization

includes OS virtualization, storage virtualization, application virtualization, and WAN optimization. He

holds numerous industry certifications, publishes reviews at virtualization.info, and maintains the popular

virtualization site virtualguru.org.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321822345
  • Publisher: VMware Press
  • Publication date: 12/18/2012
  • Series: VMware Press Technology Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 600
  • Sales rank: 825,430
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Meet the Author

Paul O’Doherty is a Cloud Solution Manager at Onx.com, specializing in the architecture and delivery of cloud-based services. Prior to that, Paul spent 10 years as the Managing Principal Consultant at Gibraltar Solutions architecting and delivering

end-user computer and virtualization environments in Fortune 500 companies involving VMware, VMware View, Citrix XenApp, and XenDesktop technologies. Paul has a broad range of infrastructure experience and has achieved numerous industry certifications such as VCP, CCEA, MCITP, RCSP, and is recognized as a VMware vExpert. In addition, Paul maintains a blog at http://virtualguru.org and has contributed to sites such as http://virtualization.info and is reoccurring speaker at VMUG sessions and other technical conferences.

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Table of Contents

Preface xv

Acknowledgments xix

About the Author xx

1 Virtual Desktop Infrastructure Overview 1

The Evolution of the Virtual Desktop 1

Where Did It All Start? 1

The Importance of Application Virtualization 6

The Importance of User Data Management 9

The Importance of Multimedia 10

VoIP 11

Considerations for Deploying VDI 11

Thin Clients 15

Test Failure Scenarios 16

Engage the Users 17

Planning for VMware View 17

Summary 31

2 VMware View Architecture 33

Virtual 33

Infrastructure Introduction 34

VMware vSphere 5 Architecture 39

VMware vSphere 5 40

VMware ESXi 40

vCenter Server 41

Network 46

Storage 50

VMware View Architecture 50

Load Balancing 51

Active Directory 53

Summary 67

3 VMware View 5 Implementation 69

Preparing a vCenter Installation 69

Installing Microsoft SQL Server 73

Full Backup 82

Differential 89

Log Backups 89

Installing vCenter 90

Installing vSphere 98

Auto Deploy 102

Host Profiles 112

Storage Connectivity 115

Installing VMware View 116

Configuring the View Connection Server 120

Adding vCenter Server 123

Configuring the Transfer Server 126

Adding the Transfer Server 128

Adding the Image Repository 129

Publishing Virtual Machine for Offline Mode 129

The Event Database 129

Persona Management 132

Security Servers 133

Firewall Rules 135

Adding the Security Servers 135

Summary 138

4 Application Virtualization 139

Why Virtualize Applications? 139

Setting Up the ThinApp Packaging Environment 141

ThinApp Packages and Microsoft Activation 156

Creating a Package 157

Deploying a Package Through View 168

Summary 171

5 Building Your Virtual Desktop 173

P2V or Clean Build? 173

Manually Installing Windows 7 175

Manually Installing the VMware View Agent 179

Installing Windows 7 Through VMware Workstation 181

Installing an Image Through vCenter 186

General Optimizations 197

Operating System Optimizations 198

Manually Installing Windows 2008 RDS Server 199

Making a Terminal Server Look Like a Desktop 199

View Persona Management 202

View Persona Management: A New Approach 209

Completing the Cycle of Persona Management 210

Summary 210

6 View Operations and Management 211

Managing a VMware View Environment 211

Using View Folders 212

Types of Desktop Pools 214

Automated Desktop Pools 215

Manual Desktop Pools 215

Microsoft Terminal Services Desktop Pool 215

Creating Desktop Pools 216

SysPrep or QuickPrep? 223

Power Options 225

Pool Settings 228

View Composer Settings 234

View Composer Disks 235

vCenter Settings 235

Provisioning Settings 239

Entitlement 241

View Composer 242

Replicas 243

Refresh 245

Recompose 248

Rebalance 249

Managing Persistent Disks 251

Managing Applications 254

Updating ThinApp Packages 254

About Relink 254

Inplace Upgrades 256

SandBox Merge 257

Using AppSync 261

Summary 266

7 VMware vShield EndPoint 267

VMware vShield EndPoint 267

High-Level Architecture 268

vSphere Update Manager 271

Creating the 32-Bit ODBC Connection 273

Installing Update Manager 277

Configuring Update Manager 284

Patching Your Environment 293

Adding the vShield Manager to the vSphere Environment 300

Adding the vShield Driver to Your VMs 307

Plugging In Your Third-Party Solution 308

Integrating vShield and Trend Micro Deep Security 315

Summary 329

8 A Rich End-User Experience 331

How Do You Deliver a Rich End-User Experience? 332

Enhancements in PCoIP 334

Building a Performance Test Environment 336

Installing and Configuring WANem 340

Installing and Configuring WireShark 346

Tuning PCoIP 350

Tuning Parameters 351

Further Analysis 357

PCoIP Bandwidth Utilization 361

PCoIP Bandwidth Rate Limiting 362

PCoIP Connection Quality 363

PCoIP Packet Counts 363

PCoIP Connection Latency 364

Encoding Graphs 364

The Impact of Load or IOPS 366

Setting Up VMware ViewPlanner 367

Setting Up the Client Desktop 371

Summary 372

9 Offline Desktops 373

Why Deliver an Offline Desktop? 373

Best Practices 384

Summary 389

10 Migrating from Older Versions of View 391

Upgrading to New Versions of View 391

Upgrading Example 393

Summary 417

11 High Availability Considerations 419

Making Your View Environment Resilient 419

Storage Heartbeats 423

Configuring iSCSI Multipathing 427

VMware FT 430

vCenter Heartbeat 431

Installing VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat 432

Configuring VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat 438

Testing VMware vCenter Server Heartbeat 441

Other Services and Considerations 442

High Availability Scenario 446

Deploying a Microsoft Cluster on vSphere 448

Creating a Microsoft Windows 2008 R2 Cluster 449

Connecting the Windows Cluster to the SAN 451

Using MCS 452

Configuring MCS 453

Using MPIO 457

Configuring MPIO 458

Preparing the Volumes 465

Installing the Microsoft Cluster 466

Configuring the Cluster 468

Adding File Services and the Distributed File System 470

Distributed File System 475

Installing and Configuring DFS 475

Setting Up Windows NLB 477

Updating Cisco Switches to Support NLB 478

Summary 479

12 Performance and Monitoring 481

Establishing a Performance Baseline 481

Installing vCenter Operations 482

Create an IP Pool 484

Deploy vCenter Operations 487

Configure vCenter Operations 488

License vCenter Operations 490

Summary 509

Index 511

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