Voices of a Nation: A History of Mass Media in the United States / Edition 5

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Overview

Voices of a Nation: A History of Mass Media in the United States presents a cultural interpretation of the history of both traditional and nontraditional media, emphasizing that minority as well as mainstream media have impacted American history. Voices of a Nation sets media history in the context of overall historical events and themes and tries to understand the role of media in a democratic society at varied historical points. Organized chronologically, the text recognizes the significant “voices” of such non-traditional media as suffrage newspapers, ethnic newspapers, and cultural movement papers and magazines.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A text for undergraduates in mass media and journalism, incorporating the voices of African Americans, women, immigrants, and others striving for political power and social equality, as well as voices of media corporations. Chronological sections explore areas including communication issues in the antislavery movement, mass markets and mass culture, and media, government, and politics. This edition retains the organization of the last edition, with increased focus on new technology, the colonial and early national book industry, the black press, and WWI correspondents. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205486977
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 8/8/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 554
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Contents

Preface

Part 1 Media in Early America

Chapter 1 Crossing the Atlantic

Printing Revolution as a Catalyst for Social Change

Prior Restraint in England: Publishing Precedent

Licensing Challenge by Books and Newspapers

British America

Definitions of News

Diffusion of News

Publishing–A Commercial Enterprise

Conclusion

Chapter 2  Resistance and Liberty

Resistance Personified: The Zenger Trial

Bradford as Forerunner

The New York Journal

The Zenger Trial

After Zenger

Colonial Resistance to Economic Policy

The Stamp Act

Economic Resistance Turns Political

The Boston Gazette as Radical Rag

Letters from a Farmer: Serial Essays

Journal of Occurrences: Fact or Fiction?

News of Congress and of War

Congressional Proceedings Secret

News of War Spreads through Colonies

Declaration of Independence

Public Opinion and Freedom of Expression

Newspapers and Political Pamphlets: Relative Merits

Newspapers for a Continent

The Significance of Circulations

Recording Early History: Isaiah Thomas

Conclusion

Chapter 3  Forming a New Nation

Constitutional Politics and the Press

The Fight for Ratification: Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists

The Bill of Rights: Congress Shall Make No Law

Enlightenment Philosophy and the Bill of Rights

Evolution of the Commercial Press

Information Demand and Developing Dailies

Political Press and National Politics

Federalist Newspapers

Jeffersonian (Republican) Newspapers

Lingering Legacy of Seditious Libel

Conclusion

Chapter 4  Diversity in the Early Republic

Newspapers and an Informed Public

Modernization and the Postal Dilemma

Continuing Political Tradition

Foreign-Language Press and Diverse Ethnic Backgrounds

Labor Press

Native-American Press Responds to European Settlement

African-American Newspapers as a Response to White Society

Magazines

The Struggle to Circulate   000

The New-York Magazine; or, Literary Repository

The Port Folio

Book Publishing as a Challenge to Cultural Norms

Technology, Production, and Labor

Relationship to Religion and Values

Conclusion

Chapter 5  Penny Papers in the Metropolis

Characteristics of the Penny Press

Advertising: Buyer Beware

Continuity and Change in the Early Nineteenth Century

The New York Leaders

Benjamin Day and the New York Sun

James Gordon Bennett and the New York Herald

Reasons for Development

Conclusion

Part 2 Media in an Expanding Nation

Chapter 6  Expansion Unifies and Divides

Transportation and Communication

Postal Express

Technology and Communications

Telegraph: Technological and Cultural Change

Communication and the Movement Westward

Mexican War: Of Words and Images

Frontier Newspapers

Oral Culture and the Lecture Circuit

Evolution of the Penny Press

Horace Greeley and the New York Tribune

Henry Jarvis Raymond and the New York Times

Chicago Tribune

Press Development in the Antebellum South

The Richmond Enquirer and the Southern Partisan Press

Conclusion

Chapter 7  Communication Issues in the Antislavery Movement and the Civil War

The Abolitionist Movement: Printed Products in an Age of Change

William Lloyd Garrison: Radical Mission

Elijah Lovejoy: The Link between Abolition and Civil Rights

Frederick Douglass and the Black Press

Iconography: Persuasive Visuals

Women, Voice, and Pen in the Antislavery Movement

Uncle Tom’s Cabin: Slavery and the Popular Culture

Restrictions on Publishing

The Civil War

Reporters and the War

Press in the North

The Confederate Press

Censorship in the North

Censorship in the South

Photography and Pictorial Illustration

Conclusion

Chapter 8  Modernization and Printed Products

A Magazine Revolution

Quality Monthlies as Preservers of the Old Order

Challenge of Modernization

Manufacturing/National Distribution Networks

Newspapers as Reflections of Urbanization

Dime Novels and Story Papers

Photographs: Question of Technology and Culture

Associated Press: Wire Service Monopoly

Pleas for Equality and Progress

Lynching in the Late Nineteenth Century

Flourishing African-American Press

Editors and Modernization

More Modernity: Lightbulbs and Telephones

Conclusion

Chapter 9  Mass Markets and Mass Culture

Advertising and Mass Culture

Magazines as Vehicles for Advertising

Mass Press for a Mass Audience

The Debate over Information and Sensation

Information and Municipal Reform: Concepts   of Urban Community

Sensation in the Urban Press

Business Promotes Itself

Professionalization and Exclusion

Development of Exclusive Press Clubs

Critique of the Press

Conclusion

Chapter 10  Reform Is My Religion

Impact of Immigration on Society and Publications

Chicago Press and the “Melting Pot”

The Suffragist Press

The Beginnings

The Second Wave: Unity, Diversity, and Growth

Voices of the Suffragist Press

Black Press at the Turn of the Century

Booker T. Washington and the Tuskegee Machine

Opposition to Accommodation

Agrarian Press and the Lecture Circuit

Purpose

From Lecture to Newspaper

Political Hacks or Journalists?

Agrarian Publications

Conclusion

Part 3 Media in a Modern World

Chapter 11  Progressivism and World War I

Mass-Market Muckraking

McClure’s

“Will Irwin and “The American Newspaper”

Munsey’s Magazine

Newspapers in the Early Twentieth Century

Advertising and Circulation

Big Business and Big Power

Reform Legislation

Newspapers and Social Reform

Control of Information during the War

Restrictive Legislation and “Discovering”   the First Amendment

Postal Control and the Milwaukee Leader

Propaganda and the Committee on Public Information

Media Reaction to the War

Walter Lippmann and the Noble Cause

Metropolitan Newspapers and the Status Quo

A Challenge to the Existing Order

Correspondents at the Front

Marguerite Harrison: Correspondent, Spy

Electronic Media’s Debut

Government and Industry Participation

Going to the Movies

Conclusion

Chapter 12  Media and Consumer Culture

Radio: What Have They Done with My Child?

Technology Breaks Regional Barriers

Government and Industry Partnership

Newsreels: Facts and Fakery

“March of Time”

Going to the Movies

Advertising and Consumer Culture

From Space to Agency Service

Ethics and Regulation

Persuasive Strategies

Public Relations: A Corporate Necessity

The 1920s Newspaper and Nationalization

Chains and Conglomerates

Content

National Advertising

Tabloids

The Black Press

Novels and Pulps

Conclusion

Chapter 13  Depression and Disillusion

The Documentary Tradition

Interpretation in the Daily Press

News Magazines as Journalism of Synthesis

Radio News

Criticism and Alternatives

Media Content as Entertainment

Radio and Popular Culture

Media and Government

The Newspaper Industry

Presidents and the Press

The First Lady and Women in the Press

Photojournalism

Life

Margaret Bourke-White

Conclusion

Chapter 14  Images of War

A Radio War

The Wire Services and the War

Media Play Multiple Roles

Correspondents and Costs

Columnists and Cartoonists

Photography Depicts Two Views of Japanese Internment

Coverage of Nazi Concentration Camps

Media and Government

Censorship

The Press and Race in the 1950s and 1960s

Accountability and Freedom

Television Technology Emerges from the Wings

Technology and Programming

Black Press Reflects Increased Consumer Power

Growth of Black Dailies

Johnson and Ebony–Magazines for the Middle Class

Conclusion

Part 3 Corporate Power and Globalization

Chapter 15  Electronic Images in a Cold War

Media Compete for Audiences and Advertising

Radio in Transition

Television Moves from New York to Hollywood

Media and the Advertising Industry

Advertising and Television

Media and Public Relations: The Image of Business

Corporate Public Relations: Image Control

Professionalization and Expansion

Media, Government, and Politics

The Federal Communications Commission

The House Un-American Activities Committee

Television Goes to the Elections

A Few Lonely Voices of Dissent

“Izzy” Stone

Conclusion

Chapter 16  Affluence and Activism: The Angry 1960s

At Home and Abroad: The Big Stories

Civil Rights

Covering Vietnam

Electronic Media and the Global Village

Satellite Development and the Global Village

Questions of Media Monopoly, Regulation, and Technology

Minow and Television as a “Vast Wasteland”

Public Broadcasting as an Alternative

Newspaper Consolidation and Profits

Cultural Change in the Newsrooms

Changes in the Rank and File

Government and the Press

New York Times v. Sullivan

The Pentagon Papers Case

Watergate and the News Media

Credibility and Ethics

National News Council

Ombudsmen

Codes of Ethics

Language of 1960s Journalism

New Nonfiction

Magazines: Death or Specialization

Circulation Leaders

The Aged Endure

The New Emerge and Last

Conclusion

Chapter 17  News as a Corporate Enterprise

Corporate and Public Ownership

Corporate Ownership of Newspapers

Deregulation and the FCC

Fairness Doctrine Abandoned

New Technology: Networks in Decline

Technologies of the 1980s

Cable: Shift of Power

Media Technology Devices

Computers and an Information Society

The Microcomputer

Information via the Internet

Government News Management in Modern War

Press Pools, the Persian Gulf, and Panama

Management of Special-Interest News

The Exxon Valdez–Public Relations Disaster

Politics and Public Relations

Changing News Agenda for Newspapers

USA Today

Conclusion

Chapter 18  New Technologies, Globalization, and Wars on Terror and the News Media

The 9/11 Terrorist Attacks

The Comparison to Pearl Harbor

Media Convergence

Creating AOL Time Warner

Journalism and Convergence

Napster, MP3, and the Courts

Consequences of Media Consolidation

Television, Politics and Democracy

The Media and the Election of 2000

The Election of 2004

Pulling Teeth from the Watchdog?

Conclusion

Index

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