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VOICES OF THE AMERICAN PAST is a two-volume reader that presents a variety of diverse perspectives through more than 230 primary sources. Excerpts from speeches, letters, journals, magazine articles, hearings and government documents raise issues from both public and private aspects of American life throughout history. A "Guide to Reading and Interpreting Documents" in the front matter explains how and why historians use primary source evidence, and outlines basic points to help students learn to analyze sources. Brief headnotes set each source into context. "Questions to Consider" precede each document, offering prompts for critical thinking and reflection. The volumes are organized chronologically into 31 chapters, with the Reconstruction chapter overlapping in both volumes — corresponding to the splits of most survey texts.
15. RECONSTRUCTION. A NORTHERN TEACHER'S VIEW OF THE FREEDMEN (1863-65): Elizabeth Hyde Botume, "First Days Amongst the Contrabands". CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA AT THE CONCLUSION OF THE CIVIL WAR (1865): Sidney Andrews, "The South Since the War". AFRICAN-AMERICANS SEEK PROTECTION (1865): "The Late Convention of Colored Men". THADDEUS STEVENS ON RECONSTRUCTION AND THE SOUTH (1865): "Reconstruction". A WHITE SOUTHERN PERSPECTIVE ON RECONSTRUCTION (1868): Howell Cobb to J.D. Hoover, 4 January 1868. THE KU KLUX KLAN DURING RECONSTRUCTION (1872): U.S. Congress, Testimony Taken by the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States. AN AFRICAN AMERICAN CONGRESSMAN CALLS FOR CIVIL RIGHTS (1874): Congressional Record, 43rd Congress, 1st Session, Volume 2, January 6, 1874. THE SITUATION FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS IN THE SOUTH (1879): "The Flight of the Negroes". 16. THE WEST. THE MINING FRONTIER (1863): Nathaniel P. Langford, "Vigilante Days and Ways: The Pioneers of the Rockies". A NATIVE AMERICAN REMEMBERS LIFE ON THE GREAT PLAINS (1870s): Joseph K. Dixon, "Mountain Chief," The Vanishing Race: The Last Great Indian Council. A CENTURY OF DISHONOR (1881): Helen Hunt Jackson, "A Century of Dishonor". A WESTERN NEWSPAPER EDITORIAL ON THE CUSTER MASSACRE (1876): "Extermination the Only Remedy". CULTURAL EXCHANGE ON THE ARIZONA FRONTIER (1874): Martha Summerhayes, "Vanished Arizona: Recollections of the Army Life of a New England Woman". A NATIVE AMERICAN REMEMBERS THE GHOST DANCE(1890): Hamlin Garland, "Rising Wolf—Ghost Dancer". LIFE ON THE PRAIRIE FARMS (1893): E. V. Smalley, "The Isolation of Life on Prairie Farms". "THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE FRONTIER IN AMERICAN HISTORY" (1893): Frederick Jackson Turner, "The Significance of the Frontier in American History". THE CATTLE INDUSTRY (1884): G. Pomeroy Keese, "Beef, from the Range to the Shambles". 17. GILDED AGE AMERICA. THE IMPACT OF MECHANIZATION (1889): David A. Wells, "Recent Economic Changes". PROGRESS AND POVERTY (1879): Henry George, "Progress and Poverty". "THE FORGOTTEN MAN" (1883): William Graham Sumner, The Forgotten Man and Other Essays,". THE GOSPEL OF WEALTH (1889): Andrew Carnegie, "Wealth". PREAMBLE TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KNIGHTS OF LABOR (1878): Terrence V. Powderly, "Thirty Years of Labor". LYNCHING IN THE SOUTH (1895): Ida B. Wells-Barnett, "A Red Record". W.E.B. DU BOIS ON RACE RELATIONS (1903): W.E.B. Du Bois, "The Souls of Black Folk". THE UNWANTED IMMIGRANTS: THE CHINESE (1878): California, Senate, Special Committee on Chinese Immigration, "An Address to the American People of the United States upon the Evils of Chinese Immigration". "THE STORY OF A SWEATSHOP GIRL" (1902): "The Story of a Sweatshop Girl". A WOMAN'S PERSPECTIVE ON WOMEN AND THE ECONOMY (1898): Charlotte Perkins Stetson, "Women and Economics". 18. THE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT. AN INSIDER'S VIEW OF HULL HOUSE: Hilda Satt Polacheck, "I Came A Stranger: The Story of a Hull-House Girl". BOSS GOVERNMENT AT WORK (1903): Lincoln Steffens," Shame of the Cities". "THE AMERICAN FORESTS" (1901): John Muir, "The American Forests". THE JUNGLE (1906): Upton Sinclair, "The Jungle". THE SOCIALIST ALTERNATIVE (1908): "The Socialist Spirit". THE NEW NATIONALISM OF THEODORE ROOSEVELT (1912): "Roosevelt Would Give People Right to Recall Judges' Decisions: Favors Initiative and Referendum, Carefully Safeguarded". "A PROGRESSIVE ILLUSION" (1912): "A Progressive Illusion". "WHY WOMEN SHOULD VOTE" (1910): Jane Addams, "Why Women Should Vote". 19. AMERICA ON THE WORLD STAGE. THE SINKING OF THE MAINE (1898): "Enforce Peace in Cuba". AQUINALDO'S CALL FOR PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENCE (1899): "Pleas for Independence". AN ANTI-IMPERIALIST PERSPECTIVE (1899): "Acquisition of Territory". THE NEW MANIFEST DESTINY (1900): "Policy Regarding the Philippines," Congressional Record, 56th Congress, 1st Session, (9 January 1900). "A COLOMBIAN VIEW OF THE PANAMA CANAL QUESTION" (1903): Raul Perez, "A Colombian View of the Panama Canal Question," The North American Review 177 (July 1903). ROOSEVELT COROLLARY TO THE MONROE DOCTRINE (1904): "Theodore Roosevelt, Fourth Annual Message". WOODROW WILSON'S DECLARATION OF WAR MESSAGE (1917): "Address by the President of the United States," Congressional Record, 65th Congress, 1st session, (2 April 1917). A SOLDIER'S VIEW OF THE WAR (1918): Captain Arthur P. Terry, Diary, August-September 1918. OPPOSITION TO THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS (1919): "League of Nations," Congressional Record, 66th Congress, 1st session, part 4, (12 August 1919). THE RED SCARE (1920): Frederick R. Barkley, "Jailing Radicals in Detroit," The Nation 110 (31 January 1920). 20. THE RETURN TO "NORMALCY". A SPEECH AGAINST IMMIGRATION RESTRICTION (1921): Congressional Record, 67h Congress, 1st Session, (21 April 1921). THE ROLE OF ADVERTISING (1922): Roger C. Hoyt, "A Plain Talk on Advertising," The Outlook 132 (20 September 1922). THE IMPACT OF THE AUTOMOBILE (1922): Allen D. Albert, "The Social Influence of the Automobile," Scribner's Magazine 71 (1922). THE NEW NEGRO (1925): Alain Locke, ed., The New Negro: An Interpretation (New York,1925). RELIGION AND THE SCOPES TRIAL (1925): William Jennings Bryan and Mary Baird Bryan, The Memoirs of Williams Jennings Bryan (Chicago, 1925). THE KU KLUX KLAN'S PERSPECTIVE (1926): Hiram Wesley Evans, "The Klan's Fight for Americanism," North American Review 223 (March-April-May, 1926). THE NEW WOMAN (1927): Dorothy Dunbar Bromley, "Feminist — New Style," Harper's Monthly Magazine 155 (October 1927). AMERICAN INDIVIDUALISM (1928): "Text of Hoover's Speech on Relation of Government to Industry," The New York Times, 23 October 1928. 21. FDR AND THE NEW DEAL. URBAN FAMILIES IN THE GREAT DEPRESSION (1931): "Statement of Miss Dorothy Kahn". FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT'S FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS (1933): Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933". THE "SHARE OUR WEALTH" PLAN (1933): Huey P. Long, "Everyman A King: The Autobiography of Huey P. Long". A BUSINESSMAN'S VIEW OF THE NEW DEAL (1934): William Lloyd Garrison, Jr., "The Hand of Providence". THE "DUST BOWL" (1935): "Dust and the Nation's 'Bread-Basket'". THE TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY (1937): Odette Keun, "A Foreigner Looks at the TVA". FRANCES PERKINS ENDORSES THE SOCIAL SECURITY ACT (1935): Frances Perkins, "The Social Security Act". AN AFRICAN AMERICAN EVALUATION OF THE NEW DEAL (1940): "The Roosevelt Record". THE NEW DEAL IN REVIEW (1940): "The New Deal in Review". 22. ISOLATIONISM AND WORLD WAR II. THE FOUR FREEDOMS (1941): Franklin D. Roosevelt, State of the Union Address, January 1941. ISOLATION FROM THE EUROPEAN WAR (1941): Charles Lindbergh, "We Cannot Win This War for England". ROOSEVELT'S DECLARATION OF WAR MESSAGE (1941): "The President's Message". LIFE IN A JAPANESE INTERNMENT CAMP (1942): Ted Nakashima, "Concentration Camp: U. S. Style". WOMEN IN THE HOMEFRONT WAR EFFORT (1942): Ruth Matthews and Betty Hannah, "This Changing World for Women". AFRICAN AMERICANS IN THE MILITARY (1944): Lucille B. Milner, "Jim Crow in the Army". TRUMAN'S DECISION TO DROP THE BOMB (1945): Harry S Truman, "Memoirs: Years of Decisions". REMEMBERING THE HIROSHIMA ATOMIC BLAST (1945): Hiroko Nakamoto, as told to Mildred Mastin Pace, "My Japan". 23. POST-WAR AMERICA. "CONTAINMENT" (1946): Department of State, "Foreign Relations of the United States". NSC-68, A BLUEPRINT FOR THE COLD WAR (1950): "Foreign Relations of the United States". COMMUNISTS IN THE GOVERNMENT (1950): "Communists in Government Service". GOVERNOR HERMAN TALMADGE'S STATEMENT ON THE BROWN DECISION (1954): "Talmadge Text". AFRICAN AMERICAN EDITORIAL ON LITTLE ROCK INTEGRATION (1957): "Salute to the President". SUBURBANIZATION; LEVITTOWN, NEW YORK (1950): "Up From the Potato Fields". DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER'S FAREWELL ADDRESS (1961): "Farewell Radio and Television Address to the American People". POVERTY IN THE AGE OF AFFULENCE (1962): Michael Harrington, "The Other America". "THE PROBLEM THAT HAS NO NAME" (1963): Betty Friedan, "The Feminine Mystique". 24. THE TURBULENT SIXTIES. SILENT SPRING (1962): Rachel Carson, "Silent Spring". "LETTER FROM BIRMINGHAM JAIL" (1963): Martin Luther King, Jr., Why We Can't Wait (New York, 1964), 77-100. MALCOLM X ON RACE RELATIONS (1965): "Speech to New York Meeting". BARRY GOLDWATER'S SPEECH AT THE REPUBLICAN CONVENTION (1964): The Republican National Convention: Acceptance Address by Barry Goldwater, Senator. LYNDON JOHNSON ON THE GREAT SOCIETY (1965): Remarks at the University of Michigan, May 22, 1964. SDS CALL FOR A MARCH ON WASHINGTON (1965): "SDS Call for a March on Washington". "I MADE PROMISES TO DEAD PEOPLE" (1967-68): Jack McCloskey, "I Made Promises to Dead People". A REPORT ON RACIAL VIOLENCE IN THE CITIES (1968): National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders. CESAR CHAVEZ AND LA CAUSA: Cesar Chavez, "Cesar Chavez: Autobiography of La Causa". 25. THE RISING CONSERVATIVE TIDE. SOARING ENERGY COSTS (1974): "Energy: How High is Up?". A MIGRATION TO THE "SUNBELT" (1976): "Americans on the Move". SAM ERVIN ON THE WATERGATE CRISIS (1974): The Final Report of the Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities. THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN (1977): Phyllis Schlafly, "The Power of the Positive Woman". THE QUESTION OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION (1978): "A Well Balanced Bakke Decision". IRANIAN HOSTAGE CRISIS (1979-81): "Iran's Seizure of the United States Embassy". THE CHRISTIAN RIGHT'S CALL TO ACTION (1980): Jerry Falwell, "Listen America!". THE REAGAN REVOLUTION (1981): Ronald Reagan, "Inaugural Address". REAGAN'S EVIL EMPIRE SPEECH (1983): Ronald Reagan, "Remarks at the Annual Convention of the National Association of Evangelicals in Orlando, Florida". "A NEW WORLD ORDER" (1991): George Bush, "The Challenge of Building Peace". 26. SOCIETY AND CULTURE IN RECENT TIMES. A PERSPECTIVE ON AIDS (1987): David C. Jones, "Perspective on AIDS: Ethical, Socioeconomic and Political Aspects". A VIEW ON HISPANIC ASSIMILATION (1991): Linda Chavez, Out of the Barrio: Toward a New Politics of Hispanic Assimilation". "DR. WEN HO LEE AS THE MODEL MINORITY FOR THE 21st CENTURY" (2002): Ling-Chi Wang, "Dr. Wen Ho Lee as the Model Minority of the 21st Century". BILL GATES AND MICROSOFT (1998): Competition, Innovation, and Public Policy in the Digital Age: Hearings Before the Committee on the Judiciary, "Prepared Statement of Bill Gates". THE CHANGING DEMOGRAPHICS OF AMERICA (1999): Thomas G. Dolan, "Demographics and Destiny: A New Chapter in the Story of the Generations". CONSUMER CHOICE IN AUTOMOBILES AND ITS IMPACT (2000): Keith Bradsher, "High and Mighty: SUVs — The World's Most Dangerous Vehicles and How They Got That Way". THE ISSUE OF GAY MARRIAGE (2003): Ramesh Ponnuru, "Coming Out Ahead: Why Gay Marriage is on the Way". 27. OUR TIMES. BILL CLINTON ON WELFARE REFORM (1999): Bill Clinton, "Remarks by the President at the National Forum on Welfare to Work". GEORGE W. BUSH RESPONDS TO THE TERRORIST ATTACKS (2001): "Address of George W. Bush, President of the United States, Delivered to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People, Washington, D.C., September 20, 2001". A RESPONSE TO THE USA-PATRIOT ACT (2001): Anthony D. Romero, "In Defense of Liberty". THE UNITED STATES AND THE WORLD (2003): Fareed Zakaria, "The Arrogant Empire". A PERSPECTIVE ON LIMITING IMMIGRATION TO THE UNITED STATES (2006): Congressional Record. STEM CELL RESEARCH (2006): Nancy Gibbs, "Stem Cells: The Hope and the Hype". THE WAR IN IRAQ (2006): Aparisim Ghosh, "Life in Hell".