Voices of the American Past: Documents in U.S. History, Volume I / Edition 4

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VOICES OF THE AMERICAN PAST is a two-volume reader that presents a variety of diverse perspectives through more than 230 primary sources. Excerpts from speeches, letters, journals, magazine articles, hearings and government documents raise issues from both public and private aspects of American life throughout history. A "Guide to Reading and Interpreting Documents" in the front matter explains how and why historians use primary source evidence, and outlines basic points to help students learn to analyze sources. Brief headnotes set each source into context. "Questions to Consider" precede each document, offering prompts for critical thinking and reflection. The volumes are organized chronologically into 31 chapters, with the Reconstruction chapter overlapping in both volumes — corresponding to the splits of most survey texts.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780495096740
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 5/3/2007
  • Series: Voices of the American past Ser.
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Raymond M. Hyser is a Professor of History at James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia. His research interests include the study of race and ethnicity in the Gilded Age. He teaches courses in U.S. History, U.S. Business History, Gilded Age America, and Historical Methods.

J. Chris Arndt is a Professor of History at James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia. His research interests include the study of states' rights and economic change in antebellum America. He teaches courses in U.S. History, the American Revolution, the Early Republic, and Historical Methods.

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Table of Contents

1. DIVERSE BEGINNINGS. THE SPANISH LETTER OF COLUMBUS TO LUIS SANT' ANGEL (1493): "Letter of Columbus to Luis Sant'Angel, 15 February 1493". EARLY NEW YORK (1626): Emanuel Van Meteren, "Narratives of New Netherland, 1609-1664". JESUIT COMPARISON OF FRENCH AND NATIVE LIFE (1657-58): "The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents". CAPTAIN JOHN SMITH DESCRIBES FOUNDING OF JAMESTOWN (1607): John Smith, "The Proceedings of the English Colony of Virginia". "GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE PLANTATION IN NEW ENGLAND" (1629): "General Considerations for the Plantation in New England; with an Answer to Several Objections". WILLIAM BRADFORD ON SICKNESS AMONG THE INDIANS (1633): William Bradford, "History of Plimouth Plantation". "CAPTIVITY ACCOUNT" OF MARY ROWLANDSON (1675): Mary Rowlandson, "A Narrative of . . . Mrs. Mary Rowlandson". THE PUEBLO REVOLT (1680): "Letter of the Governor and Captain-General, Don Antonio de Otermin". SEVENTEENTH CENTURY FLORIDA AS DESCRIBED BY SHIPWRECKED ENGLISHMAN (1699): Dickinson, Johnathan, "God's Protecting Providence Man's Surest Help and Defence, in the Times of the Greatest Difficulty and Most Imminent Danger: Evidenced in the Remarkable Deliverance of Divers Persons, from the Devouring Waves of the Sea, Amongst Which They Suffered Shipwrack. And Also from the More Cruelly Devouring Jawes of the Inhumane Canibals of Florida". 2. EMERGING COLONIAL SOCIETIES. A TREATY BETWEEN THE FIVE NATIONS AND THE NEW ENGLAND COLONIES (1689): Cadwallader Colden, "A Treaty between the Agents of Massachuset's Bay, New-Plymuth, and Connecticut, and the Sachems of the Five Nations, at Albany, in the Year 1689". PETITION OF AN ACCUSED WITCH (1692): "Narratives of the Witchcraft Cases, 1648-1706". "PENNSYLVANIA, THE POOR MAN'S PARADISE" (1698): Gabriel Thomas, "An Historical and Geographical Account of the Province and Country of Pensilvania . . .." OF THE SERVANTS AND SLAVES IN VIRGINIA (1705): Robert Beverly, "The History of Virginia, in Four Parts". COTTON MATHER ON THE EVILS OF "SELF-POLLUTION" (1723): "The Pure Nazarite: Advice to A Young Man…". THE PROBLEM OF FRENCH CANADA (1724): Pierre François Xavier de Charlevoix, "Narrative of Pierre Francois Xavier de Charlevoix". ELIZA LUCAS, A MODERN WOMAN (1741-1742): Eliza Lucas, "Journal and Letters". 3. TOWARDS AN AMERICAN IDENTITY. SINNERS IN THE HANDS OF AN ANGRY GOD" (1741) Jonathan Edwards, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God". A PROPOSAL FOR PROMOTING USEFUL KNOWLEDGE AMONG THE BRITISH PLANTATIONS OF AMERICA (1743): Benjamin Franklin, "A Proposal for Promoting Knowledge among the British Plantations of America". PENNSYLVANIA ASSEMBLY COMMENTS ON GERMAN IMMIGRATION (1755): "Message to the Governor from the Assembly". THE ALBANY PLAN OF UNION (1754): "William Shirley to Sir Thomas Robinson," 24 December 1754. EDMUND BURKE ON BRITISH MOTIVES IN THE SEVEN YEARS' WAR (1762): "A Complete History of the Late War: From the Annual Register of World Events [Edmund Burke]". "THE PONTIAC MANUSCRIPT" (1763): "The Pontiac Manuscript". "WHAT IS AN AMERICAN?" (1770): Hector St. John de Crevecoeur, "Letters from an American Farmer". OLAUDAH EQUIANO DESCRIBES THE "MIDDLE PASSAGE" (1789): Olaudah Equiano, "The Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African". 4. COMING OF THE REVOLUTION. JOHN LOCKE ON POLITICAL SOCIETY AND GOVERNMENT (1689): John Locke, "Two Treatises of Government". CATO'S LETTERS (1721): T. Gordon, "An Enquiry into the Nature and Extent of Liberty, 20 January 1721". STAMP ACT RIOTS (1765): John Almon, comp., "A Collection of Interesting, Authentic Papers Relative to the Dispute Between Great Britain and America". ANN HULTON, LOYALIST VIEW OF COLONIAL UNREST (1774): Ann Hulton, "Letters of a Loyalist Lady". ABIGAIL ADAMS ON THE BRITISH OCCUPATION OF BOSTON, 1775: "Letters of Mrs. Adams, The Wife of John Adams". ENGLISHWOMEN'S APPEAL TO THE PEOPLE OF GREAT BRITAIN ON THE CRISIS IN AMERICA (1775): Catherine Macauley, An Address to the People of England, Scotland, and Ireland, on the Present State of Affairs". A LOYALIST PERSPECTIVE OF THE COMING OF REVOLUTION (1780): Joseph Galloway, "Letters to a Nobleman on the Conduct of the War in the Middle Colonies". INTRODUCTION TO COMMON SENSE (1776): Thomas Paine, "The Writings of Thomas Paine". A SPEECH AGAINST INDEPENDENCE (1776): "Speech of John Dickinson of Pennsylvania, Favoring a Condition of Union with England, Delivered July 1, 1776". 5. CREATING THE NEW NATION. GERMAN DOCTOR'S ACCOUNT OF WAR AND SURGERY (1777): J.F. Wasmus, "An Eyewitness Account of the American Revolution and New England Life: The Journal of J.F. Wasmus, German Company Surgeon, 1776-1783". THE BATTLE OF KING'S MOUNTAIN AND LOYALISM IN THE CAROLINAS (1780): Banastre Tarleton, "History of the Campaigns 1780 and 1781, in the Southern Provinces of North America". WOMEN'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WAR EFFORT (1780): Esther de Berdt Reed, "The Sentiments of an American Woman". THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION (1777): "The Articles of Confederation". VOTING QUALIFICATIONS IN VIRGINIA (1779): "An act concerning election of members of the general assembly". THE QUOCK WALKER DECISION (1783): Massachusetts Historical Society Papers. FAILURE OF THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS (1786): "The Chairman of Congress (David Ramsay) to Certain States". THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE (1787): "The Ordinance of 1787". GRIEVANCES OF THE SHAYS REBELS (1786): "The PETITION of a Committee from several Towns in the County of Worcester". PENNSYLVANIA DISSENT TO THE RATIFICATION OF THE CONSTITUTION (1787): "Address and Reason of Dissent of the Minority of the Convention of Pennsylvania". FEDERALIST NUMBER 10 (1788): "The Numerous Advantages of the Union". 6. THE LIMITS OF REPUBLICANISM. JUDITH SARGENT MURRAY ON THE EQUALITY OF THE SEXES (1790): Judith Sargent Murray, "On the Equality of the Sexes". BENJAMIN BANNEKER TO THOMAS JEFFERSON, BLACKS AND LIBERTY IN THE NEW NATION (1791): "Benjamin Banneker to Thomas Jefferson, Blacks and Liberty in the New Nation". ALEXANDER HAMILTON SPEAKS IN FAVOR OF THE NATIONAL BANK (1791): "Hamilton to Washington: Opinion as to the Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States". OPPOSING VIEWS OF THE WHISKEY REBELLION (1794): "Pennsylvania Gazette, 13 August 1794". GEORGE WASHINGTON'S "FAREWELL ADDRESS" (1796): George Washington, "Farewell Address". DESCRIPTION OF A CONVERSION EXPERIENCE AT CANE RIDGE, KY (1801): Autobiography of the Reverend James B. Finley. MARBURY v. MADISON (1803): "Marbury v. Madison". RESOLUTIONS OF THE HARTFORD CONVENTION (1815): Theodore Dwight, "History of the Hartford Convention". 7. THE NEW NATION AND ITS PLACE IN THE WORLD. MILITARY DISASTER ON THE OHIO FRONTIER (1791): From the Diary of Major Ebenezer Denny, Aide-de-Camp to General St. Clair, "The Campaign in the Indian Country". JEFFERSON'S INSTRUCTIONS TO ROBERT LIVINGSTON, MINISTER TO FRANCE (1802): "To the United States (Robert E. Livingston) Minister to France". HEADING WEST WITH LEWIS AND CLARK (1804): Patrick Gass, "Journal of the Lewis and Clark Expedition". A FRONTIER VIEW OF THE CHESAPEAKE AFFAIR (1807): "Declaration of the People of Washington County, Mississippi, on the Subject of British Aggressions, 1807". TECUMSEH ON WHITE ENCROACHMENT (1810): "Speech of Tecumseh". MARGARET BAYARD SMITH ON THE BURNING OF WASHINGTON, DC (1814): "Margaret Bayard Smith to Maria Kirkpatrick, August, 1814". TENNESSEE EXPANSIONISTS ON THE ADAMS-ONIS TREATY (1819): "Spanish Treaty". THE MONROE DOCTRINE (1823): James Monroe, "Seventh Annual Message". 8. THE RISE OF DEMOCRACY. FANNY WRIGHT ON EQUALITY (1828/1830): Frances Wright, "Parting Address as Delivered in the Bowery Theatre, June 1830". DANIEL WEBSTER'S SECOND REPLY TO ROBERT Y. HAYNE (1830): "Second Speech on Foot's Resolution". SOUTH CAROLINA NULLIFIES THE TARIFF (1832): "An Ordinance to Nullify certain Acts of Congress of the United States". THE AMERICAN SYSTEM (1832): Henry Clay, "On the American System". ANDREW JACKSON'S BANK VETO MESSAGE (1832): Andrew Jackson, "Veto Message". THE CHEROKEE PHOENIX ON GEORGIA POLICY TOWARD THE CHEROKEE (1832): "Cherokee Phoenix". COMMENTARY ON ELECTIONS IN JACKSONIAN AMERICA: Frances Trollope, "Domestic Manners of the Americans". "SPIRIT OF JACKSONISM" (1832): Alexander H. Everett, "Spirit of Jacksonism," The Conduct of the Administration (Boston, 1832), 74-78. 9. SOCIETY AND ECONOMY OF THE NORTH. PROMOTING THE ERIE CANAL (1818): Charles G. Haines, "Considerations on the Great Western Canal, from the Hudson to Lake Erie". CHARLES G. FINNEY DESCRIBES THE ROCHESTER REVIVAL: "Memoirs of Rev. Charles G. Finney". "AMERICANS ON THE MOVE": Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America". AMERICAN MANIA FOR RAILROADS (1834): Michel Chevalier, Society, Manners and Politics in the United States". URBAN RIOTS (1835) "Niles Register: Baltimore June 27, 1835". A GERMAN TRAVELER ON RACE RELATIONS IN THE NORTH (1839): Gustave Dressel, "Houston Journal: Adventures in North America and Texas". WOMEN WORKERS PROTEST "LOWELL WAGE SLAVERY" (1847): "Factory Life — Romance and Reality". "ON IRISH EMIGRATION" (1852): Edward E. Hale, "Letters on Irish Emigration". A CHINESE AMERICAN AT YALE (1850): Yung Wing, "My Life in China and America". 10. SOCIAL REFORM. "APPEAL TO THE COLORED CITIZENS OF THE WORLD" (1829): David Walker, "Walker's Appeal, in Four Articles: Together with a Preamble to Coloured Citizens of the World". WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON ON SLAVERY (1831): "To the Public". EVIDENCE AGAINST THE VIEWS OF THE ABOLITIONISTS (1833): Richard H. Colfax, "Evidence Against the Views of the Abolitionists, Consisting of Physical and Moral Proofs, of the Natural Inferiority of the Negroes". HORACE MANN ON EDUCATIONAL REFORM (1840): Horace Mann, "Report for 1839". LYMAN BEECHER ON INTEMPERANCE (1825): Lyman Beecher, "Six Sermons on the Nature, Occasions, Signs, Evils and Remedy of Intemperance". SARAH GRIMKÉ ARGUES FOR GENDER EQUALITY (1837): Sarah M. Grimke, "Letter VIII: On the Condition of Women in the United States, 1837". "DECLARATION OF SENTIMENTS," SENECA FALLS CONVENTION (1848): "Declaration of Sentiments". 11. MANIFEST DESTINY. TEXAS AND CALIFORNIA ANNEXATION (1845): John O'Sullivan, "Annexation". AMERICAN DESCRIPTION OF MEXICAN WOMEN IN SANTA FE (1845): G. W. Kendall, "Narrative of the Texan Santa Fe Expedition" . MOB VIOLENCE AGAINST MORMONS (1846): William Clayton's Journal. LIFE ON THE OVERLAND TRAIL (1846): Tamsen E. Donner, "Letter from Tamsen E. Donner, June 16, 1846". MEXICAN VIEW OF U.S OCCUPATION (1847): Jose Fernando Ramirez, "Mexico During the War with the United States". SAN FRANCISCO AND THE CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH (1848): E. Gould Buffum, "Six Months in the Gold Mines". "CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE" (1849): Henry David Thoreau, "Civil Disobedience". THE QUESTION OF CUBAN ANNEXATION (1853): "Cuba and the United States: The Policy of Annexation Discussed". 12. SLAVERY AND THE OLD SOUTH. THE TRIAL OF DENMARK VESEY (1822): "The Trial of Denmark Vesey, a free black man." THE ALABAMA FRONTIER (1821): Anne Royal to her sister. A REACTION TO THE NAT TURNER REVOLT (1831): "Insurrection in Southampton County". THE PLANTATION LABOR FORCE (1838-39): Frances Anne Kemble, "Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839". LABOR AT THE TREDEGAR IRON WORKS (1847): "Abolition Movement in Virginia". MARTIN DELANY AND AFRICAN AMERICAN NATIONALISM (1852): Martin R. Delany, "The Condition, Emigration, and Destiny of the Colored People of the United States, Politically Considered". A SLAVE DESCRIBES SUGAR CULTIVATION (1853): Solomon Northup, "Twelve Years a Slave". A DEFENSE OF SOUTHERN SOCIETY (1854): George Fitzhugh, "The Sociology for the South; Or, The Failure of Free Society". THE SOUTHERN YEOMEN (1860): Daniel R. Hundley, "Social Relations in Our Southern States". 13. ORIGINS OF THE CIVIL WAR. AN AFRICAN AMERICAN MINISTER RESPONDS TO THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW (1851): Samuel R. Ward, "Autobiography of a Fugitive Negro". SOUTHERN REVIEW OF UNCLE TOM'S CABIN (1852). CHARLES SUMNER ON "BLEEDING KANSAS" (1856): "Speech on Kansas". CHICAGO TRIBUNE ON THE DRED SCOTT v. SANFORD DECISION (1857): "The Past and Present". SENSIBLE HINTS TO THE SOUTH (1858): "Sensible Hints to the South". THE FREEPORT DOCTRINE: "Mr. Douglas's Speech". FREDERICK DOUGLASS ON JOHN BROWN (1859): Frederick Douglass, "Capt. John Brown Not Insane". INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF SOUTH CAROLINA GOVERNOR FRANCIS PICKENS (1860): "The News From Columbia". 14. THE CIVIL WAR. MARY BOYKIN CHESNUT, THE ATTACK ON FORT SUMTER (1861): Mary Boykin Chesnut, "A Diary from Dixie". "A WAR TO PRESERVE THE UNION" (1861): Abraham Lincoln, "Message to Congress in Special Session, July 4, 1861". JEFFERSON DAVIS RESPONDS TO THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION (1862): "The President's Message". GEORGE PICKETT ON THE "CHARGE" (1863): George Edward Pickett, "George Edward Pickett to LaSalle Corbell Pickett, July 4, 1863. NEW YORK CITY DRAFT RIOTS (1863): "The Late Riots—A Mountain Reduced to a Molehill". AFRICAN-AMERICAN TROOPS IN COMBAT (1863): William Wells Brown, "The Negro in the American Rebellion: His Heroism and His Fidelity". THE SOUTHERN HOMEFRONT (1863): A Richmond Lady [Sallie A. Putnam], "Richmond During the War". GENERAL WILLIAM T. SHERMAN ON WAR (1864): William T. Sherman to James M. Calhoun (Mayor), E.E. Rawson and S.C. Wells, 12 September 1864. LINCOLN'S SECOND INAUGURAL ADDRESS (1865). 15. RECONSTRUCTION. A NORTHERN TEACHER'S VIEW OF THE FREEDMEN (1863-65): Elizabeth Hyde Botume, "First Days Amongst the Contrabands". CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA AT THE CONCLUSION OF THE CIVIL WAR (1865): Sidney Andrews, "The South Since the War". AFRICAN-AMERICANS SEEK PROTECTION (1865): "The Late Convention of Colored Men". THADDEUS STEVENS ON RECONSTRUCTION AND THE SOUTH (1865): "Reconstruction". A WHITE SOUTHERN PERSPECTIVE ON RECONSTRUCTION (1868): Howell Cobb to J.D. Hoover, 4 January 1868. THE KU KLUX KLAN DURING RECONSTRUCTION (1872): U.S. Congress, Testimony Taken by the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States. AN AFRICAN AMERICAN CONGRESSMAN CALLS FOR CIVIL RIGHTS (1874): Congressional Record, 43rd Congress, 1st Session, Volume 2, January 6, 1874. THE SITUATION FOR AFRICAN AMERICANS IN THE SOUTH (1879): "The Flight of the Negroes".

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