Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader / Edition 8

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Engaging for all kinds of readers, VOICES OF WISDOM has become the standard for multicultural introductions to philosophy. This collection of culturally diverse readings introduces readers to basic philosophical questions in ethics, epistemology, and metaphysics. The classic writings of Buddha, Plato, the Dalai Lama and others are used to explore important issues such as terrorism, civil disobedience, homosexuality, human rights, animal rights, language, and truth and power. VOICES OF WISDOM introduces readers to the traditional terrain of philosophy as developed in the European tradition in a manner that embraces significant philosophical insights borne out of different cultural legacies.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"An introductory survey with excellent explanations by the author, and an international scope for both ancient and modern philosophy."

"I was extremely impressed with the textbook and feel that it would be a valuable asset to teaching philosophy and religion from a multicultural perspective."

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781111834678
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 1/1/2012
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 656
  • Sales rank: 167,388
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Gary E. Kessler received his Ph.D. from Columbia University where he studied philosophy and comparative religions. After teaching at Bard College, he accepted a position at California State University, Bakersfield where he taught for over thirty years. His most recent research centers on religion and violence. He is the author of numerous articles and books, including VOICES OF WISDOM, which, when first published in 1992, was the first multicultural textbook and reader intended for use in an introductory philosophy class.
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Table of Contents

Part ONE. Introduction Chapter ONE. What Is Philosophy? 1.1. A Definition of Philosophy 1.2. What Is Rationality? 1.3. Reading Philosophy 1.4. Does Philosophy Bake Bread? BERTRAND RUSSELL: On the Value of Philosophy Chapter TWO. Thinking and Writing Philosophically 2.1. A Little Logic 2.2. How to Write Philosophy Part TWO. Value Theory (Axiology) Chapter THREE. How Should One Live? 3.1. Introduction 3.2. The Buddha and the Middle Way THE BUDDHA: The Four Noble Truths WALPOLA RAHULA: The Fourth Noble Truth 3.3. Confucius and the Life of Virtue D. C. LAU: Confucius and Moral Character 3.4. Socrates on Living the Examined Life PLATO: The Apology 3.5. Aristotle on Happiness and the Life of Moderation ARISTOTLE: Nicomachean Ethics 3.6. The Song of God Bhagavad-Gita 3.7. What Is the Meaning of Life? SUSAN WOLF: Meaning in Life Chapter FOUR. How Can I Know What Is Right? 4.1. Introduction 4.2. Kant and the Categorical Imperative IMMANUEL KANT: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals 4.3. Utilitarianism JOHN STUART MILL: What Utilitarianism Is 4.4. Revaluation of Values FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: Beyond Good and Evil FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: On the Genealogy of Morality 4.5. The Divine Command Theory AL-ASHARI: The Theology of Al-Ashari KAI NIELSEN: Ethics Without God 4.6. The Ethic of Care VIRGINIA HELD: Justice, Utility, and Care 4.7. Moral Relativism LOUIS P. POJMAN: A Critique of Ethical Relativism Chapter FIVE. What Makes a Society Just? 5.1. Introduction 5.2. God and Justice KHALED ABOU EL FADL: Islam and Democracy 5.3. Capitalism and Exploitation KARL MARX AND FRIEDRICH ENGELS: Manifesto of the Communist Party 5.4. The Original Position JOHN RAWLS: A Theory of Justice 5.5. Our Obligation to the State PLATO: Crito 5.6. Civil Disobedience MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.: Letter from Birmingham Jail 5.7. God is Red VINE DELORIA, JR.: Sacred Places and Moral Responsibility Chapter SIX. Is Justice for All Possible? 6.1. Introduction 6.2. Sexism, Racism, and Homophobia bell hooks: Ain't I a Woman CORNEL WEST: Race Matters SUZANNE PHARR: Homophobia as a Weapon of Sexism 6.3. Illegal Immigration REGINALD WILLIAMS: A Case for Residency 6.4. Globalization and Justice PETER SINGER: One World: The Ethics of Globalization 6.5. Terrorism and Morality BAT-AMI BAR ON: Why Terrorism Is Morally Problematic 6.6. Philosophy in a Time of Terror JÜRGEN HABERMAS: Fundamentalism and Terror 6.7. The Problem of Too Many People GARRETT HARDIN: The Tragedy of the Commons 6.8. Animal Rights TOM REGAN: The Case for Animal Rights Chapter SEVEN. What Is Aesthetic Value? 7.1. Introduction 7.2. Art as Experience JOHN DEWEY: Having an Experience 7.3. Women and Art LINDA NOCHLIN: Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists? 7.4. Zen Culture D. T. SUZUKI: Japanese Culture and Art 7.5. The End of Art and the Citizen Artist ARTHUR C. DANTO: After the End of Art EMILY HICKS: The Artist as Citizen Part THREE. Epistemology Chapter EIGHT. Is Knowledge Possible? 8.1. Introduction 8.2. Sufi Mysticism AL-GHAZALI: Deliverance from Error 8.3. Is Certainty Possible? RENÉ DESCARTES: Meditations I and II 8.4. Empiricism and Limited Skepticism DAVID HUME: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding 8.5. Should We Believe Beyond the Evidence? WILLIAM K. CLIFFORD: The Ethics of Belief WILLIAM JAMES: The Will to Believe 8.6. Classical Indian Epistemology JOHN M. KOLLER: Knowledge and Reality 8.7. Feminist Epistemology ALESSANDRA TANESINI: The Importance of Standpoint in Feminism Chapter NINE. Does Science Tell Us the Whole Truth and Nothing but the Truth? 9.1. Introduction 9.2. How Do We Come to Believe? CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE: The Fixation of Belief 9.3. The Growth of Scientific Knowledge KARL POPPER: Conjectures and Refutations 9.4. Scientific Revolutions THOMAS S. KUHN: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 9.5. Science and Traditional Thought KWAME ANTHONY APPIAH: Old Gods, New Worlds 9.6. Feminism and Science HELEN E. LONGINO: Can There Be a Feminist Science? Part FOUR. Metaphysics Chapter TEN. What Is Really Real? 10.1. Introduction 10.2. The Dao LAOZI: Dao De Jing 10.3. Platonic Dualism PLATO: The Republic 10.4. Nondualism SHANKARA: The Crest-Jewel of Discrimination 10.5. Subjective Idealism GEORGE BERKELEY: The Principles of Human Knowledge 10.6. Pre-Columbian Cosmologies JORGE VALADEZ: Pre-Columbian Philosophical Perspectives 10.7. Why Is There Something Rather than Nothing? MARTIN HEIDEGGER: Introduction to Metaphysics Chapter ELEVEN. Are We Free or Determined? 11.1. Introduction 11.2. Do We Have Real Choices? RICHARD TAYLOR: Freedom and Determinism 11.3. We Are Determined ROBERT BLATCHFORD: Not Guilty 11.4. We Are Free JEAN-PAUL SARTRE: Existentialism 11.5. Karma and Freedom SARVEPALLI RADHAKRISHNAN: Karma and Freedom 11.6. We Are Both Free and Determined NANCY HOLMSTROM: Firming Up Soft Determinism Chapter TWELVE. What Am I? 12.1. Introduction 12.2. You Are Your Mind RENÉ DESCARTES: Meditation VI 12.3. You Are an Embodied Self EVE BROWNING COLE: Body, Mind, and Gender 12.4. You Are a Computing Machine BRUCE H. HINRICHS: Computing the Mind 12.5. You Are Not a Machine JOHN SEARLE: Can Computers Think? 12.6. You Are Meat TERRY BISSON: They're Made Out of Meat Chapter THIRTEEN. Who Am I? 13.1. Introduction 13.2. There Is No Self THE BUDDHA: False Doctrines about the Soul The Simile of the Chariot 13.3. Down with the Ego DEREK PARFIT: Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons 13.4. Where Am I? DANIEL DENNETT: Brainstorms 13.5. Social Identity GLORIA ANZALDÚA: How to Tame a Wild Tongue 13.6. Gender Identity DEIRDRE (DONALD) N. MCCLOSKEY: Crossing Chapter FOURTEEN. Are Religious Claims True? 14.1. Introduction 14.2. Arguments for God's Existence ANSELM OF CANTERBURY: The Ontological Argument ST. THOMAS AQUINAS: The Five Ways 14.3. Can Evil and God Co-Exist? J. L. MACKIE: Evil and Omnipotence 14.4. Unheard Voices of Suffering JACK HERNANDEZ: Job's Wife 14.5. Religion and the Subordination of Women ROSEMARY RUETHER: Is Christianity Misogynist? 14.6. Are All Religions True? THE DALAI LAMA: The Role of Religion in Modern Society 14.7. Are All Religions the Same? STEPHEN PROTHERO: God Is Not One Appendix ONE. GLOSSARY Appendix TWO. PRONUNCIATION GUIDES
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