Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader (with InfoTrac) / Edition 5by Gary E. Kessler
Pub. Date: 06/19/2003
Publisher: Cengage Learning
First published in 1992 this anthology quickly became the standard for multicultural introductions to philosophy. Composed of a group of culturally diverse readings addressing a selection of seminal philosophical questions in ethics, epistemology, and metaphysics, VOICES OF WISDOM introduces students to the traditional terrain of philosophy as developed in the
First published in 1992 this anthology quickly became the standard for multicultural introductions to philosophy. Composed of a group of culturally diverse readings addressing a selection of seminal philosophical questions in ethics, epistemology, and metaphysics, VOICES OF WISDOM introduces students to the traditional terrain of philosophy as developed in the European tradition, yet in a manner that embraces significant philosophical insights borne out of different cultural legacies.
Table of Contents
Part I: INTRODUCTION. 1. What is Philosophy? A Definition of Philosophy. What is Rationality? Why Study Multicultural Philosophy? Joseph Prabhu: "The Clash or Dialogue of Civilizations?" Does Philosophy Bake Bread? Bertrand Russell: "On the Value of Philosophy." Reading Philosophy. Part II: ETHICS. 2. How Should One Live? Introduction. The Buddha and the Middle Way. Buddha: "The Four Noble Truths." Walpola Rahula: "The Fourth Noble Truth." Confucius and the Life of Virtue. D.C.Lau: "Confucius and Moral Character." Socrates on Living the Examined Life. Plato: "The Apology." Aristotle on Happiness and the Life of Moderation. Aristotle: "Nicomachean Ethics." The Song of God. Bhagavad-Gita. Does Life Have Meaning? Daniel Kolak and Raymond Martin: "The Ethics of Emergencies." 3. How Can I Know What Is Right? Introduction. The Categorical Imperative. Immanuel Kant: "Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals." Utilitarianism. John Stuart Mill: "What Utilitarianism Is." Revaluation of Values. Friedrich Nietzsche: "Beyond Good and Evil and On the Genealogy of Morality." Care versus Rights. Joy Roeger-Mappes: "The Ethic of Care vis-a-vis the Ethic of Rights." Moral Relativism. David Wong: "Relativism." 4. What Makes a Society Just? Introduction. God and Justice. Majid Khadduri: "The Islamic Conception of Justice." Capitalism and Exploitation. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: "Manifesto of the Communist Party." The Original Position. John Rawls: "A Theory of Justice." Our Obligation to the State. Plato: "Crito." Civil Disobedience. Martin Luther King, Jr.: "Letter from Birmingham Jail." Sovereignty and Justice: An Indigenist''''s Viewpoint. Ward Churchill: "Perversions of Justice." 5. Is Justice for All Possible? Introduction. Universal Human Rights. Rene Trujillo: "Human Rights in the "Age of Discovery"."United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Racism and Feminism. bell hooks: "Ain''''t I a Woman." Globalization and Justice. Benjamin R. Barber: "Jihad vs. McWorld." Terrorism and Morality. Bat-Ami Bar On: "Why Terrorism is Morally Problematic." Justice and the Land. Aldo Leopold: "The Land Ethic." Part III: EPISTEMOLOGY. 6. Is Knowledge Possible? Introduction. Sufi Mysticism. Al-Ghazali: "Deliverance from Error." Is Certainty Possible? Rene Descartes: "Meditations I and II." Empiricism and Limited Skepticism. David Hume: "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding." Should We Believe Beyond the Evidence? William K. Clifford: "The Ethics of Belief." William James: "The Will to Believe." Classical Indian Epistemology. D. M. Datta: "Knowledge and the Methods of Knowledge." Afrocentric Feminist Epistemology. Patricia Hill Collins: "Toward an Afrocentric Feminist Epistemology." 7. Does Science Tell us the Whole Truth and Nothing But the Truth? Introduction. The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. Karl R. Popper: "Conjectures and Refutations." Scientific Revolutions. Thomas S. Kuhn: "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions." Feminism and Science. Elizabeth Anderson: "Knowledge, Human Interests, and Objectivity in Feminist Epistemology." Japanese Views of Western Science. Thomas P. Kasulis: "Sushi, Science, and Spirituality." Science and Traditional Thought. Kwame Anthony Appiah: "Old Gods, New Worlds." Part IV: METAPHYSICS. 8. What Is Really Real? Introduction. The Dao. Laozi: "Dao De Jing." Platonic Dualism. Plato: "The Republic." Nondualism. Shankara: "The Crest-Jewel of Discrimination." Subjective Idealism. George Berkeley: "The Principles of Human Knowledge." Pre-Columbian Cosmologies. Jorge Valadez: "Pre-Columbian Philosophical Perspectives." So What Is Real? Jorge Luis Borges: "The Circular Ruins." 9. Are We Free or Determined? Introduction. We Are Determined. Laura Waddell Ekstrom: "Arguments for Incompatibilism." We Are Free. Jean-Paul Sartre: "Existentialism." Karma and Freedom. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan: "Karma and Freedom." We Are Both Free and Determined. Raymond M. Smullyan: "Is God a Taoist?" 10. What Am I? Introduction. You Are Your Mind. Rene Descartes: "Meditation VI." You Are an Embodied Self. Eve Browning Cole: "Body, Mind, and Gender." You are a Computing Machine. Bruce Hinrichs: "Computing the Mind." You are not a Computing Machine. John Searle: "Can Computers Think?" 11. Who Am I? Introduction. There Is No Self. Buddha: "False Doctrines About the Soul and the Simile of the Chariot." Down With the Ego. Derek Parfit: "Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons." Where am I? Daniel C. Dennett: "Brainstorms." Social Identity. Gloria Anzaldua: "How to Tame a Wild Tongue." Gender Identity. Deirdre (Donald) N. McCloskey: "Crossing." 12. Is There a God? Introduction. Arguments for God''''s Existence. St. Thomas Aquinas: "The Five Ways." William Craig: "The Kalam Argument from Islam." Gunapala Dharmasiri: "Problems with the Cosmological Argument." Hinduism and Science. P. Venugopala Rao: "Science and Dharma." Creation vs. Evolution. Richard Dawkins: "The Blind Watchmaker." The Mystery of Evil. Louis P. Pojman: "The Problem of Evil." The Gender of God. Mary Daly: "Beyond God the Father." Are All Religions True? John Cobb, Jr: "Beyond Pluralism." Appendix I: Glossary. Appendix II: Pronunciation Guide.
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