Volcanic and Tectonic Hazard Assessment for Nuclear Facilitiesby Charles B. Connor
Pub. Date: 10/31/2009
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Geoscientists worldwide are developing and applying methodologies to estimate geologic hazards associated with the siting of nuclear facilities. Understanding such hazards, particularly in the context of the long functional lifetimes of many nuclear facilities, is challenging. This book documents the current state-of-the-art in volcanic and tectonic hazard assessment… See more details below
Geoscientists worldwide are developing and applying methodologies to estimate geologic hazards associated with the siting of nuclear facilities. Understanding such hazards, particularly in the context of the long functional lifetimes of many nuclear facilities, is challenging. This book documents the current state-of-the-art in volcanic and tectonic hazard assessment for proposed nuclear facilities, which must be located in areas where the risks associated with geologic processes are quantifiable and demonstrably low. Specific topics include overviews of volcanic and tectonic processes, the history of development of hazard assessment methodologies, description of current techniques for characterizing hazards, and development of probabilistic methods for estimating risks. Hazard assessment examples are drawn from around the world. This volume will promote interest and debate about this important topic among researchers and graduates developing methods in geologic hazard assessment, geologists and engineers who assess the safety of nuclear facilities, and regulatory bodies that evaluate such assessments.
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Table of ContentsPreface; 1. Tectonic events and nuclear facilities N. A. Chapman, H. Tsuchi and K. Kitayama; 2. The nature of tectonic hazards M. Cloos; 3. The nature of volcanism C. B. Connor, R. S. J. Sparks, M. Díez, A. C. M. Volentik and S. C. P. Pearson; 4. Tectonic uplift and subsidence N. Litchfield, Y. Ota and D. Merritts; 5. Glacial isostatic adjustment: implications for glacially induced faulting and nuclear waste repositories B. Lund and J. O. Näslund; 6. Using global positioning system data to assess tectonic hazards L. M. Wallace, J. Beavan, S. Miura and R. McCaffrey; 7. Tectonic setting of volcanic centers in subduction zones: 3D structure of mantle wedge and arc crust Y. Tamura, J. Nakajima, S. Kodaira and A. Hasegawa; 8. Conceptual model for small-volume alkali basalt petrogenesis: implications for volcanic hazards at the proposed Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository F. J. Spera and S. J. Fowler; 9. Aspects of volcanic hazard assessment for the Bataan nuclear power plant, Luzon Peninsula, Philippines A. C. M. Volentik, C. B. Connor, L. J. Connor and C. Bonadonna; 10. Multidisciplinary probabilistic tectonic hazard analysis M. Stirling, K. Berryman, L. Wallace, N. Litchfield, J. Beavan and W. Smith; 11. Tsunami hazard assessment W. Power and G. Downes; 12. Regional-scale volcanology in support of site-specific investigations H. Kondo; 13. Exploring long-term hazards using a Quaternary volcano database S. H. Mahoney, R. S. J. Sparks, L. J. Connor and C. B. Connor; 14. Estimating spatial density with kernel methods C. B. Connor and L. J. Connor; 15. Cox process models for the estimation of long-term volcanic hazards O. Jaquet and C. Lantuéjoul; 16. Spatial distribution of eruptive centers about the Idaho National Laboratory P. H. Wetmore, S. S. Hughes, L. J. Connor and M. L. Caplinger; 17. Modeling the flow of basaltic magma into subsurface nuclear facilities T. Menand, J. C. Phillips, R. S. J. Sparks and A. W. Woods; 18. Intrusion dynamics for volatile-poor basaltic magma into subsurface nuclear installations A.-M. Lejeune, B. E. Hill, A. W. Woods, R. S. J. Sparks and C. B. Connor; 19. Volcanic risk assessment at Yucca Mountain, NV, USA: integration of geophysics, geology and modeling G. A. Valentine and F. V. Perry; 20. Geological issues in practice: experience in siting US nuclear facilities L. Reiter; 21. Characterizing active tectonic structures for nuclear facilities in Japan D. Inoue; 22. Issues for coastal sites I. G. McKinley and W. R. Alexander; 23. Stable tectonic settings: designing site investigations to establish the tectonic basis for design and safety evaluation of geological repositories in Scandanavia T. McEwen and J. Anderson; 24. The impact of subsidence, uplift and erosion of geological repositories for radioactive wastes I. G. McKinley and N. A. Chapman; 25. Recommendations for assessing volcanic hazards at sites of nuclear installations B. E. Hill, W. P. Aspinall, C. B. Connor, J.-C. Komorowski and S. Nakada; 26. Formal expert assessment in probabilistic seismic and volcanic hazard assessment K. J. Coppersmith, K. E. Jenni, R. C. Perman and R. R. Youngs; Index.
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