Volcanic Eruptions, Earthquakes, and Tsunamis

Overview

A mountain explodes. The earth shakes. Powerful ocean waves crash into coastlines. News reports from around the globe often feature stories about such dramatic and destructive events. In Volcanic Eruptions, Earthquakes, and Tsunamis, author Sean McCollum explores the underground causes of these natural disasters and explains how scientists seek to save lives through greater understanding of Earth's wild and ...
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Overview

A mountain explodes. The earth shakes. Powerful ocean waves crash into coastlines. News reports from around the globe often feature stories about such dramatic and destructive events. In Volcanic Eruptions, Earthquakes, and Tsunamis, author Sean McCollum explores the underground causes of these natural disasters and explains how scientists seek to save lives through greater understanding of Earth's wild and restless geology.

About the Author:
Sean McCollum a writing instructor at Front Range Community College in Colorado

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Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature
Part of the “Scientific American” series, McCollum writes about the geological events that occur on our restless planet. More than that, he writes with immediacy that makes geology a current topic. “The ocean wind carried the stink of rotten eggs to the Iceland coast. Sensitive scientific instruments registered small earthquakes. The Icelanders recognized the signs: somewhere a volcano was spewing gases and preparing to erupt.” In each of his chapters, McCollum offers both the scientific explanations of how and why volcanoes erupt or earthquakes occur, and the effect that those events have on the people living nearby. Sometimes the event is catastrophic, as was true with the December 2004 tsunami that hit Southeast Asia, but some events are predictable and the toll on human life can be mitigated. This was true with the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980. In addition to a chapter each on the volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunamis, McCollum writes about the engineering of building safer cities in an earthquake zone, and the science of predicting when volcanoes will erupt, or tsunamis will strike. Illustrated with diagrams and photos of events, this is a book that will work well for reports and non-fiction readers alike. Backmatter includes glossary, bibliography, further resources, and index. Reviewer: Amy S. Hansen
School Library Journal

Gr 5-7- Following an introduction that focuses on the formation of a volcano off the coast of Iceland in 1963 and presents the principles of seismology, geology, and the structure of the Earth, individual chapters on volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunamis describe these phenomena, how they happen, and their characteristics. Subsequent passages discuss precautionary changes in building codes and bridge construction and efforts at prediction. Boxed off areas present supplementary information, such as myths, significant scientists, the future of the Earth, tables of the deadliest events, first-person accounts, historical notes, and tables of data. The workmanlike writing is clear, with glossary terms highlighted in the text. Major events, such as Mount St. Helens, the 2004 tsunami, and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, are used as examples, while good color diagrams and photos effectively illustrate ideas presented. Although these topics are readily available in many individual books, McCollum's volume is noteworthy for conveniently bringing them together in one title and highlighting their interrelatedness.-Jeffrey A. French, formerly at Willoughby-Eastlake Public Library, Willowick, OH

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780791090473
  • Publisher: Chelsea House Publishers
  • Publication date: 10/28/2007
  • Series: Scientific American Series
  • Format: Library Binding
  • Edition description: 1ST
  • Pages: 80
  • Sales rank: 1,001,629
  • Age range: 10 - 13 Years
  • Product dimensions: 6.60 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 0.40 (d)

Table of Contents


This Restless Planet     7
Volcanic Eruptions: When the Magma Rises     18
Earthquakes: Shocks from Underground     31
Tsunamis: Killer Waves     41
Building for "The Big One"     50
The Probability of Predicting Disaster     59
Glossary     73
Bibliography     75
Further Exploration     76
Index     77
About the Author     80
Picture Credits     80
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