Volcanoes: Global Perspectives / Edition 1

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Volcanoes are essential elements in the delicate global balance of elemental forces that govern both the dynamic evolution of the Earth and the nature of Life itself. Without volcanic activity, life as we know it would not exist on our planet. Although beautiful to behold, volcanoes are also potentially destructive, and understanding their nature is critical to prevent major loss of life in the future. Richly illustrated with over 300 original color photographs and diagrams the book is written in an informal manner, with minimum use of jargon, and relies heavily on first-person, eye-witness accounts of eruptive activity at both "red" (effusive) and "grey" (explosive) volcanoes to illustrate the full spectrum of volcanic processes and their products. Decades of teaching in university classrooms and fieldwork on active volcanoes throughout the world have provided the authors with unique experiences that they have distilled into a highly readable textbook of lasting value. Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion, Suggestions for Further Reading, and a comprehensive list of source references make this work a major resource for further study of volcanology. Volcanoes maintains three core foci: Global perspectives explain volcanoes in terms of their tectonic positions on Earth and their roles in earth history Environmental perspectives describe the essential role of volcanism in the moderation of terrestrial climate and atmosphere Humanitarian perspectives discuss the major influences of volcanoes on human societies. This latter is especially important as resource scarcities and environmental issues loom over our world, and as increasing numbers of people are threatened by volcanic hazards Readership Volcanologists, advanced undergraduate, and graduate students in earth science and related degree courses, and volcano enthusiasts worldwide.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Overall I would highly recommend this work to anyone whowishes to understand volcanoes from a globalperspective.”  (Bull Volcanol, 2011)

"Volcanoes will satisfy everybody interested in this fascinatingtopic, but most of all this textbook is written for volcanologists,and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in Earthsciences." (Pure and Applied Geophysics, 2011)

"This is an impressive new textbook on volcanoes written by twoUS volcanologists with considerable expertise. The text isinformative, readable, well referenced and beautifully illustratedthroughout with many helpful colour diagrams and photos . . . Iexpect many will purchase it and I strongly recommend it for allcollege libraries." (The Geographical Journal, 2011)

"But these caveats notwithstanding, Featherstone has written anexcellent and often passionate account of the relationalgeographies of counter-global resistance that makes importantcontributions to debates on social movements, resistance, andspace; it will become a landmark text in the political geographiesof resistance." (Area, 2011)

"Overall I would highly recommend this work to anyone who wishesto understand volcanoes from a global perspective." (Bull Volcanol,2011)

"Essential. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals;general readers". (Choice, 1 November 2010)

Included on the Outstanding Academic Title 2010 list by Choice Magazine     (1January 2011)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405162500
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/24/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 552
  • Sales rank: 728,666
  • Product dimensions: 8.60 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Jack Lockwood worked for the US Geological Survey for over30 years, including 20 years in Hawaii, based at the HawaiianVolcano Observatory. He now runs a consulting business, GeohazardsConsultants International.

Richard (Rick) Hazlett is Coordinator of theEnvironmental Analysis Program and a member of the GeologyDepartment at Pomona College in Claremont, California, where heteaches an upper-level course in physical volcanology.

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Table of Contents



1. Eruptions, Jargon, and History.

A "Grey Volcano" in Eruption – Galunggung –1982.

A "Red Volcano" in Eruption – Kilauea – 1974.

Some Basic Terminology.

History of Volcanology.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.


2. Global Perspectives – Plate Tectonics andVolcanism.

Birth of a Theory.

Volcanoes along Divergent Plate Boundaries.

Volcanoes along Convergent Plate Boundaries.

Intraplate Volcanoes.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

3. The Nature of Magma – Where Volcanoes ComeFrom.

Origins of Magma.

The Physics and Chemistry of Melting.

Classification of Magma and Igneous Rocks.

Principal Magma Types.

Magmatic and Volcanic Gases.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

4. The Physical Properties of Magma and Why itErupts.

Magma Temperatures.

Magma Rheology.

Magma Ascent and Emplacement.

"Frozen Magma" – Subvolcanic Intrusives.

Triggers for Volcanic Eruptions – Why Volcanoes Erupt.

Repose Intervals.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.


5. Classifying Volcanic Eruptions.

Lacroix Classification System.

Rittman Diagrams.

Geze Classification Diagram.

Walker Classification System.

Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI).

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

6. Effusive Volcanic Eruptions and Their Products.

Mafic and Intermediate Effusive Eruptions.

Pahoehoe and 0A0a.


Pahoehoe Surface Structures.

Lava Flow Internal Structures.

0A0a Surface Structures.

Block Lavas.

Radiocarbon Dating of Prehistoric Lava Flows.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

7. An Overview of Explosive Eruptions and TheirProducts.

Ejecta Classification.

Explosive Eruption Styles and Their Products.

Pyroclastic Density Currents (PDCs).

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

8. A Closer Look at Large-scale Explosive Eruptions.

Measuring the Sizes of Plinian Eruptions.

Plinian Eruption Dynamics.

Pyroclastic Density Currents (PDCs).

Directed Blasts.


Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.


9. Constructional ("Positive") Volcanic Landforms.

Large Igneous Provinces.

Shield Volcanoes.

Composite Volcanoes.

Minor Volcanic Landforms.

Volcano Old Age and Extinction.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

10. "Negative" Volcanic Landforms – Craters andCalderas.

Small Craters.


Post-caldera Resurgence.

Caldera Formation Mechanisms.

Caldera Roots – Relationships to Plutonic Rocks.

Volcano-tectonic Depressions.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

11. Mass-wasting Processes and Products.

Landslides, Avalanches, and Sector Collapses.


Causes of Lahars.

Lahar Dynamics.

Lahar Destructiveness.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

12. Volcanoes Unseen and Far Away.

Submarine and Subglacial Volcanoes – The Meeting of Fire,Water, and Ice.

Extraterrestrial Volcanoes.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.


13. Volcanoes: Life, Climate, and Human History.

Volcanoes and the Origin of Life.

Volcanoes, Atmosphere, and Climate.

Volcanic Influence on Soil Fertility and Agriculture.

Volcanoes and Human History.

Social Impact of Volcanic Eruptions.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

14. Volcanic Hazards and Risk – Monitoring andMitigation.

Hazards and Risk.

Active, Dormant, and Extinct Volcanoes.

Volcanic Hazards.

Volcanic Risk.

Volcano Monitoring.

Volcanic Crisis Management.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

15. Economic Volcanology.

Earth Energy Relationships.

Volcano Energy.

Stored Energy: Geothermal Power.

Volcanoes and Ore Deposits.

Other Useful Volcanic Materials.

Further Reading.

Questions for Thought, Study, and Discussion.

Epilogue: The Future of Volcanology.



Appendix: List of Prominent World Volcanoes.

Map: Prominent World Volcanoes.

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    The note had a drawing

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    56 bucks really

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    Great information:)!! Perfect for science research, and projects

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