François-Marie Arouet (1694-1778) was a French writer, philosopher, critic, cynic, historian, and key Enlightenment figure who wrote under the pen name Voltaire. Voltaire was noted for his advocacy of civil liberties, the separation of church and state, free expression, and free trade. An outspoken critic of the Catholic Church and many French institutions, Voltaire wrote more than two thousand books and pamphlets and perhaps 20,000 letters, many satirical in nature.
Voltaire's Candideby Voltaire
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Widely considered to be one of the most significant works of the Western canon, Voltaire's novel tells the tale of its naive protagonist Candide, taught to believe in optimism. Candide undergoes a series of extraordinary hardships, parodying many adventure and romance cliches.
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