Volume VIII, Statesman. Philebus. Ion (Loeb Classical Library)

Volume VIII, Statesman. Philebus. Ion (Loeb Classical Library)

by Plato
     
 

ISBN-10: 0674991826

ISBN-13: 9780674991828

Pub. Date: 01/28/1925

Publisher: Harvard University Press

Plato, the great philosopher of Athens, was born in 427 BCE. In early manhood an admirer of Socrates, he later founded the famous school of philosophy in the grove Academus. Much else recorded of his life is uncertain; that he left Athens for a time after Socrates' execution is probable; that later he went to Cyrene, Egypt, and Sicily is possible; that he was

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Overview

Plato, the great philosopher of Athens, was born in 427 BCE. In early manhood an admirer of Socrates, he later founded the famous school of philosophy in the grove Academus. Much else recorded of his life is uncertain; that he left Athens for a time after Socrates' execution is probable; that later he went to Cyrene, Egypt, and Sicily is possible; that he was wealthy is likely; that he was critical of 'advanced' democracy is obvious. He lived to be 80 years old. Linguistic tests including those of computer science still try to establish the order of his extant philosophical dialogues, written in splendid prose and revealing Socrates' mind fused with Plato's thought.

In Laches, Charmides, and Lysis, Socrates and others discuss separate ethical conceptions. Protagoras, Ion, and Meno discuss whether righteousness can be taught. In Gorgias, Socrates is estranged from his city's thought, and his fate is impending. The Apology (not a dialogue), Crito, Euthyphro, and the unforgettable Phaedo relate the trial and death of Socrates and propound the immortality of the soul. In the famous Symposium and Phaedrus, written when Socrates was still alive, we find the origin and meaning of love. Cratylus discusses the nature of language. The great masterpiece in ten books, the Republic, concerns righteousness (and involves education, equality of the sexes, the structure of society, and abolition of slavery). Of the six so-called dialectical dialogues Euthydemus deals with philosophy; metaphysical Parmenides is about general concepts and absolute being; Theaetetus reasons about the theory of knowledge. Of its sequels, Sophist deals with not-being; Politicus with good and bad statesmanship and governments; Philebus with what is good. The Timaeus seeks the origin of the visible universe out of abstract geometrical elements. The unfinished Critias treats of lost Atlantis. Unfinished also is Plato's last work of the twelve books of Laws (Socrates is absent from it), a critical discussion of principles of law which Plato thought the Greeks might accept.

The Loeb Classical Library edition of Plato is in twelve volumes.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674991828
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Publication date:
01/28/1925
Series:
Loeb Classical Library Series, #164
Edition description:
8th printing/1st pub.1925
Pages:
480
Product dimensions:
4.00(w) x 6.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction
Select Bibliography
1Convention under Attack3
2The Challenge to Socrates44
3Fundamentals of Inner Politics57
4Primary Education for the Guardians70
5The Guardians' Life and Duties115
6Inner and Outer Morality133
7Women, Children, and Warfare159
8Philosopher Kings190
9The Supremacy of Good227
10Educating Philosopher Kings250
11Warped Minds, Warped Societies277
12Happiness and Unhappiness320
13Poetry and Unreality344
14Rewards Now and Hereafter363
Explanatory Notes380
Textual Notes460
Appendix: Cleitophon462
Index of Names469

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