Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements [NOOK Book]

Overview

Preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) play an increasingly prominent role in the global political economy, two notable examples being the European Union and the North American Free Trade Agreement. These agreements foster economic integration among member states by enhancing their access to one another's markets. Yet despite the importance of PTAs to international trade and world politics, until now little attention has been focused on why governments choose to join them and how governments design them. This ...

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Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

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Overview

Preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) play an increasingly prominent role in the global political economy, two notable examples being the European Union and the North American Free Trade Agreement. These agreements foster economic integration among member states by enhancing their access to one another's markets. Yet despite the importance of PTAs to international trade and world politics, until now little attention has been focused on why governments choose to join them and how governments design them. This book offers valuable new insights into the political economy of PTA formation. Many economists have argued that the roots of these agreements lie in the promise they hold for improving the welfare of member states. Others have posited that trade agreements are a response to global political conditions. Edward Mansfield and Helen Milner argue that domestic politics provide a crucial impetus to the decision by governments to enter trade pacts. Drawing on this argument, they explain why democracies are more likely to enter PTAs than nondemocratic regimes, and why as the number of veto players--interest groups with the power to block policy change--increases in a prospective member state, the likelihood of the state entering a trade agreement is reduced. The book provides a novel view of the political foundations of trade agreements.

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Editorial Reviews

Review of International Organizations
[T]heirs is a magnificent book, among the most provocative written on the subject. . . . Nobody interested in the political economy of trade can ignore this book. Without question, it will be widely read and cited, as it deserves to be.
— Kerry A. Chase
Review of International Organizations - Kerry A. Chase
[T]heirs is a magnificent book, among the most provocative written on the subject. . . . Nobody interested in the political economy of trade can ignore this book. Without question, it will be widely read and cited, as it deserves to be.
From the Publisher
"[T]heirs is a magnificent book, among the most provocative written on the subject. . . . Nobody interested in the political economy of trade can ignore this book. Without question, it will be widely read and cited, as it deserves to be."—Kerry A. Chase, Review of International Organizations

"Votes, Vetoes and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements . . . stands as the most comprehensive modern treatment of the domestic political economy of trade agreements. It is essential reading for economists, political scientists, and policy analysts interested in the trade agreements and the evolution of the international trade system."—Pravin Krishna, Journal of Economic Literature

"Overall, this is a highly compelling book that deserves a wide readership. The authors managed to anticipate and defuse many potential objections to their argument. Moreover, the empirical examination serves as a model of excellent research."—Andreas Dur, Perspectives on Politics

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781400842537
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Publication date: 5/27/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition description: Course Book
  • Pages: 224
  • File size: 3 MB

Meet the Author

Edward D. Mansfield is the Hum Rosen Professor of Political Science at the University of Pennsylvania. Helen V. Milner is the B. C. Forbes Professor of Public Affairs at Princeton University.
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Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables vii
Preface and Acknowledgments ix
Commonly Used Abbreviations xi

Chapter 1: Introduction 1
What Are PTAs and Why Are They Important? 5
Economic Effects of PTAs 7
Political and Security Effects of PTAs 8
PTAs in Historical Perspective 9
The Effects of Domestic Politics on PTAs: The Argument in Brief 14
The Broader Theoretical Context 19
Organization of the Book 21

Chapter 2: A Political Economy Theory of International Trade Agreements 23
A Political Economy Theory of PTAs 24
Examining the Assumptions Underlying the Theory 30
An Alternative Argument about PTAs and Domestic Politics:
The Role of Interest Groups 37
Regime Type, Domestic Political Costs, and PTAs 41
Two Cases of Democracy and PTA Formation: SADC and Mercosur 45
Veto Players, Transaction Costs, and PTAs 55
Some Illustrations of the Effects of Veto Players on PTA Formation 58
Further Effects of Domestic Politics on International Trade Agreements: Auxiliary Hypotheses 63
Conclusion 68

Chapter 3: Systemic Influences on PTA Formation 70
International Influences on PTA Formation 71
The Models and Estimation Procedures 77
Estimates of the Parameters 83
The GATT/WTO and PTA Formation 88
Conclusions 90

Chapter 4: Regime Type, Veto Players, and PTA Formation 93
Two Theoretical Propositions 93
Empirical Tests of the Hypotheses 96
Results of the Empirical Analysis 104
Robustness Checks 113
Conclusions 121

Chapter 5: Auxiliary Hypotheses about Domestic Politics
and Trade Agreements 122
PTAs and the Longevity of Political Leaders 124
Partisanship and PTAs 128
Regime Type and Exposure to the International Economy 129
Autocracies, Political Competition, and PTAs 132
The Extent of Proposed Integration and Enforcement 137
Ratification Delay and Veto Players 145
Conclusions 151

Chapter 6: Conclusions 155
The Argument and Evidence in Brief 156
Some Implications for the Study of International Relations 161
PTAs and the World Economy 171
PTAs and the International Political Economy: Power and Politics 174

Bibliography 179
Index 201

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