Vulnerability in Developing Countries

Vulnerability in Developing Countries

by Wim Naude
     
 

ISBN-10: 9280811711

ISBN-13: 9789280811711

Pub. Date: 09/17/2009

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

More than a billion people live in extreme poverty, and many face the possibility of never escaping from it. Millions more may be at risk of falling into poverty. These risks are exacerbated by natural hazards, ill-health, and macroeconomic volatility. This massive, widespread vulnerability to poverty has become one of the defining challenges of our times. To

Overview

More than a billion people live in extreme poverty, and many face the possibility of never escaping from it. Millions more may be at risk of falling into poverty. These risks are exacerbated by natural hazards, ill-health, and macroeconomic volatility. This massive, widespread vulnerability to poverty has become one of the defining challenges of our times. To effectively combat it, we need to better understand vulnerability, particularly in developing countries where people do not have the same bulwarks against risks as those in more developed nations.

Through essays from leading scholars, this volume focuses on critical dimensions of vulnerability in developing countries, such as its relationship with poverty, and vulnerability arising from poor health and external shocks. Reflecting the multidimensionality of vulnerability, it showcases a variety of methodologies that offer new perspectives on the notion of vulnerability in economic development. Case studies range from some of the largest countries in the world, such as China and India, to countries in transition, small island states, and failing states. This book is a timely reminder of what remains to be done to reduce the risk of poverty.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9789280811711
Publisher:
Brookings Institution Press
Publication date:
09/17/2009
Pages:
292
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Figures vii

Tables x

Boxes xiii

Contributors xiv

Foreword Anthony Shorrocks xviii

Acknowledgements xx

Abbreviations xxii

1 Vulnerability in developing countries: An introduction Wim Naudé Amelia U. Santos-Paulino Mark McGillivray 1

Part I Income and health 11

2 Measuring vulnerability and poverty: Estimates for rural India Raghav Gaiha Katsushi Imai 13

3 Vulnerability, trust and micro-credit: The case of China's rural poor Calum G. Turvey Rong Kong 55

4 Assets, poverty dynamics and vulnerability: Evidence from rural Tajikistan Oleksiy Ivaschenko Cem Mete 81

5 Vulnerability, poverty and coping in Zimbabwe Kate Bird Martin Prowse 118

6 Vulnerability dynamics and HIV risk in the semi-arid tropics of rural Andhra Pradesh B. Valentine Joseph Gandhi Ma. Cynthia Serquiña Bantilan Devanathan Parthasarathy 156

7 Vulnerability to hunger: Responding to food crises in fragile states Colin Andrews Margarita Flores 190

Part II Natural hazards and macroeconomic shocks 213

8 Vulnerability of small-island economies: The impact of "natural" disasters in the Caribbean Martin Philipp Heger Alex Julca Oliver Paddison 215

9 Natural disasters and remittances: Poverty, gender and disaster vulnerability in Caribbean SIDS Marlene Attzs 249

10 Growth-oriented macroeconomic policies for small-island economies: Lessons from Singapore Anis Chowdhury 262

Part III Conclusion 289

11 Vulnerability in developing countries: Implications and conclusions Wim Naudé Amelia U. Santos-Paulino Mark McGillivray 291

Index 304

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