Uh-oh, it looks like your Internet Explorer is out of date.

For a better shopping experience, please upgrade now.

Walk: How to Apply the Bible

Walk: How to Apply the Bible

by James L. Nicodem

See All Formats & Editions

How do we draw practical applications from the Bible?

Reading the Bible should be like gazing into a mirror—we should look for a true reflection of ourselves and note the changes that need to be made in our lives. But how is this done?

Pastor Jim Nicodem encourages us in this difficult but vitally important challenge. Using the COMA method


How do we draw practical applications from the Bible?

Reading the Bible should be like gazing into a mirror—we should look for a true reflection of ourselves and note the changes that need to be made in our lives. But how is this done?

Pastor Jim Nicodem encourages us in this difficult but vitally important challenge. Using the COMA method (Context, Observation, Message, Application), he offers helpful and understandable instruction on how a Christian can learn to “walk” what the Bible teaches as we go through life.

Perfect for believers at any stage and those discipling others, Walk is a wonderful guide for those seeking to follow Jesus, honor God, and walk in the way of the Word.

Product Details

Moody Publishers
Publication date:
Edition description:
New Edition
Product dimensions:
4.90(w) x 6.90(h) x 0.60(d)

Read an Excerpt


How to Apply the Bible

By James L. Nicodem, Jim Vincent

Moody Publishers

Copyright © 2013 James L. Nicodem
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-0-8024-8409-3


Light for the Path

IF YOU EVER GET THE opportunity to visit Israel, make sure you visit Hezekiah's Tunnel—but bring a flashlight with you! Otherwise you will walk in complete darkness during your tunnel tour. The tunnel, located on the south side of the old city of Jerusalem, was constructed back in 700 BC by Israel's King Hezekiah as he was getting ready for an Assyrian invasion.

Jerusalem's major water supply at the time was the Gihon Spring, which, unfortunately, was located outside the city walls. That's not a good spot for your major water supply if your city is about to come under siege!

So King Hezekiah covered over the Gihon Spring and began building an underground aqueduct to divert the water to a pool (the Pool of Siloam) inside the city walls. One team of underground diggers started at the spring, while the other team started at the pool—and they somehow managed to meet in the middle! The finished aqueduct, five hundred yards long, was an engineering marvel in 700 BC.

Besides bringing a flashlight for your tunnel tour, be ready to walk through knee-deep, icy cold water for forty-five minutes. I emphasize that flashlight because I remember Sue and I didn't have one when we made our trek through the tunnel a couple of summers ago. We were enrolled in a course at Jerusalem University College with forty other students, so we were counting on others in the class to come prepared. Only a few of them were. (Where are the Boy Scouts when you need them?)

It was a really, really dark and claustrophobic walk for most of the way. Our only consolation was knowing that if we kept moving forward—and the walls were so narrow and the ceiling was so low at times that forward was the only direction we could move—we would eventually end up at our destination. Yup, next time we'll bring a flashlight!

Turn On the Light!

Hezekiah's Tunnel is a metaphorical picture of our lives. On any given day, we can feel like we're in desperate need of light. There's a big decision looming in front of us, or we're in the middle of a crisis, or we're struggling in our parenting, or we're trying to figure out a career path, or there's conflict and confusion in some important relationship. And we're just not sure what to do next. We're in the dark, as the saying goes. We wish somebody would shine a little light on our path.

Well, that's exactly what God offers to do. The light that He shines is the light of His Word. In Psalm 119:105, the psalmist says to God: "Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light for my path." God has given us His Word to illuminate our lives. In this chapter we are going to take a look at three important aspects of that illumination.

Illumination's Source

A few years ago, the elders of our church were wrestling with a difficult situation. One of them mentioned a passage in the gospel of Matthew that he thought might be relevant to our discussion. We all turned to that text to take a closer look at it. But after we read the verses together, we weren't quite sure how to interpret them correctly. No problem. I just pulled a commentary on Matthew's Gospel off my shelf (a book of several hundred pages, written by a Bible scholar) and read aloud what it had to say about our passage. Unfortunately, we didn't understand what the commentary had to say about the passage in Matthew that we didn't understand. (Understand?)

Now what? Fortunately, the New Testament expert who had written that Matthew commentary is a friend of mine. He was one of my professors in graduate school. So I called him up. And I asked him for an explanation of his commentary's explanation of our passage. We had a very enlightening conversation, after which I was able to guide our elders in applying an important principle from Matthew to our difficult situation.

Now, wouldn't you love to have the phone number of your very own Bible scholar/friend on speed dial? When you're reading the Bible this week and come across something you don't understand, you could just punch that number and Bob-the-Bible-Brain would pick up. Then you could ask him: "What's the deal with all those funky dietary laws that Moses recorded in Leviticus?" Or, "What does Paul mean by 'justification' in Romans 3?" Imagine having your very own Bible scholar/friend—just a phone call away.

Hey, I've got an even crazier idea! Instead of calling some modern-day Bible scholar, what if you could text your question to the original author of any portion of Scripture? What if you could contact Moses directly about those funky dietary laws in Leviticus, or ask the apostle Paul himself to explain justification in Romans 3 to you?

OK. I'll go one better than that—better than a modern-day Bible scholar at your service, better than a direct connection with one of the Bible's original authors. What if God Himself—who inspired those original human authors to write what they wrote—were available to explain Bible passages to you? Cool!

Well, I'm not making up this last option. Look at what the apostle Paul wrote to the Corinthians about God's assistance in illuminating our understanding of what He's communicated to us:

For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man's spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. We have not received the spirit of the world but the Spirit who is from God, that we may understand what God has freely given us. This is what we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit, expressing spiritual truths in spiritual words. The man without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him, and he cannot understand them, because they are spiritually discerned. (1 Corinthians 2:11–14)

Now, there's a ton of stuff in these verses that I would love to unpack—but I'm only going to take the time to explain the basic flow of what the apostle Paul is teaching here. First, Paul points out that nobody knows or understands God quite like God's own Spirit (verse 11: "No one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God").

Second, Paul reminds his readers that, if they're now Christ followers, they have God's Spirit living on the inside. This is one of the benefits that Jesus promises those who surrender their lives to Him. When you ask Jesus to forgive your sins and rule your life, He gives you the Holy Spirit as a signing bonus (verse 12: "We have not received the spirit of the world but the Spirit who is from God").

Third, Paul explains that this is the reason that some people understand the things that come from God (e.g., the Bible) and other people don't. If you've begun to follow Jesus and have God's Spirit on the inside, God's Spirit helps you understand God's Word. On the other hand, if you're not yet a Christ follower, then the Holy Spirit doesn't indwell you and it's not surprising that you find the Bible to be confusing, boring, unrelated to your life, or just plain not worth reading.

This means that if you want God's Word to shine light on your path, you first need the Holy Spirit to shine light on God's Word. (That last sentence is so important that I'm going to ask you to go back and read it a second time. Thanks.) Theologians have a name for the truth that I'm describing here. They call it the doctrine of illumination. God wants to speak to you. He speaks through His Word, the Bible. But you won't be able to make sense of what God's saying until you surrender your life to Christ and the Holy Spirit comes to live in you. Have you done that yet?

Now, please don't misunderstand me here. You don't need the Holy Spirit in order to make sense of the Bible from an external standpoint. Anybody can read a Bible and understand it externally. Anybody can follow the meaning of its words, or the structure of its sentences, or the logic of its passages. However, as Martin Luther, the great reformer and theologian of the sixteenth century, put it: there's a big difference between the external clarity of the Bible, which anybody can grasp, and the internal clarity of the Bible—what it means for our lives personally—which only those with God's Spirit on the inside can grasp. (I haven't been able to track down where Luther said this. But trust me—I'm sure he said it.)

And only when you are able to grasp God's Word does it begin to grasp you. Are you experiencing this? When you read the Bible, do things jump off the page at you? Do you get excited as you come across truths that have direct bearing on your life? That's God's Spirit illuminating the text for you.

In fact, every time you pick up your Bible to read it, or study it in a small group, or listen to it in a sermon, it's a good idea to offer a quick prayer: God, may Your Spirit help me understand and apply to my life what I'm about to encounter in Your Word. I can't emphasize strongly enough how important it is to approach God's Word by prayerfully inviting the Spirit to speak to you. If you're a Christ follower, the Holy Spirit is now your internal tutor.

Of course, this doesn't mean that everything you come across in the Bible is going to be easy to understand. Yes, the Holy Spirit is going to help you. But like any good teacher who uses an assortment of pedagogical tools to get the job done (e.g., visual aids, textbooks, lab experiments), the Spirit uses a variety of means to help you understand and apply the Bible to your life: a study Bible, a good small group curriculum, the teaching pastors of your church, and so on. But you will still be amazed—once you have the Holy Spirit on the inside—at how much of the Bible comes alive to you with no outside help.

You may have been raised in a church tradition where you were taught not to study the Bible on your own. Without the assistance of a priest, or a minister, or a rabbi—you were warned—you would not be able to make sense of the Bible. While I would certainly agree that gifted teachers are a tremendous asset when it comes to gaining insight from God's Word, let me repeat my point that the underlying source of all biblical understanding is the Holy Spirit. He is what you need most. And if you have Him, a good portion of the Bible is going to be clear to you without any additional input.

Theologians call this the doctrine of perspicuity. (It's closely related to the doctrine of illumination, which I mentioned earlier.) I'll bet you don't know what perspicuity means. Give up? It means clarity. You gotta love theologians—they choose an obscure word like perspicuity to talk about clarity.

The doctrine of perspicuity expresses a great truth. Here it is (in my own words): God's Word will be clear, for the most part, to those who have put their trust in Jesus Christ. Why? Because the Spirit, as your resident tutor, will illuminate the Bible (see John 14:26; 16:13–15). And once the Spirit begins to illuminate the Bible for you, the Bible will be able to illuminate your life. You will discover, as the psalmist did, that God's Word is "a lamp to [your] feet and a light for [your] path" (Psalm 119:105).

Illumination's Condition

Let me tell you an Old Testament story about a guy named Naaman. (You can find it in 2 Kings 5 if you want to read it for yourself.) Naaman was the commander of the king's army in Aram, one of Israel's adversaries. The Bible describes him as "a great man in the sight of his master and ... a valiant soldier" (v. 1). But in spite of all that Naaman had going for him, he had one horrific problem: leprosy. Leprosy was an incurable disease that could take his life.

As God would have it, in Naaman's household there was a Jewish servant girl who was familiar with the miracle-working ministry of an Israeli prophet named Elisha. When the servant girl told her master about this potential source of healing, Naaman pulled together some money, got a letter of recommendation from his king, and made a beeline for Israel.

Arriving at Elisha's home and expecting to be personally welcomed by the prophet, Naaman was a tad insulted when a servant was sent to the door to greet him. And what was worse—the servant delivered these bizarre instructions to Naaman: "Go, wash yourself seven times in the Jordan, and your flesh will be restored" (v. 10). Well, Naaman was a proud man and the Jordan River was a dirty and unimpressive stream, so he rejected Elisha's secondhand counsel. There was no way that he was going to obey this humiliating directive. Naaman revved up his chariot and prepared to return home to Aram.

But Naaman's servants wouldn't let their boss throw in the towel. They said (my paraphrase of verse 13): "Yeah, it looks like a stupid command—dunk in the Jordan River seven times. But what harm would it do to give it a try?" So Naaman gave it a try. And he came out of the water completely cleansed of his leprosy.

Here's the point that I want to draw out of this story. As long as Naaman refused to heed Elisha's instructions, those instructions had zero impact on his life. In fact, those instructions seemed ridiculous (unreasonable, absurd, preposterous) to him. But once Naaman made up his mind to obey the words of God's prophet, those instructions changed his life. It will work the same way in your life. Only when you come to the Bible with a submissive attitude will the Bible truly impact you.

If you approach the Bible with an unsubmissive attitude, not only will you gain nothing from it, you may even conclude that some of its instructions are just plain stupid. So illumination's condition is a submissive attitude. God's Word is not going to make sense to you until you approach it with a willingness to do what it says. The Holy Spirit is eager to illuminate the Bible for those who are eager to obey it. Note the close connection between illumination and obedience in the following passage:

Jesus replied, "If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. He who does not love me will not obey my teaching. These words you hear are not my own; they belong to the Father who sent me.

"All this I have spoken while still with you. But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you." (John 14:23–26)

One of the Bible interpretation rules presented in Context is to look for repeating words or ideas. Three very significant words pop up several times in this little clump of verses you just read. Can you pick them out? One of them is "teaching" (or "teach"). Jesus is pointing out something that we already noted in 1 Corinthians 2: the Holy Spirit has been given to Christ followers as an internal Teacher. He is illumination's source. One of His jobs is to help us understand God's Word.

What are the other two repeating words in this passage? Love and obey. If we expect the Holy Spirit's teaching to make sense to us and impact our lives, then we need to approach God's Word in an attitude of loving obedience. That's the condition for receiving illumination.

Let me illustrate the importance of meeting this condition with something Jesus said to a group of His detractors who failed in this regard: "You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are the Scriptures that testify about me, yet you refuse to come to me to have life" (John 5:39–40).

Do you follow Jesus' accusation here? He's telling a bunch of religious leaders that they don't "get" God's Word. Specifically, they don't grasp what the Bible has to say about eternal life. Why not? Well, it wasn't because they hadn't studied the Bible. They were Bible experts! No, the problem was that they didn't meet the condition for Bible illumination. What's the condition? You've got to approach the Bible with a submissive attitude—with a willingness to obey whatever it says. The religious leaders didn't meet that condition, as demonstrated by the fact that they refused to come to Jesus for eternal life even though that's exactly what the Bible instructed them to do!

What about you? What disposition do you bring to the Bible? Do you approach the Bible like it's an all-you-can-eat buffet, where you are free to take what you want and leave the rest? Don't expect the Holy Spirit to illuminate God's Word and God's Word to light your path if that's your attitude. In fact, I'd encourage you to confess any such attitude to God as sin. Tell God you're sorry for the arrogance of picking and choosing which parts of the Bible you're going to obey. Ask Him to forgive you, and to give you a submissive, eager-to-obey-everything-He-says spirit.

A number of years ago, I attended a pastors' conference at a well-known megachurch in California. In fact, the church had recently been in the news. A large group of pro-choice protestors had picketed one Sunday morning because the church had a reputation for teaching a pro-life position.

News reporters and camera crews from nearby Los Angeles TV stations were recording the action. The senior pastor told us of one reporter's comment and subsequent conversation. The TV reporter had stuck a microphone in the pastor's face and said, "I must admit that I've been a little surprised by your church. I wasn't familiar with it before today, so when I heard that you were being picketed by a pro-choice group, I just imagined a different sort of church than the one I've found."


Excerpted from Walk by James L. Nicodem, Jim Vincent. Copyright © 2013 James L. Nicodem. Excerpted by permission of Moody Publishers.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

Too many of us, regardless of our familiarity with the stories of the Bible, are blind to the story of the Bible. We miss the forest for the trees. We fail to recognize how the Bible’s many individual stories fit together to tell one mega-story. The macro-story. The story of God and us.

Phil Vischer, Creator of Veggie Tales and What’s in the Bible? video series


Jim Nicodem’s purpose is to lay out, in straightforward, nontechnical language, many of the most important principles of interpretation. He does this so each person may know the foundational principles of biblical interpretation, and so understand many texts. In other words, Jim wants the church he serves, and many other churches, to be filled with men and women who will become better Bible readers.

D.A. Carson, PhD, Research Professor of New Testament at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, Author of New Testament Commentary Survey


As a university professor on a Christian college campus, I can tell you that biblical illiteracy is on the rise. That's why the Bible Savvy series should be a prerequisite reading for everyone. Jim Nicodem puts the cookies on the bottom shelf by making the epic story of the biblical narrative understandable and accessible. The Bible Savvy series lays out the foundation and context for God's Word and then shows us in plain language how to apply the Bible's teachings to our lives step-by-step. It's phenomenal. Whether you are simply intrigued by this ancient text or you are already a devoted Bible believer, you will find the four Bible Savvy books to be incredibly helpful and engaging. Then improve your Bible smarts by reading the Bible for all it’s worth.

Les Parrott, PhD

Seattle Pacific University

Author of You're Stronger Than You Think

The Bible is one of the most precious possessions to a believer living in a restricted nation. I am constantly amazed by the hunger for biblical teaching expressed by those who face persecution daily. Their sacrificial passion should inspire us to rekindle our quest for biblical understanding. Jim Nicodem’s Bible Savvy series is the kind of resource needed to reengage our hearts and minds with God’s Word, and renew a hunger for God’s truth on par with our persecuted brother and sisters.

James E. Dau

President, The Voice of the Martyrs


 Jim has done a masterful job in the Bible Savvy series! In these four concise books, Jim marches with clarity and skill into topics that would be difficult to tackle in a seminary classroom, much less in an American living room. And rather than a monologue, these books create a dialog among the author, the reader, their small group, and the living Word of God. These practical, approachable resources provide foundational training that is greatly needed by nearly every small group and leader I encounter.

Greg Bowman

Coauthor of Coaching Life-Changing Small Group Leaders

Past executive director of the Willow Creek Association



Reading the four books in the Bible Savvy series is like getting a Bible college education in a box! The Lord is calling our nation to a Bible reading revolution, and these books are an invitation to be part of it.

Hal Seed

Author of The Bible Questions and The God Questions

Lead Pastor, New Song Community Church, Oceanside, California


Living in the land of the Bible is considered a privilege by many, but the real privilege is to let the Bible become alive through us, in whatever land we may live. In the Bible Savvy series, Jim Nicodem not only helps us to understand God’s plan to save us, but also His desire to change and shape us through His Word and Spirit in order to be a light in this dark world.

Rev. Azar Ajaj

Vice President and lecturer, Nazareth Evangelical Theological Seminary


 To ignite a love for the God’s Word in others is the goal of any spiritual leader. Communicating God’s Word is the most important of all. Pastor Jim’s Bible Savvy series is the tool, the guide, and the process for worship leaders to go into deep spiritual places. His biblical scholarship, communicated with such creativity, is exactly what is needed in worship ministry today.

Stan Endicott

Slingshot group coach/mentor

Worship Leader, Mariners Church, Irving, California



 Jim Nicodem leads one of America's finest churches. Jim knows how to communicate the truth of the Bible that brings historical knowledge with incredible practical application. The Bible Savvy series is the best I have ever seen. Your life and faith will be enhanced as you use and apply this material to your life.

Jim Burns, PhD 

President, HomeWord

Author of Creating an Intimate Marriage and Confident Parenting 

Pastor Nicodem is like a championship caliber coach: he loves to teach, and he stresses that success comes from mastering the basics. The Bible Savvy series will help you correctly interpret the best Playbook ever written: the Bible. Understanding and applying its fundamentals (with the help of the Bible Savvy series) will lead one to the Ultimate Victory . . . eternity with Jesus.

James Brown

 Host of The NFL Today on the CBS television network

Meet the Author

JIM NICODEM has been the senior pastor of Christ Community Church since its start in 1984. Beginning with a group of six families, the church has grown to over five thousand weekend attendees at four campuses. A significant focus on reaching spiritual explorers has resulted in scores of new believers being baptized each year.Born and raised in the Midwest, Jim received his BA in Biblical Studies from Wheaton College, and his MDiv and DMin from Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. In keeping with Christ Community Church¿s mission to "make passionate disciples of Jesus Christ", Jim loves to mentor others in prayer and the study of God¿s Word. With that goal in mind, he has authored Prayer Coach: For All Who Want to Get Off the Bench and Onto the Praying Field (2008) and the four-book Bible Savvy series (2013).Jim and his wife, Sue, have been married for more than thirty years. They have three adult children, and are the proud grandparents of four grandchildren. Jim enjoys biking, hiking and kayaking for recreation. He loves to hang out in Chicago, where he can watch the Cubs play (no better park than Wrigley) or listen to the world-class Symphony Orchestra.

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Post to your social network


Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews