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From 1895 to 1898, Cuban insurgents fought to free their homeland from Spanish rule. Though often overshadowed by the "Splendid Little War" of the Americans in 1898, according to John Tone, the longer Spanish-Cuban conflict was in fact more remarkable, foreshadowing the wars of decolonization in the twentieth century.
Employing newly released evidence—including hospital records, intercepted Cuban letters, battle diaries from both sides, and Spanish administrative records—Tone offers new answers to old questions concerning the war. He examines the origin of Spain's genocidal policy of "reconcentration"; the causes of Spain's military difficulties; the condition, effectiveness, and popularity of the Cuban insurgency; the necessity of American intervention; and Spain's supposed foreknowledge of defeat.
The Spanish-Cuban-American war proved pivotal in the histories of all three countries involved. Tone's fresh analysis will provoke new discussions and debates among historians and human rights scholars as they reexamine the war in which the concentration camp was invented, Cuba was born, Spain lost its empire, and America gained an overseas empire.
1 Eloy Gonzalo and the Disaster of War 1
2 The Origins of Cuban Independence 15
3 Jose Marti: A Dream of Cuba 31
4 Emilio Calleja and the Failure of Reform 43
5 Maximo Gomez and Total War 57
6 Antonio Maceo and the Battle of Peralejo 69
7 The Cuban Liberation Army 81
8 The Spanish Army 97
9 Arsenio Martinez Campos: Defending the Indefensible 113
10 Mal Tiempo and the Romance of the Machete 123
11 The Invasion of the West 139
12 Valeriano Weyler: The Butcher 153
13 The Death of Maceo 179
14 Reconcentration 193
15 The Monster and the Assassin 225
16 The Jingoes 239
17 Frascuelo versus Edison 251
18 The Splendid Disaster 273