War And Secession / Edition 1

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A decade after the 1971 wars in South Asia, the principal decisionmakers were still uncertain why wars so clearly unwanted had occurred. The authors reconstruct the complex decisionmaking process attending the break-up of Pakistan and the subsequent war between
India and Pakistan. Much of their data derive from interviews conducted with principal players in each of the countries immediately involved-Pakistan,
India, and Bangladesh-including
Indira Gandhi and leaders of the Awami League in Bangladesh.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780520076655
  • Publisher: University of California Press
  • Publication date: 8/19/1991
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 356
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix
List of Abbreviations xiii
1. Prologue and Overview 1
2. Pakistani Politics: Image and Legacy 8
Regionalism, Political Fragmentation, and Distrust 8
Populism and the Demise of the Ayub Regime 21
Designing the Transfer of Power 24
The Two Election Campaigns, 1970 28
3. Indo-Pakistani Relations: Image and Legacy 35
Indo-Pakistani Relations, 1947-1970 38
A Legacy of Misperception 43
The International Dimension 46
Strategies of Coping and Exploiting 50
4. A Culture of Distrust 54
Testing and Preparation for Negotiation 58
Political Fears and Strategies of Polarization 74
Preparation for Military Action 81
5. Crisis Bargaining 91
Reaction and Redeployment 92
The Government's Concession 96
Strategems in the West 102
A New Context 107
6. Constitutional Consensus and Civil War 111
Preliminary Talks between Yahya Khan and Sheikh Mujib 112
Toward a Constitutional Settlement 116
The Ascendancy of the Army 132
7. The Indian Response 134
The Foreign Policy Decision-Making Process in India, 1971 137
From Concern to Crisis 141
8. Pakistan, 25 March-October 1971 154
The "Military Solution According to Plan" 155
After the Crisi 160
Toward a Political Settlement 166
Elections as a Measure of Support 174
9. India and the Prelude to War, June-October 1971 177
The REfugee Issue and Domestic Politics 179
India and the Bangladesh Government in Exile 181
Mobilizing International Support 186
Differences with the United States 191
The Soviet Role from New Delhi's Perspective 196
India and the Other "Concerned" Powers 203
10. War: India 206
Military Tactics 210
The Campaign 213
International Reaction 216
11. War: Pakistan 221
Obsession with India 221
A Strategy of Constraint 222
The War That Wouldn't Happen 225
The Decision on War 227
The Decision to Surrender 230
The Transfer of Power 234
12. Soviet, Chinese, and American Policies in the 1971 Crisis 237
The Soviet Union 237
China 246
The United States 253
13. Interpretations 266
Negotiation and Civil War 266
International Conflict, War, and Secession 274
Notes 281
Participants Interviewed 319
Select Bibliography 327
Index 333
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