War by Land, Sea, and Air: Dwight Eisenhower and the Concept of Unified Command

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In this book a retired U.S. Army colonel and military historian takes a fresh look at Dwight D. Eisenhower's lasting military legacy, in light of his evolving approach to the concept of unified command. Examining Eisenhower's career from his West Point years to the passage of the 1958 Defense Reorganization Act, David Jablonsky explores Eisenhower's efforts to implement a unified command in the U.S. military-a concept that eventually led to the current organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and that, almost three decades after Eisenhower's presidency, played a major role in defense reorganization under the Goldwater-Nichols Act. In the new century, Eisenhower's approach continues to animate reform discussion at the highest level of government in terms of the interagency process.
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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Jablonsky traces the development of Eisenhower's ideas about command and control of world-spanning military forces, including the necessities of coalition warfare. Ike's early work, under MacArthur and Marshall's tutelage, and his experience with the British General Staff, led to our Joint Chiefs of Staff and a streamlined U.S. command structure. In a heavily worked field, this is a strong book for serious readers.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780300171358
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • Publication date: 5/31/2011
  • Series: Yale Library of Military History
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 402
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

David Jablonsky is a retired U.S. Army infantry colonel and is a graduate of the U.S. Army Command and Staff College and the U.S. Army War College. His awards and decorations include the Silver Star and Purple Heart. He is a Distinguished Fellow of the U.S. Army War College at Carlisle, PA, where as professor of national security affairs he held the Elihu Root Chair of Strategy; the George C. Marshall Chair of Military Studies; and the Dwight D. Eisenhower Chair of National Security Studies. He lives in Carlisle, PA.
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Table of Contents

Series Foreword Donald Kagan Frederick Kagan ix

Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction: The Past as Prologue 1

Part I Formative Years, 1903-1941

1 Reform and Education, 1903-1928 7

2 Reform and Experience, 1929-1941 21

Part II Wartime Unified Command, 1941-1942

3 Beginnings of Combined and Joint Command, December 1941-January 1942 35

4 Unified European Theater Command, February-June 1942 47

Part III Wartime Unity of Command and Effort, 1942-1945

5 Unity in Theory: London, June-November 1942 63

6 Testing the Theory: North Africa, November 1942-May 1943 75

7 Unity in Practice: Sicily and Italy, May-December 1943 94

8 The Lessons of Unity Applied: London, January-May 1944 106

9 The Lessons of Unity Vindicated: Normandy to the Elbe, June 1944-May 1945 122

Part IV Peacetime Unification, 1945-1950

10 Unified Command in Washington, June 1945-July 1946 141

11 Creation of the National Security State, July 1946-March 1950 159

Part V Peacetime Unity of Effort and Command, 1950-1952

12 The Great Debate, April 1950-March 1951 185

13 The European Command Test, February 1951-May 1952 201

Part VI Peacetime Unification and Unity of Effort and Command, 1952-1958

14 Executive Reform and the New Look: Strategic Strains on the Concept of Unified Command, 1953 221

15 The Strains Deepen: The President and the JCS, 1954-1956 241

16 Impetus from Space: New Life for the Unified Command Concept, January 1957-January 1958 258

17 Reform Proposals and Congressional Gauntlet, January-June 1958 275

18 Executive-Legislative Reform: The 1958 Defense Reorganization Act, June-December 1958 295

Epilogue: The Unified Command Legacy: Goldwater-Nichols and Beyond 307

Notes 327

Index 379

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