War, Judgment, And Memory In The Basque Borderlands, 1914-1945

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During the first half of the twentieth century, the French Basque province of Xiberoa was a place of refuge, conflict, transit, exile and foreign occupation. At the Liberation of France in 1944, many Xiberoans confronted ongoing local divisiveness, rooted in the interwar years, and faced new conflicts arising from legal and civic judgments made during Vichy and German occupation. This book traces the roots of their divided memories to local and official interpretations of what constituted legitimate judgment, legitimate behavior and justice during those troubled times.

In order to capture a sense of the diverse ways in which Xiberoan Basques responded to the Germans in their midst, the author explores and contrasts the experiences of people in four different communities located within a fifteen mile radius.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780874177381
  • Publisher: University of Nevada Press
  • Publication date: 3/28/2008
  • Series: Basque Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 288
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Sandra Ott is an associate professor at the Center for Basque Studies at the University of Nevada, Reno. She has an M.Litt. and a D.Phil. in social anthropology from Oxford University and lived in Europe for thirty years before returning to the U.S. in 2002. She is the author of a widely acclaimed monograph, The Circle of Mountains: A Basque Shepherding Community (University of Nevada Press), and numerous articles about Basque culture and, most recently, Franco-Basque-German relations during the Occupation. In 2007, she received the Millstone Prize, a national award for exceptional contributions to the study of French history.

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Introduction 1

1 Insiders, Outsiders, and Trans-Pyrenean Relations 7

2 Urdos, a Borderland Moral Community 20

3 Basques in the Great War 33

4 The Roots of Divided Memories in Maule 50

5 Class Conflict, Displacement, and Fear of the Other 59

6 Xiberoans Under Vichy 76

7 The German Occupation and Resistance in Xiberoa 94

8 The Tragedy of Ospitaleku 114

9 Resisting Divisiveness Through Ritual in Urdos 131

10 Denunciation, Rumor, and Revenge in Sustary 145

11 The Divisiveness of Liberation 158

12 Uneasy Commemorations 172

13 Remembering the Resistance in Popular Theater 187

Conclusion 201

Notes 211

Glossary 227

Bibliography 229

Index 241

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