The War Of The Soups And The Sparks

The War Of The Soups And The Sparks

4.0 1
by Elliot S. Valenstein
     
 

ISBN-10: 0231135882

ISBN-13: 9780231135887

Pub. Date: 06/01/2005

Publisher: Columbia University Press

Like the cracking of the genetic code and the creation of the atomic bomb, the discovery of how the brain's neurons work is one of the fundamental scientific developments of the twentieth century. The discovery of neurotransmitters revolutionized the way we think about the brain and what it means to be human yet few people know how they were discovered, the

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Overview

Like the cracking of the genetic code and the creation of the atomic bomb, the discovery of how the brain's neurons work is one of the fundamental scientific developments of the twentieth century. The discovery of neurotransmitters revolutionized the way we think about the brain and what it means to be human yet few people know how they were discovered, the scientists involved, or the fierce controversy about whether they even existed. The War of the Soups and the Sparks tells the saga of the dispute between the pharmacologists, who had uncovered the first evidence that nerves communicate by releasing chemicals, and the neurophysiologists, experts on the nervous system, who dismissed the evidence and remained committed to electrical explanations.

The protagonists of this story are Otto Loewi and Henry Dale, who received Nobel Prizes for their work, and Walter Cannon, who would have shared the prize with them if he had not been persuaded to adopt a controversial theory (how that happened is an important part of this history). Valenstein sets his story of scientific discovery against the backdrop of two world wars and examines the fascinating lives of several scientists whose work was affected by the social and political events of their time. He recounts such stories as Loewi's arrest by Nazi storm troopers and Dale's efforts at helping key scientists escape Germany.

The War of the Soups and the Sparks reveals how science and scientists work. Valenstein describes the observations and experiments that led to the discovery of neurotransmitters and sheds light on what determines whether a novel concept will gain acceptance among the scientific community. His work also explains the immense importance of Loewi, Dale, and Cannon's achievements in our understanding of the human brain and the way mental illnesses are conceptualized and treated.

Columbia University Press

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780231135887
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
Publication date:
06/01/2005
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
0.75(w) x 9.00(h) x 6.00(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

1Setting the stage : the neuron doctrine and synpase1
2The autonomic nervous system : testing drugs on visceral organs and skeletal muscles7
3An idea ahead of its time : the first hint at the existence of chemical neurotransmitters18
4Henry Dale : laying the foundation29
5Otto Loewi : an inspired dream and a speculative leap51
6The road to the Nobel prize68
7Walter Cannon : a near miss by America's most renowned physiologist89
8The war of the soups and the sparks121
9Lowei, Dale, and Cannon : the later years135
10Brain neurotransmitters : a new continent to explore157
11Epilogue : some final reflections181

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