Warships of the Ancient World: 3000-500 BC

Overview

The world's first war machines were ships built two millennia before the dawn of the Classical world. Their influence on the course of history cannot be overstated since they allowed war to be carried to distant lands, allowing for the first time the rise of empires unrestricted by maritime boundaries. The same ships enabled early Mediterranean nations to explore the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and circumnavigate Africa, while leaving a significant impact on the culture and ...
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Warships of the Ancient World: 3000-500 BC

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Overview

The world's first war machines were ships built two millennia before the dawn of the Classical world. Their influence on the course of history cannot be overstated since they allowed war to be carried to distant lands, allowing for the first time the rise of empires unrestricted by maritime boundaries. The same ships enabled early Mediterranean nations to explore the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and circumnavigate Africa, while leaving a significant impact on the culture and military thought of later civilisations.
The famed triremes and penteres of the Classical world were the result of centuries of technological advance and experience. A wide variety of galleys and other types of warships were built by successive civilisations, each with their own distinctive appearance, capability and utility. The earliest of these were the Punt ships and the war galleys of Egypt which defeated the Sea People in the first known naval battle, along with the contemporary ships of Minoan Crete, the first sea power. Following the fall of these civilisations, the Phoenicians built biremes and other vessels with which they created the first Mediterranean-wide trade empire, while in Greece the ships described in detail in the 'Trojan' epics established a tradition of warship building culminating in the pentekonters and triaconters which allowed the Greeks to compete for hegemony on the seas.
The warships of the period are abundantly illustrated on pottery and carved seals, and depicted in inscriptions and on bas-reliefs. A number of ships have also been excavated, from Egypt to Sicily, along with marine artefacts such as anchors and a bronze ram, while there are numerous finds of armour and weapons of the types used by naval personnel in this era. To this material evidence can be added literature from such disparate sources as Homer, the Old Testament and the Classical world's first historians.
The subject has been intensively studied for two and a half millennia, culminating in the contemporary works of authoritative scholars such as Morrison, Wallinga, Rodgers and Casson. Finally there are a number of modern reconstructions, both virtual and real, which have shed new light on the technology and usage of vessels of this period.
To date there are no works covering this subject which are accessible and available to non-academics. This can only be considered a serious oversight due to the importance of this fascinating period.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Author Adrian Wood has done considerable research as he tells the tale of the development of these vessels from multi-purpose ships until we get the first purpose built war ships to where carrying stuff was secondary to the mission. Researching ship design of this time is not an easy task and we have to grab snippets of information from the writings of the time as well as from what is presented on pottery as well as any wall paintings or remaining fragments. However, a cohesive story is told and is one that is fascinating to anyone interested in the nautical world. Enhanced by images of artifacts and the excellent illustrations of Giuseppe Rava, we can see how ship development went forward over the 2500 years covered by this edition. It is a book that is both fun to read and interesting."
--Scott Van Aken, www.modelingmadness.com (February 2013)

"The first book covering the subject of ancient warships that is available to and accessible by non-academics, this book features full-color artwork and illustrations, as well as cut-away art. It details the design, development, operation and history of this ancient machinery."
- Model Retailer (May 2013)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781849089784
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing, Limited
  • Publication date: 1/22/2013
  • Series: New Vanguard Series
  • Pages: 48
  • Sales rank: 638,491
  • Product dimensions: 9.60 (w) x 7.00 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Adrian's fascination with ancient history began with a gift of Timpo toy Roman soldiers at the age of four, and continued through his Honours degree in Ancient History and Classical Archaeology at Sheffield University. Having been previously employed as a professional musician, motorcycle courier, and fork-lift driver, Adrian currently works at the NERC Isotope Geoscience Laboratory. In addition to reading about and researching ancient warfare, he harbours a deep love of music, and enduring affection for dogs and other animals, and a lifelong addiction to wargames, role-playing games, and boardgames of all sorts.
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Table of Contents

Introduction 4

Chronology BCE

Egypt 5

Egyptian ships and seafaring

Warships of Rameses III

Tactics, organization and the battle of the Delta

Ships of the Sea Peoples

Minoan Crete 15

The Minoan Thalassocracy

Minoan ships

Minoan tactics

Bronze Age Syria 20

Ugarit and the Hittites

Syrian ships

Tactics and the battle of Alasiya

Phoenicia: The Legacy of Ugarit 24

Phoenician sea power

Phoenician warships

Phoenician naval practices and tactics

Greece 30

Homeric warlords, warriors and ships

Early pentekonters

Hekatonters

Eikosoroi

Homeric tactics

Colonial wars (c. 700-500 BCE)

Late pentekonters

Triakonters

Archaic tactics and the battle of Alalia

Tyrants and sea power

Polycrates and the Samaina

The end of an era

Bibliography 47

Primary Sources

Select Secondary Sources Index

Index 48

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