Was The Red Flag Flying There? / Edition 1

Was The Red Flag Flying There? / Edition 1

by Joel Beinin
     
 

ISBN-10: 0520070364

ISBN-13: 9780520070363

Pub. Date: 10/19/1990

Publisher: University of California Press


Was the Red Flag Flying There? examines the Palestinian/Arab-Israeli conflict through the lens of Marxist politics. Joel Beinin asks how the proposal to partition Palestine into an Arab and a Jewish state—a solution endorsed by international consensus in 1947-49—became an obscure and even unthinkable option by the mid-1960s. As the most consistent…  See more details below

Overview


Was the Red Flag Flying There? examines the Palestinian/Arab-Israeli conflict through the lens of Marxist politics. Joel Beinin asks how the proposal to partition Palestine into an Arab and a Jewish state—a solution endorsed by international consensus in 1947-49—became an obscure and even unthinkable option by the mid-1960s. As the most consistent adherents of the two-state solution both before and after the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948, the Marxists serve as the focal point of his analysis.

Beinin discusses three Marxist political formations in Egypt and Israel: the communist movement in Egypt; the Communist Party of Israel (MAKI); and the United Workers' Party of Israel (MAPAM), which attempted, but ultimately failed, to sustain a dual commitment to Marxism and Zionism. The failure of these movements and their progressive abandonment of an internationalist orientation toward resolving the Arab-Israeli conflict is explained as a consequence of the ultimate hegemony of nationalist politics in both Egypt and Israel.

Employing both the analytical methods of political economy and a discourse analysis informed by insights drawn from Antonio Gramsci's conception of hegemony, Beinin offers a new interpretation of the significance of Marxist politics in Egypt and Israel. This work builds on and extends the scope of the revisionist history of the Arab-Israeli conflict developed by Israeli scholars during the 1980s, challenging traditional Marxist conceptions of the relationship between anti-imperialist nationalism and the struggle for socialism.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520070363
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
10/19/1990
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
340
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.76(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tablesxi
List of Abbreviationsxiii
Acknowledgmentsxvii
I.Introduction1
Comparing Egypt and Israel5
Revisionist History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict7
Was MAPAM a Marxist Party?15
Nations, the Construction of Hegemony, and Political Discourse17
Structure of the Book19
Narration and Politics21
II.The Creation of Israel: Zionism as Anti-Imperialism24
The Unification of the Marxist-Zionist Left25
MAPAM and the 1948-49 War31
The Palestine Communist Party's Road to Binationalism40
The Communist Educational Association41
The Palestinian Arab Intelligentsia and the National Liberation League42
Two Paths to Endorsing Partition of Palestine43
Toward the Communist Party of Israel48
The Palestine Question and the Egyptian Communists55
The Marxist Left After Partition63
III.The Political Economy of Hegemony66
Labor and Capital in the Zionist Movement67
The Seamen's Strike and Israel's International Orientation73
Confirmation of MAPAI Hegemony76
Deradicalization and Depoliticization of the Kibbutzim79
The Old Regime and the Egyptian National Movement84
The Coup of July 23, 195286
The Revolutionary Command Council and the Working Class88
The Workers' Movement and the 1956 War91
Guided Capitalism93
The Communist Intelligentsia's Accommodation with Nasserism97
Arab Socialism99
IV.A Window of Opportunity? 1949-1955102
The Jewish Question in Egyptian Communism103
The Rise of the Indigenous Intelligentsia110
"The Question of Yunis"113
Was There a "Zionist Deviation" in the DMNL?114
A MAPAM-MAKI United Front?117
Elections to the Constituent Assembly (First Knesset)120
Marxism Engaged in a Jewish Problematic122
The Rise and Decline of the Left in MAPAM125
The Left Socialist Party134
Defense of the Rights of the Arab Minority137
V.Internationalism in Practice Relations Between the Egyptian and Israeli Marxists144
The International Peace Movement145
The Rome Group and DMNL-MAKI Contacts148
Yusuf Hilmi's Peace Initiative153
VI.The Consolidation of Nationalist Politics: 1955-1958160
The Illusion of Success162
Bandung and the Czech Arms Deal164
The Suez/Sinai War and MAPAM's Capitulation172
The Nasserist-Communist Alliance177
Unification of the Egyptian Communist Movement185
The Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and National Communism190
MAKI's Arab Period193
VII.The Triumph of Nationalism: 1959-1965204
Breakup of the Nasserist-Communist Alliance205
Dissolution of the Egyptian Communist Parties208
Nasserism, MAPAM, MAKI, and the Palestinian Arab Citizens of Israel212
Defeat of the Left in the 1959 Knesset Elections218
A New Beginning--or the Beginning of the End?223
MAKI and Jewish National Communism231
Toward the Split in MAKI235
Decline of MAKI's Influence in the Jewish Working Class239
Mobilization of the Palestinian Arab Citizens of Israel243
VIII.Conclusion246
Marxism, Zionism, and Arab Nationalism248
Political Discourse and Political Action253
Epilogue: Toward a Palestinian State and Beyond255
Notes259
Chronology293
Glossary295
Bibliography297
Index309

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