Waste Management: A Reference Handbook

Waste Management: A Reference Handbook

by Jacqueline Vaughn

An authoritative review of issues in waste management both in the United States and globally that measures the scope of the problem and examines the latest scientific and policy initiatives for addressing it.

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An authoritative review of issues in waste management both in the United States and globally that measures the scope of the problem and examines the latest scientific and policy initiatives for addressing it.

Product Details

ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date:
Contemporary World Issues Series
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables xv

Preface xvii

1 Background and History 1

Problems in Defining and Measuring Waste 4

Types and Sources of Waste 5

Household Waste 5

Commercial Waste 5

E-Waste 6

Hazardous Waste 6

Industrial Waste 7

Building Waste 7

Medical Waste 7

Agricultural Waste 8

Universal Waste 9

Waste Management Options 10

Collection 10

Composting 10

Incineration 11

Integrated Waste Management 12

Landfills 12

Mechanical Biological Treatment 13

Phytoremediation 13

Recycling 14

Source Reduction 15

Waste Transfer Stations 16

History of Waste Management 16

Federal Legislation and Regulation 22

Environmental Justice and Waste Management 31

References 34

2 Problems, Controversies, and Solutions 37

Paper or Plastic? 37

So Which Bag Do You Choose? 40

Reducing the Amount of Waste 41

Enhancing and Improving Recycling 43

Dealing with Beverage Cans and Bottles 47

More Trash, Shrinking Landfills 52

Paying for the "Real" Cost of Waste 54

Specialized Waste Management Challenges 55

Super Problems, Superfund 56

Radioactive Waste and Yucca Mountain 60

Debris from Disasters 64

Siting Waste Management Facilities 68

Is Help on the Way? 72

Technological Advances 74

References 77

3 Worldwide Perspective 83

Global Waste Management Efforts 85

Africa 85

Asia 87

European Union 91

Latin America 96

Middle East 98

Oceania and Micronesia 100

International Waste Management Regimes 102

Hazardous Waste Trading 102

Basel Convention 103

Regional Agreements on Hazardous Waste 106

Radioactive Waste 107

Continuing Waste Management Issues 108

Electronic Waste 108

Shipbreaking 110

Uncontrolled Landfills and Scavenging111

References 112

4 Chronology 117

5 Biographical Sketches 143

Robert Bullard 143

Dean Buntrock 144

Joseph R. Cerrell 145

Rev. Benjamin Chavis Jr. 146

Yvon Chouinard 147

Barry Commoner 148

Paul Connett 149

Lois Gibbs 150

Pete Grogan 151

Kenny Guinn 152

Alice Hamilton 153

H. Wayne Huizenga 154

Mary McDowell 155

Martin Melosi 156

Penny Newman 157

Paul Palmer 158

William Rathje 159

Florence Robinson 160

Elizabeth Royte 161

William Sanjour 161

Wilma Subra 163

Terri Swearingen 163

Mike Synar 164

Will Toor 165

Jean Lacey Vincenz 166

George E. Waring Jr. 167

Craig E. Williams 168

6 Data and Documents 171

Early Efforts to Manage Waste 171

Excerpts from a Special Message to the Congress on Conservation, "To Renew a Nation," President Lyndon B. Johnson (March 8, 1968) 172

Waste Management Legislation 175

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (excerpts) 175

Municipal Solid Waste Recycling 176

Creating a Market for Recycled Products 178

EPA Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines Products 179

Global Municipal and Hazardous Waste Generation, Collection, and Treatment 180

The Basel Convention 180

Preamble to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal (March 1989) 182

Hazardous Waste Dumping 185

Speech by Achim Steiner to the Opening of the Eighth Conference of the Parties to the Basel Convention, Nairobi, Kenya (November 27, 2006) 186

National Priorities List of Waste Site Actions 187

"Seven New (Garbage) Wonders of the World" 187

World's Most Polluted Places, 2006 190

How Much Paper Is Recycled? What Happens to Old Newspapers? 195

What Do You Do with Waste Carpet? 195

Recycling Fun Facts 196

U.S. Beverage Container Recycling Scorecard 198

The Nuclear Waste Debate 199

Yucca Mountain 200

Excerpts from a Letter from the President to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate, February 15, 2002 201

Excerpts from the Statement of Kenny G. Guinn, Governor of the State of Nevada, before the U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure Subcommittees on Railroads and Transportation and Hazardous Materials, April 25, 2002 202

Nye County Resolution No. 2004-25 204

Nuclear Age Peace Foundation's Top Ten Reasons to Oppose the DoE's Yucca Mountain Plan, David Krieger and Marissa Zubia, August 23, 2002 205

7 Directory of Organizations, Associations, and Agencies 209

U.S. Government Agencies 209

State Agencies 215

Industry and Trade Associations and Nongovernmental Organizations 225

8 Resources 253

Print Resources 253

Books and Monographs 253

Articles 277

Journals 286

Nonprint Resources 288


Glossary 293

Index 299

About the Author 311

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