Waste Treatment: Reducing Global Waste

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Overview

Green Technology is an eight-volume set that examines the relationship between human activities and their sometimes harmful consequences for the environment and explores new methods of repairing and restoring the Earth. Approaching environmental issues confronting society from a technological perspective has spawned significant controversy, and the books in this set present all sides of the debate. Designed to complement science curricula, the set also covers relevant history and new green technologies and innovations that will contribute to the field in the future.

Waste Treatment: Reducing Global Waste explores how the waste-treatment industry removes, processes, and disposes of human, household, and industrial wastes. The book looks at the global waste problem and the different classifications of materials that are treated through waste management and examines the waste stream-various wastes that move through the environment toward a final disposal. Sidebars citing actual examples and statistics, figures, and case studies enhance fundamental concepts and give the reader a sense of the urgency of the issues related to waste treatment.

The volume includes information on

chemical and biological stabilization

the Clean Air Act

"clean" computers

e-waste

garbage and waste

incineration

reduction and compaction

solidification

vitrification

wastewater treatment

The book contains 40 color photographs and line illustrations, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. Green Technology is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who seek information on the important issues that affect the environmentworldwide.

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Editorial Reviews

School Library Journal
Gr 9 Up—Divided into eight chapters, this volume explains the various means to treat and eliminate waste. Emphasizing that waste management is a global issue, chapters explore incineration, vitrification, solidification and stabilization, compaction, and wastewater treatment. Each chapter begins with a concise overview introducing the main points and ends with a conclusion summarizing those items. Numerous sidebars and case studies offer examples of relevant programs across the globe, charts, graphs, illustrations, and photographs. The central theme of the book is WTE, waste-to-energy: how everyone can reduce the amount of waste and how technology can be used to find innovative ways to turn it into a useful by-product. A useful resource and reference book for advanced science students.—Patricia Ann Owens, Wabash Valley College, Mt. Carmel, IL
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816072040
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 12/1/2009
  • Series: Green Technology Series
  • Pages: 216
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.60 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

1 Assessing Global Waste Management 1

The Growing Problem of Garbage and Waste 2

Hazardous and Nonhazardous Waste 3

Waste Streams 9

Ecosystem Health 11

Waste Management 14

Waste Transport 16

Landfilling 22

Case Study: The Birth of a Throwaway Society 28

Separation and Treatment Technology 28

The Salvage Industry 30

Case Study: Denmark-A Model in Waste Management 31

Conclusion 34

2 Electronic Products and Metals 36

Components of E-Waste 39

Household Batteries 42

Electronics Pollution 43

Heavy Metals from E-Waste 44

White Goods 45

Separation and Reuse 47

Case Study: Community Answers to Surplus Computers 50

New Technologies for Reducing E-Waste 51

Clean Computers 53

Conclusion 55

3 Incineration 57

Methods in Municipal Waste Incineration 60

Incineration and Energy Production 63

Case Study: The Development of the Clean Air Act 64

Incinerated Materials and Air Quality 70

Hospital Waste 72

Clean Incineration 74

Rislc Assessment and Global Needs 75

Conclusion 77

4 Vitrification 79

History of Vitrification 80

High-Level Radioactive Waste 84

The Properties of Glass 85

Handling Immobilized Waste 87

Case Study: The Hanford Nuclear Waste Site 88

Innovations for Vitrifying Radioactive Waste 94

Enriched Uranium and Plutonium 95

Conclusion 100

5 Solidification and Stabilization 101

Controlling Solid and Liquid Waste Streams 102

The Sediment Cycle 104

Rachel Carson 106

Solidification 106

Chemical and Biological Stabilization 109

Case Study: The Sandoz Chemical Spill in Switzerland 113

Underground Disposal 115

Yucca MountainDisposal Site 118

New Technologies in Waste Stabilization 121

Conclusion 123

6 Reduction and Compaction 125

Nonhazardous Solid Waste 127

Volume Reduction 128

Composting 130

Compaction Systems 133

Organic Fertilizers 135

Paper Compaction 137

Products from Compacted Waste 139

Conclusion 142

7 Wastewater Treatment 143

The History of Sanitation 143

Constituents of Wastewater 145

Nitrogen and Phosphorus 148

Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Methods 149

Septic Systems 152

Physical and Chemical Treatments 152

Biological Treatments 156

Natural Treatment Systems 157

Case Study; Wetland Waste Treatment in California 158

Reclamation and Reuse 161

Case Study: San Diego's Recycled Water 163

Conclusion 165

8 Future Needs 167

Glossary 169

Further Resources 176

Index 189

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