Water and Life: The Unique Properties of H20 / Edition 1

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Overview

Reflecting a rich technical and interdisciplinary exchange of ideas, Water and Life: The Unique Properties of H20 focuses on the properties of water and its interaction with life. The book develops a variety of approaches that help to illuminate ways in which to address deeper questions with respect to the nature of the universe and our place within it.

Grouped in five broad parts, this collection examines the arguments of Lawrence J. Henderson and other scholars on the "fitness" of water for life as part of the physical and chemical properties of nature considered as a foundational environment within which life has emerged and evolved. Leading authorities delve into a range of themes and questions that span key areas of ongoing debate and uncertainty. They draw from the fields of chemistry, biology, biochemistry, planetary and earth sciences, physics, astronomy, and their subspecialties. Several chapters also deal with humanistic disciplines, such as the history of science and theology, to provide additional perspectives.

Bringing together highly esteemed researchers from multidisciplinary fields, this volume addresses fundamental questions relating to the possible role of water in the origin of life in the cosmos. It supports readers in their own explorations of the origin and meaning of life and the role of water in maintaining life.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
This book highlights the role that water plays in the origin, environment, and function of life, as well as the importance of water in human beliefs. … Each section includes chapters by leading scholars. … Recommended.
—N.W. Hinman, University of Montana, CHOICE, April 2011

"This most intellectual collection of essays brings into focus how remarkable this ubiquitous molecule water really is. While defining much of what is known it also leaves many questions that still require answers, such as can the evolutionary process both cosmic and organic be regarded as biocentric? Any thinking scientist interested in the life processes will find this a totally fascinating read."
Chromatographia, 2011 73: 1037

"It covers a wide range of subjects in great detail … the book is interesting with well-considered perspectives. … [it] would be of greater interest to water professionals and scholars and may serve to allow greater understanding amongst the many disciplines present in the water research community."
Chemistry World, November 2010

"In the present volume, you will find a much deeper probing, often with the powerful tools of quantum mechanics, of the subtle and sometimes unexpected features of the water molecule in its various states. … You will find here a group of counterfactual studies, where the chemists have picked up the challenge of the cosmologists to imagine other universes where certain physical constants are different. (Of particular interest is the strength of the hydrogen bond, with its implications not only for the physical behavior of water, but for the zipping or unzipping of the nucleic acid links in the strands of genetic DNA.) Toward the end of the book, a more philosophical approach to these pursuits is taken, searching for possible implications to the ‘big questions’ and asking whether anything from the biochemical laboratories hints at an answer about the purposefulness of the universe. Perhaps not unexpectedly, the answers are ambiguous, and the search goes on."
—From the Foreword by Owen Gingerich, professor emeritus of astronomy and the history of science, Harvard University, and senior astronomer emeritus, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781439803561
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 6/2/2010
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 396
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Ruth M. Lynden-Bell is emeritus professor of chemistry at Queen’s University, Belfast and an emerita fellow of Murray Edwards College at the University of Cambridge.

Simon Conway Morris is a professor of earth sciences at the University of Cambridge.

John D. Barrow is a professor of mathematical sciences and director of the Millennium Mathematics Project at the University of Cambridge, and Gresham Professor of Geometry at Gresham College.

John L. Finney is emeritus professor of physics in the London Centre for Nanotechnology at University College London.

Charles L. Harper, Jr. is chancellor for international distance learning and senior vice president of the American University System as well as president of Vision-Five.com Consulting.

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Table of Contents

Foreword ix

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv

Contributors xvii

Part I This Strange Substance Called "Water"

Chapter 1 Is Water an Amniotic Eden or a Corrosive Hell? Emerging Perspectives on the Strangest Fluid in the Universe Simon Conway Morris Ard A. Louis 3

Chapter 2 Water and Life: Friend or Foe? Felix Franks 11

Chapter 3 An Introduction to the Properties of Water: Which Might Be Critical to Biological Processes? John L. Finney 29

Chapter 4 Water as a Biomolecule Philip Ball 49

Chapter 5 Water's Hydrogen Bond Strength Martin F. Chaplin 69

Part II The Specific Properties of Water-How and Why Water is Eccentric

Chapter 6 Properties of Liquids Made from Modified Water Models Ruth M. Lynden-Bell Pablo G. Debenedetti 89

Chapter 7 Understanding the Unusual Properties of Water Giancarlo Franzese H. Eugene Stanley 101

Chapter 8 Counter factual Quantum Chemistry of Water Wesley D. Allen Henry F. Schaefer, III 119

Chapter 9 Properties of Nanoconfined Water Branka M. Ladanyi 135

Part III Water in Biochemistry

Chapter 10 Water: Constraining Biological Chemistry and the Origin of Life Steven A. Benner 157

Chapter 11 Fine-Tuning and Small Differences between Large Numbers John L. Finney 177

Chapter 12 Fine-Tuning Protein Stability Carlos Warnick Pace Abbas Razvi J. Martin Scholtz 189

Chapter 13 Water and Information Thomas C. B. McLeish 203

Chapter 14 Counterfactual Biomolecular Physics: Protein Folding and Molecular Recognition in Water and Other Fluid Environments Peter G. Wolynes 213

Part IV Water, the Solar System, and the Origin of Life

Chapter 15 Sources of Terrestrial and Martian Water Humberto Campins Michael J. Drake 221

Chapter 16 Water: The Tough-Love Parent of Life Veronica Vaida Adrian F. Tuck 235

Chapter 17 What is the Diversity of Life in the Cosmos? Peter D. Ward 249

Chapter 18 The Primordial Bubble: Water, Symmetry-Breaking, and the Origin of Life Louis Lerman 259

Chapter 19 Liquids, Biopolymers, and Evolvability: Case Studies in Counterfactual Water-Life Wilson C. K. Poon 291

Part V Water-The Human Dimension

Chapter 20 Some Early Responses to the Special Properties of Water Colin A. Russell 303

Chapter 21 Lawrence Henderson's Natural Teleology Bruce H. Weber 327

Chapter 22 Water: A Navigable Channel from Science to God? Alister E. McGrath 345

Index 357

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