Water and Power: The Politics of a Scarce Resource in the Jordan River Basin / Edition 1

Water and Power: The Politics of a Scarce Resource in the Jordan River Basin / Edition 1

by Miriam R. Lowi
     
 

Why do states in arid regions fail to cooperate in sharing water resources when cooperation would appear to be in their mutual interest? And under what circumstances could they be encouraged to negotiate even when protracted conflict characterizes interstate relations? Through in-depth analysis of the history and current status of the dispute over the waters of the… See more details below

Overview

Why do states in arid regions fail to cooperate in sharing water resources when cooperation would appear to be in their mutual interest? And under what circumstances could they be encouraged to negotiate even when protracted conflict characterizes interstate relations? Through in-depth analysis of the history and current status of the dispute over the waters of the Jordan River basin, among Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria, and its relationship to the Arab-Israeli conflict, Dr Miriam Lowi explores the answers to these critical questions. By comparing the Jordan waters conflict with disputes in the Euphrates, Indus, and Nile River basins, she evaluates the material and ideal concerns of states with regard to sharing scarce resources with adversarial neighbors, and highlights the significance of water to both conceptions of national security and the local environment. Water and power: the politics of a scarce resource in the Jordan River basin is a provocative and well-researched study of an issue which is rapidly emerging on the international agenda because of the intimate links between environmental factors and their effects on the welfare of populations. This book will be of value to all those with an interest in the recent history and politics of the Middle East, the politics of scarcity, and resource conflicts.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521558365
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
10/26/1995
Series:
Cambridge Middle East Library Series, #31
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
297
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

List of illustration
List of tables
Preface
List of abbreviations
1Introduction: conflict and cooperation in international river basins1
The problem of cooperation3
Cooperation in international river basins: an evaluation of realism and liberalism8
Research design and methodology11
Structure of the book13
2The environment of conflict in the Jordan basin19
The physical environment20
Israel20
Kingdom of Jordan22
The river system23
Water balances28
The human environment: population and settlement33
National sentiment - implications of the nature of population37
Political environment: land and water in the Jordan basin until mid-century40
The psychological environment: perceptions of the importance of water51
The importance of water to Zionists/Israelis51
The importance of water to Arabs: Palestinians and "East Bankers"52
3Riparian disputes compared54
Euphrates River basin55
Indus River basin61
Nile River basin67
Some comparisons73
4The Johnston mission to the Middle East (1953-1956)79
Round one87
Round two92
Round three93
Round four100
The mission interpreted105
5Perception and misperception: the Jordan waters crisis
(1964) and the onset of war115
The beginning of Arab summitry118
Arab unity breaks down124
Whither the diversion scheme?127
Cognitive dynamics132
6Water and development in Israel and Jordan147
Israel150
Jordan154
Conclusion159
7Riparian relations and the perception of conflict161
Israel and Jordan: challenges and constraints161
Pax in belli164
Divergent perceptions166
8Riparian disputes since 1967171
Dam-building on the Yarmouk River171
Exploiting the Yarmouk waters181
Wadi Araba/ha-Arava182
West Bank groundwater183
9Conclusion: The conduct of riparian dispute and the potential for cooperation in international river basins192
Conflict and cooperation explained192
Dynamics of state behavior202
The potential for cooperation203
Appendix 1 US involvement in water development in the Jordan basin205
Appendix 2 The unified development of the water resources of the Jordan Valley region207
Appendix 3 The Arabs' plan for development of water resources in the Jordan Valley209
Appendix 4 The Cotton plan for the development and utilization of the water resources of the Jordan and Litani River basins211
Notes212
Select bibliography271
Index286

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