Water Desalting Planning Guide for Water Utilities / Edition 1by AWWA (American Water Works Association)
Pub. Date: 03/25/2004
Written by a select group of industry experts, under the supervision of the leading organization in water utilities, AWWA, this reference is the first practical guide to water desalination systems. Desalination is the process used to remove dissolved salts from seawater or highly-mineralized waters so that the water becomes usable for human and/or agricultural and
Written by a select group of industry experts, under the supervision of the leading organization in water utilities, AWWA, this reference is the first practical guide to water desalination systems. Desalination is the process used to remove dissolved salts from seawater or highly-mineralized waters so that the water becomes usable for human and/or agricultural and industrial usage. This book offers authoritative guidance on the planning, design, and implementation of a successful water desalination system for public water utilities.
- Publication date:
- Product dimensions:
- 6.38(w) x 9.39(h) x 0.60(d)
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction.
Development of Desalting Processes and Plant Inventory.
Chapter 2: Regulatory Issues.
Drinking Water Standards.
Environmental and Siting Issues.
Chapter 3: Treatment Technologies.
Applicability of Desalting Technologies.
Other Desalting Processes.
Chapter 4: Concentrate Disposal.
Concentrate Disposal Methods.
Chapter 5: Process Selection.
Treated Water Quality Goals.
Source Water Quality.
Product Water Posttreatment.
Chapter 6: Desalting Costs.
Definition of Capital Cost and Operation and Maintenance Cost.
Estimating Capital Costs.
Estimating Operation and Maintenance Costs.
Cost of Water.
Total Treated Water Costs.
Chapter 7: Project Implementation.
Defining the Project.
Obtaining Construction Bids.
Prepurchasing of Equipment.
Operating a Desalter.
Obtaining the Required Expertise.
Project Delivery Alternatives.
Comparison of Desalter Implementation Alternatives.
Case Study 1: Lavaca-Navidad River Authority Seawater Reverse Osmosis Facility.
Case Study 2: Two Years of Operating Experience at the Port Hueneme Brackish Water Reclamation Demonstration Facility.
Project Timeline and BWRDF Cost.
Two Years of Operation.
Comparison of Membrane System Performance.
Case Study 3: Desalting a High Total Dissolved Solids Brackish Water for Hatteras Island, North Carolina.
Case Study 4: Desalination for Texas Water Supply.
Reverse Osmosis Desalination Basic Concepts.
Tampa Bay Seawater Desalination Project.
Siting Issues Assessment.
Desalination Cost Impacts Identified.
Example Seawater Desalination Sites on the Texas Coast.
Case Study 5: Ultrafiltration as Pretreatment to Seawater Reverse Osmosis.
Conventional Seawater RO Pretreatment Options.
UF for Seawater RO Pretreatment.
Hollow Fiber Membrane Filtration.
Norit UF Technology.
Pilot Testing of UF on Seawater.
Results and Discussion.
Case Study 6: Performance and Economic Evaluation of a 16-Inch-Diameter Reverse Osmosis Membrane for Surface Water Desalting.
Results and Discussion.
Case Study 7: Membrane Integration for Seawater Desalting.
Tradition or Perdition?
The Road Less Traveled . . . .
For Want of a Map . . . .
A Bridge Across an Ocean . . . .
The Design of the Road . . . .
Coming Down the Home Stretch . . . .
The End of the Journey?
Case Study 8: Implementation of an Enhanced Multieffect Distillation Process for Seawater Desalination.
Commencement of the Design Effort: Early Design Basis Modifications.
The Huntington Beach Desalination Test Units.
Aluminum Evaporator Effects.
Project Cost Projections.
Glossary of Desalting Terminology.
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