Water Fluoridation Principles and Practices / Edition 2

Paperback (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from BN.com
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $85.82
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 38%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (4) from $85.82   
  • New (4) from $85.82   


Fluoridation is the addition of the chemical fluoride in drinking water to reduce tooth decay. Since fluoridation treatment became common practice over 50 years ago, tooth decay has been reduced 40 to 65 percent.

This manual provides data and guidance on the design, operation, and maintenance of fluoridation systems in water treatment. Coverage includes human health effects of fluoride, calculating dosage, feed systems, installation, operation, maintenance, and defluoridation.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781583213117
  • Publisher: American Water Works Association
  • Publication date: 11/28/2005
  • Series: AWWA Manual Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 104
  • Product dimensions: 8.25 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 0.22 (d)

Meet the Author

Established in 1881, the American Water Works Association is the oldest and largest nonprofit, scientific and educational association dedicated to safe and sustainable water in the world. With more than 50,000 members worldwide and 43 Sections in North America, AWWA advances public health, safety and welfare by uniting the efforts of the entire water community.
Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Tables
Chapter 1.....History, Theory, and Chemicals

Fluoridation History

Bone and Tooth Incorporation of Fluoride

Tooth Decay

Health Effects

Legal Issues

Chapter 2....Fluoridation SystemPlanning

General System Configurations

Chemical Selection Guidelines

Preliminary Calculations

Feed Rate and Dosage Calculations

Example Feed Rate Calculations

Example Calculated Dosage Problems

Simplification of Feed Rate and Dosage Calculations
Chapter 3....Design, Equipment, and Installation



Auxiliary Equipment
Chapter 4....Operation and Maintenance

Control Scheme




Chapter 5....Defluoridation

Activated Alumina (AA) Treatment Process

Reverse Osmosis Treatment
Additional Sources of Information
Figure 1-1 Dental caries and dental fluorosis in relation to fluoride in public water supplies
Figure 1-2 The demineralization and remineralization processes lead to remineralized enamel crystals with surfaces rich in fluoride and lower in solubility
Figure 2-1 Acid feed installation
Figure 2-2 Solution fluoride saturator
Figure 2-3 Dry feed installation with volumetric feeder
Figure 2-4 Dry feed installation with gravimetric feeder
Figure 2-5 Optimal fluoride levels
Figure 2-6 Fluoridation nomograph
Figure 2-7 Fluoridation alignment chart
Figure 3-1 Fluoride injection point
Figure 3-2 Positive-displacement solution feeders
Figure 3-3 Upflow saturator
Figure 3-4 Downflow saturator
Figure 3-5 Screw-type volumetric dry feeder
Figure 3-6 Roll-type volumetric dry feeder
Figure 3-7 Belt-type gravimetric feeder
Figure 3-8 Gravimetric feeder - loss-in-weight type
Figure 3-9 Pacing meter-electronic metering pump
Figure 3-10 Pacing meter-variable-speed motor control
Figure 4-1 Simplified process control scheme
Figure 5-1 The process Schematic Flow Diagram
Figure 5-2 A typical reverse osmosis system
Table 1-1 Number of people and percentage of the population receiving optimally fluoridated water through public water systems (PWS), by state - US, 1992 and 2000
Table 1-2 Years when Canadian cities began fluoridation
Table 1-3 Characteristics of fluoride compounds
Table 2-1 Fluoridation planning checklist
Table 2-2 Optimal fluoride levels
Table 2-3 Typical values of purity and available fluoride ion (AFI)
Table 2-4 Fluoride calculation factors
Table 3-1 Detention time of sodium fluorosilicate in dissolving tanks
Table 4-1 Interfering substances
Table 4-2 Emergency treatment for ingested fluoride overdose of fluorosilicic acid H2SiF6
Table 4-3 Emergency treatment for ingested fluoride overdose of dry fluoride chemicals NaF and Na2SiF6
Table 4-4 Summary of reported fluoride overfeed incidents in public water systems
Table 4-5 Recommended fluoride overfeed action

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)