Water Management in Ancient Greek Cities

Overview

Focusing on the Mediterranean area where water management is crucial, this pioneering study is the first to show how the supply, distribution, and drainage of water contributed to the urbanization of ancient cities. Drawing from classical archaeology, the theory and history of urbanization, geology, and hydraulic engineering, Crouch examines water-system elements, including springs, fountains, wells, channels and drains, latrines, laundry, and dishwashing, as they relate to each other and to the physical, ...

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Overview

Focusing on the Mediterranean area where water management is crucial, this pioneering study is the first to show how the supply, distribution, and drainage of water contributed to the urbanization of ancient cities. Drawing from classical archaeology, the theory and history of urbanization, geology, and hydraulic engineering, Crouch examines water-system elements, including springs, fountains, wells, channels and drains, latrines, laundry, and dishwashing, as they relate to each other and to the physical, historical, and social bases of ancient Greek cities. Studying numerous sites including Pompeii, Pergamon, Athens, Samos, Delphi, and Corinth, she concludes that increased knowledge and skill in management of water contributed directly to the urbanization of the ancient Greek world. Illustrated with excellent photographs and line drawings, the discussions of supply, distribution, and drainage of water are organized topically, rather than chronologically or by site, offering an excellent example of the interdisciplinary approach. Crouch's study raises stimulating questions for further research, indicates entirely new directions for established academic disciplines, and suggests useful procedures for modern cities facing problems of water supply and management.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195072808
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 5/28/1997
  • Pages: 400
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables
I Introduction
1 Purposes and Methods 3
2 A Firm Archaeological Base for Urban History? Difficulties of Cross-Disciplinary Research 10
II Modern Questions About Ancient Water Control
3 Water System Evidence of Greek Civilization 19
4 Modern Insights About Ancient Water Management 32
III Greek Urbanism - Data and Theories
5 Urban Patterns in the Greek Period: Athens, Paestum, Morgantina, Miletus/Priene, and Pergamon as Formal Types 43
6 Greek Urbanization - Theoretical Issues 47
IV Geography and Geology
7 Karst: The Hydrogeological Basis of Civilization 63
8 Greek Settlements and Karst Phenomena: Corinth and Syracuse 83
9 Urban Location Determinants: Argos, Gela, and Pergamon 100
10 Natural Models for Water Elements 115
V Planning
11 Planning Water Management: Corinth and Syracuse 123
12 Planning Water Quality: Potable and Subpotable Water at Selinus and Priene 151
VI Supply, Distribution, Drainage
13 Early and Late Examples: A New Look at Olynthos and Pompeii 171
14 Morgantina's Agora - Design and Drains 190
VII Water System Elements Described and Quantified
15 Scale Differences: Akragas and Morgantina 201
16 Clusters of Water System Elements 219
VIII Physical Constraints on Built Form
17 Urban and House Form Constrained by Water Resources - Morgantina 237
18 The Well-Watered Acropolis at Athens 255
19 Note on Testing the Water from the Asklepion Area, Athens 278
IX Amenity and Necessity
20 Architectural Expression of Public and Private Water Supply at Morgantina, Corinth, Athens, and Delos 283
X Conclusions: Learning from Greek Experience
21 Profile of Individual Water User 309
22 Discoveries About Greek Water Management 312
23 Thoughts on the History of Greek Urbanization 337
Glossary 345
Bibliography 347
Index 367
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