Water Resource Engineering: Handbook of Essential Methods and Design

Water Resource Engineering: Handbook of Essential Methods and Design

by Anand Prakash
     
 

ISBN-10: 078440674X

ISBN-13: 9780784406748

Pub. Date: 12/16/2003

Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers

Prakash has 45-plus years of experience working as a water resources engineer and consultant on hydrologic and hydraulic projects throughout the world. Written for consulting engineers with a bachelors degree in engineering or applied science and some professional experience, and graduate students training to enter the consulting industry, his text covers methods and

Overview

Prakash has 45-plus years of experience working as a water resources engineer and consultant on hydrologic and hydraulic projects throughout the world. Written for consulting engineers with a bachelors degree in engineering or applied science and some professional experience, and graduate students training to enter the consulting industry, his text covers methods and equations applicable to situations with various levels of data availability, particularly where available site-specific information is inadequate. The emphasis is on solving practical problems with a minimum literature search, and applying theoretical equations to real-world conditions. Requires knowledge of fundamental hydraulics, fluid mechanics, and hydrology, and access to standard texts on these subjects. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780784406748
Publisher:
American Society of Civil Engineers
Publication date:
12/16/2003
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 10.06(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figuresvii
List of Tablesviii
Prefacexi
Acknowledgmentsxii
Author's Disclaimerxii
Chapter 1.Introduction1
Water Resources Engineering1
Planning of Water Resources Engineering Projects2
Documentation of Water Resources Engineering Studies2
Chapter 2.Hydrologic Analyses5
Estimation of Peak Flows6
Rational Method6
Regression Equations19
Statistical Analysis of Available Data22
Surface Runoff Hydrographs25
Unit Hydrograph29
Kinematic Wave Method32
Design Storm Duration and Depth32
Soil Losses33
Snowmelt and Snow Loads37
Baseflow39
Combining Hydrographs and Routing through Channels39
Probable Maximum Flood Hydrograph40
Risk Analysis and Estimation of Failure Probabilities46
Benefit-Cost Analysis49
Reservoir Operation Studies50
Generation of Streamflow Sequences50
Flow Duration Analysis53
Mass Curve (Rippl) Analysis54
Estimation of 7-day Average 10-yr Low Flow56
Hydrologic Models62
Models for Development and Routing of Storm Runoff Hydrographs62
Continuous Flow Simulation Models64
Other Useful Models65
Chapter 3.Hydraulic Analysis67
Classification of Flows67
Steady Uniform Flow in Open Channels68
Design of Nonerodible Channels69
Design of Erodible Channels72
Maximum Permissible Velocity72
Nonsilting, Nonscouring Velocity74
Design of Vegetated Channels78
Flow Through Bends82
Freeboard83
Water Surface Profiles83
Critical Flow86
Hydraulics of Weirs and Spillways87
Broad-Crested and Sharp-Crested Weirs87
Ogee Crest88
Flow along Steep Slopes91
Hydraulic Jump91
Unsteady Flow99
Overland Flow along Slopes100
Soil Erosion on Slopes103
Sediment Yield Analysis105
Wind Erosion110
Sediment Transport Analysis111
Open-Channel Dispersion114
Far-Field Dispersion117
Estimation of Dispersion Coefficients124
Dissolved Oxygen Concentrations in Streams126
Pipe Flow130
Laminar Flow in Pipes130
Turbulent Flow in Pipes131
Hydraulics of Diffusers136
Water Hammer143
Hydraulic Models144
Chapter 4.Groundwater147
Occurrence of Groundwater and Types of Porous Media147
Properties of Porous Media148
Permeability and Hydraulic Conductivity148
One-Dimensional Steady-State Groundwater Flow151
Darcian Flow151
Non-Darcian Flow153
Steady-State Radial Flow155
Flow to a Single Well155
Groundwater Mound156
Capture Zone157
Partially Penetrating Well159
Radius of Influence160
Well Interference161
Induced Recharge162
Recharge by Precipitation163
Seawater Intrusion164
Effect of Barometric Pressure Fluctuations166
Subsidence167
Safe Yield, Specific Capacity, and Efficiency169
Transient (Unsteady) Groundwater Flow170
Unsteady One-Dimensional Flow170
Bank Storage171
Flow toward Drains and Drain Spacing174
Response of Groundwater Levels to River Stage Fluctuations177
Unsteady Radial Flow to a Well Fully Penetrating a Confined Aquifer178
Unsteady Radial Flow to a Well Fully Penetrating an Unconfined Aquifer183
Estimation of Aquifer Parameters184
Slug Tests188
Contaminant Transport in Saturated Zone192
Flow and Contaminant Transport through Fractured Rock199
Contaminant Transport through Unsaturated (Vadose) and Saturated Soil Zones200
Gas Phase Transport203
Monitoring Well Installation206
Groundwater Flow and Transport Models207
Chapter 5.Hydraulic Designs209
Introduction209
Channel Transitions209
Flood Control212
Erosion Protection217
Dams and Reservoirs236
Stilling Basins and Energy Dissipation Devices263
Hydroelectric Power270
Chapter 6.Economic Analysis289
Estimates of Costs and Benefits of Water Resources Engineering Projects289
Benefit-Cost Analysis290
Evaluation of Water Resources Engineering Project Alternatives292
Chapter 7.Environmental Issues and Monitoring299
Introduction299
Environmental Impact Statement301
Definition and Format of an EIS301
Content of an EIS302
Environmental Impacts of Water Resources Engineering Projects303
Environmental Impacts of Dams303
Environmental Impacts of Other Water Resources Engineering Projects305
Evaluation and Analysis of Impacts306
Environmental Monitoring308
Introduction308
Components of Environmental Monitoring309
Evaluation of Environmental Significance of Projects312
Significance for Fish Habitat Sustainability and Enhancement312
Significance for Recreational Activities313
Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Studies (RI/FS)314
Definition and Scope314
Regulatory Perspective318
Relevant Hydrologic Processes and Simulations319
Remediation Technologies324
References327
Index341

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