Water Resources Planning / Edition 2

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How to develop an integrated resource plan for ensuring adequate water supplies to accommodate projected future water demands. Covers all topics of water resources planning: demand forecasting, evaluation of potential new source waters, hydrologic modeling, regulatory issues, environmental impact analysis, public involvement, and economic analysis. Includes sample Integrated Resources Plans developed by water utilities.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781583214718
  • Publisher: American Water Works Association
  • Publication date: 6/28/2007
  • Series: AWWA Manual Series
  • Edition description: revised
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 412
  • Product dimensions: 8.25 (w) x 11.00 (h) x 0.84 (d)

Meet the Author

Established in 1881, the American Water Works Association is the oldest and largest nonprofit, scientific and educational association dedicated to safe and sustainable water in the world. With more than 50,000 members worldwide and 43 Sections in North America, AWWA advances public health, safety and welfare by uniting the efforts of the entire water community.
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Table of Contents

List of Figures     vii
List of Tables     xi
Foreword     xiii
Acknowledgments     xv
Introduction to Water Resources Planning     1
The Water Resources Planning Process     2
References     11
Public Involvement for Water Resources Planning     13
Introduction     13
Planning for Public Involvement     15
Prepare Public Involvement Work Plan     18
Implement the Public Involvement Plan     20
Case Studies     22
Supplement to Chapter 2     35
Public Consultation Addressing Historic/Cultural Resource and Environmental Justice Issues     35
Public Involvement and Consultation Regarding Historic and Cultural Resources     35
Public Involvement and Consultation Regarding Environmental Justice     36
Consultation/Collaboration with Federally Recognized Native American Tribes     37
Water Demand Forecasting     41
Forecasting Methods     43
Data Requirements     47
Identifying Water Use Patterns     52
Compiling a Demographic Database     60
Naturally Occurring and Programmed Conservation     61
Identify System Losses     63
Complete the Integrated Forecast Model     63
Sensitivity Analysis     67
Summary     71
Suggested Additional Readings     72
Supplement to Chapter 3: Summary of IWA Best Practices for Water Loss Control     76
Features of International Water Audit Methodology     76
Magnitude of Savings Potential     77
Major Components of Effective Loss Control     78
Water Rights and Policy     81
General Water Rights     82
Federal Water Rights     86
The Public Trust Doctrine     88
AWWA Water Policy     90
Water Quality Impacts to Water Rights     91
Suggested Additional Readings     93
Evaluation of Surface Water and Groundwater Sources     95
Surface Water     95
Groundwater     103
Aquifer Storage and Recovery Wells     107
Conjunctive Use of Groundwater and Surface Wells     112
Identification of Timing and Magnitude of New Source Development     115
References     117
Evaluation of Other Sources     119
Conservation     119
Reclaimed Water     138
Project Siting      146
Desalination     151
Water Marketing and Transfers     162
References     168
Water Quality     171
The Hydrologic Cycle and Water Quality     171
Surface Water Quality     172
Groundwater Quality     172
Physical, Chemical, and Biological Components Influencing Water Quality     173
Sources of Contaminant Loading in Water     177
Water Quality Sampling and Monitoring     181
Summary     184
Suggested Additional Readings     184
Hydrologic Modeling     187
Hydrologic Models: What, Why, How, and When     188
Hydrologic Models and Their Use     191
Models and the Hydrologic Cycle     195
Hydrologic Models: Data, Calibration, Sensitivity, and Errors     211
Suggested Additional Readings     226
Regulatory Issues     227
Clean Water Act     228
Drinking Water Quality Standards     230
1986 Amendments     235
1996 Amendments     240
Summary     246
References     259
Environmental Impact Analysis     261
Environmental Impact Planning     261
Preparing Environmental Impact Documentation     264
Information in Environmental Impact Documents     268
Permits and Approvals in the Environmental Process     270
Watershed Management and Groundwater Protection     275
Surface Water Source Protection     276
Groundwater Source Protection     286
References     297
Economic Feasibility     299
Multiobjective Decisions: Economics as One of Several Objectives     299
Economic Factors     299
Economic Variables: Costs and Benefits     300
Time and Discount Rate     305
Comparison Methodologies     308
Summary     313
Integrated Resource Planning     315
Overview of the IRP Process     316
Plan Outline     322
Forming Resource Combinations     327
Evaluating Resource Combinations     330
Selecting and Implementing a Plan     334
References     339
Case Studies     341
City of Newport News, VA and the King William Reservoir Project     342
Case Study for Regional Water Planning in Texas     345
Portland, Oregon, Regional Water Supply Plan     347
City of Colorado Springs, Colorado, Integrated Resource Plan     348
Denver, Colorado, Metropolitan Area     349
Kentucky-American Water Company's Integrated Resource Plan     353
Wichita, Kansas, Integrated Resource Plan     355
Ware Creek Reservoir, Virginia     356
Southern Nevada Water Authority Integrated Resource Plan     357
Eugene, Oregon, Water and Electric Board Water Supply Plan     361
Preliminary Cost Guide for Water Supply Dams     365
Selecting the Appropriate Dam Type     365
Establishing Dam Profile Layout     366
Profile Layout and Basis for Estimating Quantity     367
Earth Fill Dam Assessment-Preliminary Layout and Opinion of Cost     370
Earth Dam-Opinion of Cost     372
A White Paper From the American Water Works Association Source Water Protection (approved April 11, 1997)     373
Statement of Principles     373
The Road to a Source Water Protection Program     374
Developing Resources For Source Water Protection     375
Recommendations     375
State Wellhead and Source Water Protection Contact List     377
Index     379
List of AWWA Manuals     391
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