Water Wells & Septic Systems Handbook / Edition 1

Water Wells & Septic Systems Handbook / Edition 1

5.0 1
by R. Woodson
     
 

ISBN-10: 0071402004

ISBN-13: 9780071402002

Pub. Date: 04/01/2003

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing

Packed with 200 illustrations!

A PRACTICAL, ONE-STEP RESOURCE FOR WORKING WITH WATER WELLS AND SEPTIC SYSTEMS.

Each year, thousands upon thousands of Americans install water wells and septic systems on their properties. But with a maze of codes governing their use—along with a host of design requirements that ensure their functionality—where can

Overview

Packed with 200 illustrations!

A PRACTICAL, ONE-STEP RESOURCE FOR WORKING WITH WATER WELLS AND SEPTIC SYSTEMS.

Each year, thousands upon thousands of Americans install water wells and septic systems on their properties. But with a maze of codes governing their use—along with a host of design requirements that ensure their functionality—where can someone turn for comprehensive, one-stop guidance? Enter the Water Wells and Septic Systems Handbook from McGraw-Hill.

Written in language any property owner can understand—yet detailed enough for professionals and technical students—this easy-to-use volume delivers the latest techniques and code requirements for designing, building, rehabilitating, and maintaining private water wells and septic systems. Bolstered by a wealth of informative charts, tables, and illustrations, this book delivers:

* Current construction, maintenance, and repair methods

* New International Private Sewage Disposal Code

* Up-to-date standards from the American Water Works Association

* And much, much more!

So, no matter if you’re a plumber, a driller, or a utility company professional, Water Wells and Septic Systems Handbook is the one resource you need to ensure your next job’s success!

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780071402002
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date:
04/01/2003
Series:
Handbook Series
Pages:
448
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.07(d)

Table of Contents

Introductionxix
Chapter 1.Administration1
General Regulations1
Applicability2
Code Officials4
Approval5
Permits5
Inspections7
Violations7
Unsafe Conditions8
Appeal8
Chapter 2.Definitions11
Chapter 3.General Regulations15
Specific Limitations15
Flood Plain16
Chapter 4.Site Evaluation and Requirements17
Slope18
Test Boring18
Percolation Tests21
Verification22
Observation Requirements23
Site Requirements24
Chapter 5.Materials29
Septic Tanks29
Pipe31
Joints and Connections31
Prohibited Joints and Connections34
Chapter 6.Soil Absorption Systems35
Excavating Seepage Trenches36
Seepage Beds38
Seepage Pits38
Rules of Excavation and Construction38
Aggregate and Backfill39
Piping Requirements39
Observation Pipes40
Weather40
Chapter 7.Pressure Distribution Systems43
System Design43
Pumps44
Dosing45
Chapter 8.Tanks47
Inlets and Outlets47
Manholes48
Inspection Openings49
Sizing Tanks49
Installation49
Backfill Material51
Riser Joints51
Dosing or Pumping Chambers52
Treatment Tanks52
Maintenance53
Chemical Restoration53
Holding Tanks53
Chapter 9.Mound Systems55
System Design56
Construction Methods70
Chapter 10.Cesspools73
Chapter 11.Inspections75
Chapter 12.Referenced Standards77
Chapter 13.Site Evaluation for Water Wells79
Location81
Reading Signs To Find Water83
Dowsing85
It Doesn't Take Very Long86
Chapter 14.Testing and Protecting Potable Water89
Confusion90
Testing Recommendations96
New Wells99
Who Tests The Water?100
Pesticides in Potable Water103
Protecting Private Wells104
Chapter 15.Drilled Wells107
Depth108
Well-Drilling Equipment108
The Basics110
Quantity And Quality115
Supervising the Drilling117
Trenching118
Installing A Pump System119
The Finer Points126
Chapter 16.Shallow Wells129
Shallow Wells131
When Should You Use A Shallow Well?131
Characteristics135
Look Around137
The Preliminary Work138
After A Well Is In138
Pump Selection139
Installing a Single-Pipe Jet Pump143
Two-Pipe Pumps147
Pressure Tanks147
Diaphragm Tanks151
Installation Procedures152
Chapter 17.Alternative Water Sources155
Driven Wells156
Cisterns160
Ponds and Lakes162
Springs162
Many Needs163
Chapter 18.Troubleshooting Well Systems165
Basic Well Problems166
Troubleshooting Jet Pumps169
Troubleshooting Submersible Pumps173
Water Quality179
Chemical Characteristics180
Biological Factors183
Radiological Factors184
Solving Water-Quality Problems184
Chapter 19.Site Limitations for Septic Systems187
As They Appear189
Grade190
A Safe Way190
Standard Systems191
Chamber Systems191
Pump Stations192
Trees192
Burying A Septic Tank192
Underground Water193
Driveways and Parking Areas194
Erosion194
Setbacks194
Read The Fine Print195
Site Visits196
Chapter 20.Septic Designs and Soil Studies199
Septic Designs199
Design Criteria204
Soil Types208
Chapter 21.Gravel-and-Pipe Septic Systems211
The Components213
Types Of Septic Tanks217
Installing a Simple Septic System218
Do It Yourself224
Bad Ground227
Chapter 22.Chamber-Type Septic Systems229
Chamber Systems230
Trench Systems231
Mound Systems233
Pump Systems234
Holding Tanks234
Other Types of Systems235
Chapter 23.Wastewater Pump Systems237
Single-Fixture Pumps238
Gray-Water Sumps240
Black-Water Sumps241
Whole-House Pump Stations244
Chapter 24.Landscaping Septic-System Areas247
Appearance247
General Information248
Plant Selection248
Grass249
Flowers249
Other Options249
Chapter 25.Septic-System Maintenance251
Garbage Disposals252
Unwanted Objects252
Temperature253
Pathogens253
Failure Symptoms253
Beneficial Bacteria253
Additives254
Excess Water254
Cleaning254
Chapter 26.Troubleshooting Septic Systems255
An Overflowing Toilet256
Whole-House Backups257
The Problem is in the Tank258
Problems With a Leach Field260
Outside Odors263
Supervision264
When a Problem Occurs265
Don't Be Afraid to Ask For Help265
Chapter 27.Low-Cost Septic Systems271
Knowledge272
Try Installing a System Yourself272
Choose Sites Selectively273
Cost Overruns275
Shop Around275
Chapter 28.Low-Cost Well Systems277
Cutting Too Many Corners277
Well Selection281
Pumps282
Pressure Tanks284
Shopping Prices284
Do Your Own Installations288
Negotiations288
Chapter 29.Suggestions for Bidding Jobs291
Disclosure293
Danger Spots294
Septic Systems294
Wells297
A Spec Sheet302
What You Don't Know303
Chapter 30.Cost Overruns305
Setting Up a Job Budget305
Take-Offs307
Accuracy308
Sorting Through Bids308
Once a Job Starts314
As a Job is Winding Down315
Pulling it All Together316
A Money Diet316
Here We Are317
Chapter 31.Worksite Safety319
Very Dangerous319
General Safety322
Clothing323
Jewelry324
Eye And Ear Protection324
Pads324
Tool Safety325
Co-Worker Safety331
Chapter 32.First Aid333
Open Wounds334
Splinters And Such337
Eye Injuries338
Scalp Injuries339
Facial Injuries339
Nose Bleeds340
Back Injuries340
Legs And Feet340
Hand Injuries341
Shock341
Burns343
Heat-Related Problems344
Chapter 33.Mathematics for the Trade347
Appendix.Reference and Conversion Tables and Data407
Index445

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Water Wells & Septic Systems Handbook 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I agree with everything in the publisher's comments. As a prospective homeowner on well water with a septic system, this book provided me with a wealth of information. It is presented in an easy to understand format. The text is supported with design diagrams and code requirements. I highly recommend reading this book if you live on well water or utilize a septic system.